How to format your references using the Stem Cell Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Stem Cell Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerr, R.A. (2000). CLIMATE: Ice, Mud Point to CO2 Role in Glacial Cycle. Science 289, 1868.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tessier, P.M., and Lindquist, S. (2007). Prion recognition elements govern nucleation, strain specificity and species barriers. Nature 447, 556–561.
A journal article with 3 authors
Beatty, C.D., Beirinckx, K., and Sherratt, T.N. (2004). The evolution of müllerian mimicry in multispecies communities. Nature 431, 63–66.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Buhl, J., Sumpter, D.J.T., Couzin, I.D., Hale, J.J., Despland, E., Miller, E.R., and Simpson, S.J. (2006). From disorder to order in marching locusts. Science 312, 1402–1406.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pachamanova, D.A., and Fabozzi, F.J. (2010). Simulation and Optimization in Finance (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.).
An edited book
Wright, F.C., Escallon, J., Cukier, M., Tsang, M.E., and Hameed, U. eds. (2016). Surgical Oncology Manual 2nd ed. 2016. (Springer International Publishing).
A chapter in an edited book
Meier, H.E.M., and Höglund, A. (2013). Studying the Baltic Sea Circulation with Eulerian Tracers. In Preventive Methods for Coastal Protection: Towards the Use of Ocean Dynamics for Pollution Control, T. Soomere and E. Quak, eds. (Springer International Publishing), pp. 101–129.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Stem Cell Reports.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017). Discovery Of Oldest Croc Eggs Date From 152 Million Years Ago. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1982). Need for Better Management of the Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute (U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lucky-Medford, L. (2010). A gendered approach to synaesthesia using the poetry of John Keats and Emily Dickinson.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wasik, J.F. (2016). Reverse Mortgages Are Quietly Making a Comeback. New York Times, B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2.
This sentence cites two references 2,4.
This sentence cites four references 2,4,6,8.

About the journal

Full journal titleStem Cell Reports
AbbreviationStem Cell Reports
ISSN (online)2213-6711
Cell Biology
Developmental Biology

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