How to format your references using the Molecular Breeding citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Breeding. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
de Chadarevian S (2003) Perceptions in science. The making of an icon. Science 300:255–257
A journal article with 2 authors
Popp MW, Maquat LE (2015) RNA. A TRICK’n way to see the pioneer round of translation. Science 347:1316–1317
A journal article with 3 authors
Dietl GP, Herbert GS, Vermeij GJ (2004) Reduced competition and altered feeding behavior among marine snails after a mass extinction. Science 306:2229–2231
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Gao Y-G, Selmer M, Dunham CM, et al (2009) The structure of the ribosome with elongation factor G trapped in the posttranslocational state. Science 326:694–699

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cherniakov M (2003) An Introduction to Parametric Digital Filters and Oscillators. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Ayala JL, García-Cámara B, Prieto M, et al (eds) (2011) Integrated Circuit and System Design. Power and Timing Modeling, Optimization, and Simulation: 21st International Workshop, PATMOS 2011, Madrid, Spain, September 26-29, 2011. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Schmidl D, an Mey D, Müller MS (2013) Performance Characteristics of Large SMP Machines. In: Rendell AP, Chapman BM, Müller MS (eds) OpenMP in the Era of Low Power Devices and Accelerators: 9th International Workshop on OpenMP, IWOMP 2013, Canberra, ACT, Australia, September 16-18, 2013. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 58–70

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Breeding.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) Legal Marijuana Has Given Colorado A Massive Economic Boost. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Information Technology: Training Can Be Enhanced by Greater Use of Leading Practices. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ware SC (2014) Alcohol consumption and breast cancer risk in older women: A modifiable lifestyle risk factor. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B, Green J (2017) What’s A Show Without Its Star? New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (de Chadarevian 2003).
This sentence cites two references (de Chadarevian 2003; Popp and Maquat 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Popp and Maquat 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Gao et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Breeding
AbbreviationMol. Breed.
ISSN (print)1380-3743
ISSN (online)1572-9788
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science
Molecular Biology

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