How to format your references using the Journal of Change Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Change Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Firestein, S. (2001). How the olfactory system makes sense of scents. Nature, 413(6852), 211–218.
A journal article with 2 authors
Frégnac, Y., & Laurent, G. (2014). Neuroscience: Where is the brain in the Human Brain Project? Nature, 513(7516), 27–29.
A journal article with 3 authors
Almeda, R., Connelly, T. L., & Buskey, E. J. (2014). Novel insight into the role of heterotrophic dinoflagellates in the fate of crude oil in the sea. Scientific Reports, 4, 7560.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Que, X., Hung, M.-Y., Yeang, C., Gonen, A., Prohaska, T. A., Sun, X., … Witztum, J. L. (2018). Oxidized phospholipids are proinflammatory and proatherogenic in hypercholesterolaemic mice. Nature, 558(7709), 301–306.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sauter, M. (2014). From GSM to LTE-Advanced. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Huggenberger, P., & Epting, J. (Eds.). (2011). Urban Geology: Process-Oriented Concepts for Adaptive and Integrated Resource Management. Basel: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Eralp, L., & Eren, İ. (2015). Knee Arthrodesis with Monolateral External Fixator for the Treatment of Infected Knee Arthroplasty. In M. Kocaoğlu, H. Tsuchiya, & L. Eralp (Eds.), Advanced Techniques in Limb Reconstruction Surgery (pp. 101–110). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Change Management.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, August 26). A Loggerhead Turtle Born With A Conjoined Twin Is Returned To The Sea. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). ADA Paratransit Services: Survey of Public Transit Agency Officials on Services and Costs (GAO-13-18SP, November, 2012), an E-supplement to GAO-13-17 (No. GAO-13-18SP). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
French, D. C. (2012). A Case against E-Waste: Where One Country’s Trash is (Not) Another Country’s Treasure: Developing National E-Waste Legislation to Regulate E-Waste Exportation (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Severson, K. (2007, August 19). In Pursuit of Farm Fresh Flavor. New York Times, p. LI1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Firestein, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Firestein, 2001; Frégnac & Laurent, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Frégnac & Laurent, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Almeda, Connelly, & Buskey, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Que et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Change Management
AbbreviationJ. Chang. Manag.
ISSN (print)1469-7017
ISSN (online)1479-1811
ScopeStrategy and Management

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