How to format your references using the Journal of Change Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Change Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Friedlingstein, P. (2008). A steep road to climate stabilization. Nature, 451(7176), 297–298.
A journal article with 2 authors
Buckley, Y. M., & Han, Y. (2014). Ecology. Managing the side effects of invasion control. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6187), 975–976.
A journal article with 3 authors
Davies, P. C. W., Davis, T. M., & Lineweaver, C. H. (2002). Black holes constrain varying constants. Nature, 418(6898), 602–603.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Schaller, E. L., Roe, H. G., Schneider, T., & Brown, M. E. (2009). Storms in the tropics of Titan. Nature, 460(7257), 873–875.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Radcliff, P. B. (2017). Modern Spain. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Vassighi, A. (2006). Thermal and Power Management of Integrated Circuits (M. Sachdev, Ed.). Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Neves, M. F., Trombin, V. G., Lopes, F. F., Kalaki, R., & Milan, P. (2012). Destinations of exports. In V. G. Trombin, F. F. Lopes, R. Kalaki, & P. Milan (Eds.), The orange juice business: A Brazilian perspective (pp. 27–29). Wageningen Academic Publishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Change Management.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, July 12). Dinosaurs May Have Been Cooing To Each Other. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1974). Expenditures of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration for Public Relations Activities (B-161939). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shore, L. A. (2014). The anima in animation: Miyazaki heroines and post-patriarchal consciousness [Doctoral dissertation]. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992, July 9). For Perot, a Time of Need. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Friedlingstein, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Buckley & Han, 2014; Friedlingstein, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Buckley & Han, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Davies et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Schaller et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Change Management
AbbreviationJ. Chang. Manag.
ISSN (print)1469-7017
ISSN (online)1479-1811
ScopeStrategy and Management

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