How to format your references using the Molecular Breeding citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Breeding. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marrucci G (2003) Materials science. Polymers go with the flow. Science 301:1681–1682
A journal article with 2 authors
Banfield JF, Young M (2009) Microbiology. Variety--the splice of life--in microbial communities. Science 326:1198–1199
A journal article with 3 authors
Mooney H, Cropper A, Reid W (2005) Confronting the human dilemma. Nature 434:561–562
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Gilbert SJ, Dumontheil I, Simons JS, et al (2007) Comment on “Wandering minds: the default network and stimulus-independent thought.” Science 317:43; author reply 43

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Šolín P (2005) Partial Differential Equations and the Finite Element Method. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Hawksworth DL, Bull AT (eds) (2008) Biodiversity and Conservation in Europe. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Hales TC (2011) Sphere Packings, III. Extremal Cases. In: Lagarias JC (ed) The Kepler Conjecture: The Hales-Ferguson Proof. Springer, New York, NY, pp 135–176

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Breeding.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Math And Reading Abilities Driven By Same Genes. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1986) [Question Concerning Protest Under Army IFB for Dependent School Transportation]. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ilag GM (2014) An examination of the entity participants’ collaborative partnerships within the United Nations Global Compact. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2012) I.O.C. Opens Inquiry Into Resale Of Tickets. New York Times D7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marrucci 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Marrucci 2003; Banfield and Young 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Banfield and Young 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Gilbert et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Breeding
AbbreviationMol. Breed.
ISSN (print)1380-3743
ISSN (online)1572-9788
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science
Molecular Biology

Other styles