How to format your references using the Journal of Change Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Change Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ma, E. (2004). Materials science. Watching the nanograins roll. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5684), 623–624.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zufall, R. A., & Rausher, M. D. (2004). Genetic changes associated with floral adaptation restrict future evolutionary potential. Nature, 428(6985), 847–850.
A journal article with 3 authors
Deller, A. T., Bailes, M., & Tingay, S. J. (2009). Implications of a VLBI distance to the double pulsar J0737-3039A/B. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5919), 1327–1329.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhang, K., Guo, J., Ge, Z., & Zhang, J. (2014). Nanosecond pulsed electric fields (nsPEFs) regulate phenotypes of chondrocytes through Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. Scientific Reports, 4, 5836.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Waye, J. D., Aisenberg, J., & Rubin, P. H. (2013). Practical Colonoscopy. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Weisburd, D., Feucht, T., Hakimi, I., Mock, L., & Perry, S. (Eds.). (2011). To Protect and To Serve: Policing in an Age of Terrorism. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lorenzini, A., & Maier, A. B. (2016). Influence of Donor Age and Species Longevity on Replicative Cellular Senescence. In S. I. S. Rattan & L. Hayflick (Eds.), Cellular Ageing and Replicative Senescence (pp. 49–70). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Change Management.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, November 6). Giant Groundhog-Like Mammal Lived Among Dinosaurs. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Transportation for Older Adults: Measuring Results Could Help Determine If Coordination Efforts Improve Mobility (GAO-15-158). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Duley, L. A. (2012). A Qualitative Phenomenological Study of the Lived Experiences of Women Remaining in Abusive Relationships [Doctoral dissertation]. Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ortved, J. (2017, May 4). Browsing for Denim. Or a Toothbrush. New York Times, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ma, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Ma, 2004; Zufall & Rausher, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zufall & Rausher, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Deller et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Change Management
AbbreviationJ. Chang. Manag.
ISSN (print)1469-7017
ISSN (online)1479-1811
ScopeStrategy and Management

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