How to format your references using the Stem Cell Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Stem Cell Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lok, C. (2001). Plans to reduce acceptable arsenic limit put on hold. Nature 410, 503.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jacque, J.-M., and Stevenson, M. (2006). The inner-nuclear-envelope protein emerin regulates HIV-1 infectivity. Nature 441, 641–645.
A journal article with 3 authors
Harvey, C.D., Coen, P., and Tank, D.W. (2012). Choice-specific sequences in parietal cortex during a virtual-navigation decision task. Nature 484, 62–68.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Becker, M.A., Vaxenburg, R., Nedelcu, G., Sercel, P.C., Shabaev, A., Mehl, M.J., Michopoulos, J.G., Lambrakos, S.G., Bernstein, N., Lyons, J.L., et al. (2018). Bright triplet excitons in caesium lead halide perovskites. Nature 553, 189–193.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
da Silva, F.S.C., and Agustí-Cullell, J. (2005). Knowledge Coordination (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd).
An edited book
(2011). Hyperbolicity: Lectures given at the Centro Internazionale Matematico Estivo (C.I.M.E.), held in Cortona (Arezzo), Italy, June 24 – July 2, 1976 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer).
A chapter in an edited book
Lynn, R., Chen, A., Locks, S., Nath, C., and Kurfess, T. (2015). Intelligent and Accessible Data Flow Architectures for Manufacturing System Optimization. In Advances in Production Management Systems: Innovative Production Management Towards Sustainable Growth: IFIP WG 5.7 International Conference, APMS 2015, Tokyo, Japan, September 7-9, 2015, Proceedings, Part I, S. Umeda, M. Nakano, H. Mizuyama, N. Hibino, D. Kiritsis, and G. von Cieminski, eds. (Cham: Springer International Publishing), pp. 27–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Stem Cell Reports.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Did ‘Rising Star’ Shine Too Bright? (IFLScience).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006). Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Highway Trust Fund Excise Taxes (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Caldretti, M. (2017). Vocal Pedagogy and the Adolescent Female Singing Voice. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W. (2012). Fierce Debt Puts Pensions at Risk In Puerto Rico. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Biemann, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Brumfiel, 2003; Eisenberg, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jacque and Stevenson, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Shimizu et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleStem Cell Reports
AbbreviationStem Cell Reports
ISSN (online)2213-6711
Cell Biology
Developmental Biology

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