How to format your references using the Molecular Diversity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Diversity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Doms RW (2010) Immunology. Prime, boost, and broaden. Science 329:1021–1022
A journal article with 2 authors
Jahn R, Fasshauer D (2012) Molecular machines governing exocytosis of synaptic vesicles. Nature 490:201–207
A journal article with 3 authors
Jiang J-W, Zhuang X, Rabczuk T (2013) Orientation dependent thermal conductance in single-layer MoS2. Sci Rep 3:2209
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Sukhatme K, Mukharsky Y, Chui T, Pearson D (2001) Observation of the ideal Josephson effect in superfluid 4He. Nature 411:280–283

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Waller FJ (2011) Writing Chemistry Patents and Intellectual Property. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Issar AS (2007) Climate Change —: Environment and History of the Near East, 2nd Edition. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Chibbaro S, Rondoni L, Vulpiani A (2014) Determinism, Chaos and Reductionism. In: Rondoni L, Vulpiani A (eds) Reductionism, Emergence and Levels of Reality: The Importance of Being Borderline. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 99–120

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Diversity.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Tesla May Release Patents To Encourage Supercharger Collaborators. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) High Speed Passenger Rail: Developing Viable High Speed Rail Projects under the Recovery Act and Beyond. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Washington S (2010) Counseling students ability to diagnose Asperger’s Syndrome. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich JR (2017) The Harpsichordist With a Chip on His Keyboard. New York Times C2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Diversity
AbbreviationMol. Divers.
ISSN (print)1381-1991
ISSN (online)1573-501X
ScopeMolecular Biology
Inorganic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
Information Systems
General Medicine
Drug Discovery

Other styles