How to format your references using the Stochastic Partial Differential Equations: Analysis and Computations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Stochastic Partial Differential Equations: Analysis and Computations. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stierle, A.: Materials science. Tracking corrosion cracking. Science. 321, 349–350 (2008)
A journal article with 2 authors
Sallan, L., Galimberti, A.K.: Body-size reduction in vertebrates following the end-Devonian mass extinction. Science. 350, 812–815 (2015)
A journal article with 3 authors
Rideout, W.M., 3rd, Eggan, K., Jaenisch, R.: Nuclear cloning and epigenetic reprogramming of the genome. Science. 293, 1093–1098 (2001)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kloer, D.P., Ruch, S., Al-Babili, S., Beyer, P., Schulz, G.E.: The structure of a retinal-forming carotenoid oxygenase. Science. 308, 267–269 (2005)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Atkin, N., Biddiss, M., Tallett, F.: The Wiley-Blackwell Dictionary of Modern European History Since 1789. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK (2011)
An edited book
Şakar, O. ed: Removable Partial Dentures: A Practitioners’ Manual. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Piechurska-Kuciel, E.: Polish Adolescents’ Perceptions of English and Their Desire to Learn It. In: Gałajda, D., Zakrajewski, P., and Pawlak, M. (eds.) Researching Second Language Learning and Teaching from a Psycholinguistic Perspective: Studies in Honour of Danuta Gabryś-Barker. pp. 37–52. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Stochastic Partial Differential Equations: Analysis and Computations.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Highest Carbon Dioxide Levels In 800,000 Years


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Communications Networks: Outcome-Based Measures Would Assist DHS in Assessing Effectiveness of Cybersecurity Efforts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2013)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mahan, C.P.: First to the finish line: A case study of first generation baccalaureate degree completers in the University of Maryland Student Support Services program, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M.: Table Tennis Beside a Bank, and Other Contests Intended to ‘Reclaim’ Midtown, (2012)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleStochastic Partial Differential Equations: Analysis and Computations
ISSN (print)2194-0401
ISSN (online)2194-041X

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