How to format your references using the Journal of Change Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Change Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Savage, P. E. (2012). Chemistry. Algae under pressure and in hot water. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6110), 1039–1040.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rao, M., & Sockanathan, S. (2005). Transmembrane protein GDE2 induces motor neuron differentiation in vivo. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5744), 2212–2215.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, M., Vijayraghavan, S., & Goldman-Rakic, P. S. (2004). Selective D2 receptor actions on the functional circuitry of working memory. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5659), 853–856.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Leo, N., Carolus, V., White, J. S., Kenzelmann, M., Hudl, M., Tolédano, P., … Fiebig, M. (2018). Publisher Correction: Magnetoelectric inversion of domain patterns. Nature, 563(7732), E29.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hanzo, L., Liew, T. H., & Yeap, B. L. (2005). Turbo Coding, Turbo Equalisation and Space-Time Coding. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Crowe, A. R., & Cuenca, A. (Eds.). (2016). Rethinking Social Studies Teacher Education in the Twenty-First Century (1st ed. 2016). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Thorne, C., & Griffiths, C. (2014). Smart, Smarter, Smartest: Redefining Our Cities. In R. P. Dameri & C. Rosenthal-Sabroux (Eds.), Smart City: How to Create Public and Economic Value with High Technology in Urban Space (pp. 89–99). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Change Management.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2017, February 24). Distinct Shapes Of Ancient Skulls Indicates Multiple Migrations Into Early Americas. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Activities of the Amtrak Inspector General (No. GAO-05-306R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Haffner, I. (2017). Experimental Investigation of Temperature Dependency in Transmission Characteristics of Liquid Crystals by Spectroscopy (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Martin, D. (2016, October 20). Phil Chess, Whose Label Elevated Unknown Blues Singers, Dies at 95. New York Times, p. A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Robock, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Fishman, 2001; Magurran, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rao & Sockanathan, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Wang, Vijayraghavan, & Goldman-Rakic, 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Shimizu et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Change Management
AbbreviationJ. Chang. Manag.
ISSN (print)1469-7017
ISSN (online)1479-1811
ScopeStrategy and Management

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