How to format your references using the Molecular Breeding citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Breeding. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Levine AG (2008) Science careers. Finance’s quant(um) mechanics. Science 322:1264–1265
A journal article with 2 authors
Warner DA, Shine R (2008) The adaptive significance of temperature-dependent sex determination in a reptile. Nature 451:566–568
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaufman YJ, Tanré D, Boucher O (2002) A satellite view of aerosols in the climate system. Nature 419:215–223
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Schöck F, Reischl J, Wimmer E, et al (2000) Phenotypic suppression of empty spiracles is prevented by buttonhead. Nature 405:351–354

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brook MV (2011) Ultrasonic Inspection Technology Development and Search Unit Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Rosa M (2016) Current and Future Perspectives of Ethnomathematics as a Program. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Gensch T, Untiet V, Franzen A, et al (2015) Determination of Intracellular Chloride Concentrations by Fluorescence Lifetime Imaging. In: Becker W (ed) Advanced Time-Correlated Single Photon Counting Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 189–211

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Breeding.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Environmental Protection Agency To Get Tough On Emissions From US Airliners. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Computer-Based Patient Records: Sound Planning and Project Management Are Needed to Achieve a Two-Way Exchange of VA and DOD Health Data. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marchek SP (2015) A quantitative investigation of the Technology Obsolescence Model (TOM) factors that influence the decision to replace obsolete systems. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK (2005) World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Last Regional Governor’s Election. New York Times A7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Levine 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Warner and Shine 2008; Levine 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Warner and Shine 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Schöck et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Breeding
AbbreviationMol. Breed.
ISSN (print)1380-3743
ISSN (online)1572-9788
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science
Molecular Biology

Other styles