How to format your references using the Stem Cell Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Stem Cell Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mazzarello, P. (2001). Lombroso and Tolstoy. Nature 409, 983. .
A journal article with 2 authors
Rowley, D.B., and Currie, B.S. (2006). Palaeo-altimetry of the late Eocene to Miocene Lunpola basin, central Tibet. Nature 439, 677–681. .
A journal article with 3 authors
Grigoryan, G., Reinke, A.W., and Keating, A.E. (2009). Design of protein-interaction specificity gives selective bZIP-binding peptides. Nature 458, 859–864. .
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Rosebeck, S., Madden, L., Jin, X., Gu, S., Apel, I.J., Appert, A., Hamoudi, R.A., Noels, H., Sagaert, X., Van Loo, P., et al. (2011). Cleavage of NIK by the API2-MALT1 fusion oncoprotein leads to noncanonical NF-kappaB activation. Science 331, 468–472. .

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Broome, J. (2017). Weighing Goods (Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd).
An edited book
Young, R.A. (2011). Transition to Adulthood: Action, Projects, and Counseling (New York, NY: Springer).
A chapter in an edited book
Hansson, A., and Goossens, K. (2011). Instantiation. In On-Chip Interconnect with Aelite: Composable and Predictable Systems, K. Goossens, ed. (New York, NY: Springer), pp. 103–120.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Stem Cell Reports.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). What Makes The Spring Equinox? (IFLScience).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016). Freight Rail Pricing: Contracts Provide Shippers and Railroads Flexibility, but High Rates Concern Some Shippers (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kratovac, S. (2012). Developmental alterations in inhibitory neurotransmission in the Fragile X Syndrome mouse basolateral amygdala. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Detrick, B. (2017). Busy P Surveys the Paris Party Scene He Defined. New York Times D6. .

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mazzarello, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Mazzarello, 2001; Rowley and Currie, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rowley and Currie, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Rosebeck et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleStem Cell Reports
AbbreviationStem Cell Reports
ISSN (online)2213-6711
Cell Biology
Developmental Biology

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