How to format your references using the Molecular Breeding citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Breeding. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker M (2011) Animal models: inside the minds of mice and men. Nature 475:123–128
A journal article with 2 authors
Bensinger SJ, Tontonoz P (2008) Integration of metabolism and inflammation by lipid-activated nuclear receptors. Nature 454:470–477
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu M, Pastor-Pareja JC, Xu T (2010) Interaction between Ras(V12) and scribbled clones induces tumour growth and invasion. Nature 463:545–548
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Badro J, Rueff J-P, Vankó G, et al (2004) Electronic transitions in perovskite: possible nonconvecting layers in the lower mantle. Science 305:383–386

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Costa F, Gautier C, Labouré E, Revol B (2013) Electromagnetic Compatibility in Power Electronics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Wunderlich H-J (ed) (2010) Models in Hardware Testing: Lecture Notes of the Forum in Honor of Christian Landrault. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Bauer F, Groß H (2009) Exploring Terra Incognita – Operating Hours in the Service Sector. In: Smith M, Cette G, Bauer F, Delsen L (eds) Comparative Analyses of Operating Hours and Working Times in the European Union. Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg, pp 83–115

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Breeding.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2017) Orbiter’s Shaky Photo Of The Moon Caused By Being Hit By A Meteoroid. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1976) Acquisition of Automatic Data Processing Equipment. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aggarwal E (2012) South Asian women’s attitudes toward help-seeking behaviors. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dorman JL (2016) A Funky Place to Land in Hollywood. New York Times TR3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Bensinger and Tontonoz 2008; Baker 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bensinger and Tontonoz 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Badro et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Breeding
AbbreviationMol. Breed.
ISSN (print)1380-3743
ISSN (online)1572-9788
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science
Molecular Biology

Other styles