How to format your references using the Stochastic Partial Differential Equations: Analysis and Computations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Stochastic Partial Differential Equations: Analysis and Computations. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reenan, R.A.: Molecular determinants and guided evolution of species-specific RNA editing. Nature. 434, 409–413 (2005)
A journal article with 2 authors
Haldane, A.G., May, R.M.: Systemic risk in banking ecosystems. Nature. 469, 351–355 (2011)
A journal article with 3 authors
MacLeod, N., Benfield, M., Culverhouse, P.: Time to automate identification. Nature. 467, 154–155 (2010)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liang, Y., Liu, P., Xiao, J., Li, H., Wang, C., Yang, G.: A microfibre assembly of an iron-carbon composite with giant magnetisation. Sci. Rep. 3, 3051 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Remy, J.-G., Letamendia, C.: LTE Standards. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2014)
An edited book
Law, K.M.Y.: Yin Yang and Organizational Performance: Five Elements for Improvement and Success. Springer, London (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Mooney, R.J.: Learning Language from Its Perceptual Context. In: Daelemans, W., Goethals, B., and Morik, K. (eds.) Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery in Databases: European Conference, ECML PKDD 2008, Antwerp, Belgium, September 15-19, 2008, Proceedings, Part I. pp. 5–5. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2008)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Stochastic Partial Differential Equations: Analysis and Computations.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Behavioural Study Shows That Rats Know How To Repay A Favour,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: IT Supply Chain: Additional Efforts Needed by National Security-Related Agencies to Address Risks. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2012)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Munchel, B.F.: Exploratory Study of Counseling Professionals’ Attitudes Toward Distance Clinical Supervision, (2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B.: An Odder Couple Takes the Stage, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleStochastic Partial Differential Equations: Analysis and Computations
ISSN (print)2194-0401
ISSN (online)2194-041X

Other styles