How to format your references using the Stem Cell Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Stem Cell Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hanash, S. (2003). Disease proteomics. Nature 422, 226–232.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wikelski, M., and Thom, C. (2000). Marine iguanas shrink to survive El Niño. Nature 403, 37–38.
A journal article with 3 authors
Song, H., Stevens, C.F., and Gage, F.H. (2002). Astroglia induce neurogenesis from adult neural stem cells. Nature 417, 39–44.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Belkaid, Y., Piccirillo, C.A., Mendez, S., Shevach, E.M., and Sacks, D.L. (2002). CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells control Leishmania major persistence and immunity. Nature 420, 502–507.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ravindran, K. (2014). The Mathematics of Financial Models (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.).
An edited book
(2014). Perspectives on Social Ontology and Social Cognition (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands).
A chapter in an edited book
Joardder, M.U.H., Karim, A., Kumar, C., and Brown, R.J. (2016). Effect of Porosity on Drying Kinetics and Food Properties. In Porosity: Establishing the Relationship between Drying Parameters and Dried Food Quality, A. Karim, C. Kumar, and R.J. Brown, eds. (Cham: Springer International Publishing), pp. 47–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Stem Cell Reports.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2015). Meet The Most Complete Juvenile T. Rex Ever Discovered (IFLScience).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1986). ADP Systems: Concerns About the Acquisition Plan for DOD’s Composite Health Care System (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chung, Y.-K. (2010). A comparison of particle swarm optimization algorithms in data clustering. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Anderson, J. (2013). Is This the Best Education Money Can Buy? New York Times MM46.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hanash, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Hanash, 2003; Wikelski and Thom, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wikelski and Thom, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Belkaid et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleStem Cell Reports
AbbreviationStem Cell Reports
ISSN (online)2213-6711
Cell Biology
Developmental Biology

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