How to format your references using the Stem Cell Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Stem Cell Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bettencourt, L.M.A. (2013). The origins of scaling in cities. Science 340, 1438–1441.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee, L.P., and Szema, R. (2005). Inspirations from biological optics for advanced photonic systems. Science 310, 1148–1150.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aguzzi, A., Barres, B.A., and Bennett, M.L. (2013). Microglia: scapegoat, saboteur, or something else? Science 339, 156–161.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Gurnett, D.A., Persoon, A.M., Kurth, W.S., Groene, J.B., Averkamp, T.F., Dougherty, M.K., and Southwood, D.J. (2007). The variable rotation period of the inner region of Saturn’s plasma disk. Science 316, 442–445.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Joseph, C.L., and Bernal, S. (2016). Modern Devices (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc).
An edited book
(2005). Theoretical Aspects of Transition Metal Catalysis: -/- (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer).
A chapter in an edited book
Mohd Noor, N., Mohd Rijal, O., Yunus, A., Mahayiddin, A.A., Gan, C.P., Ong, E.L., and Abu Bakar, S.A.R. (2014). Texture-Based Statistical Detection and Discrimination of Some Respiratory Diseases Using Chest Radiograph. In Advances in Medical Diagnostic Technology, Y.C. Hum, M.I. Mohamad Salim, S.-B. Ong, N.P. Utama, Y.M. Myint, N. Mohd Noor, and E. Supriyanto, eds. (Singapore: Springer), pp. 75–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Stem Cell Reports.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2015). What Would Happen If The Earth Got Sucked Into A Black Hole? (IFLScience).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994). Highway User Fees: Updated Data Needed to Determine Whether All Users Pay Their Fair Share (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Connelly, J. (2010). A tradition of excellence transitions to the 21 st century: Hungarian mathematics education, 1988-2008. Doctoral dissertation. Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2016). Mets Fall Again, and Bruce Is Pulled During Rally. New York Times B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bettencourt, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Bettencourt, 2013; Lee and Szema, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee and Szema, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Gurnett et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleStem Cell Reports
AbbreviationStem Cell Reports
ISSN (online)2213-6711
Cell Biology
Developmental Biology

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