How to format your references using the Stem Cell Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Stem Cell Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kiefer, T. (2010). Ocean science. When still waters ran deep. Science 329, 290–291.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kampmann, M., and Blobel, G. (2009). Biochemistry. Nascent proteins caught in the act. Science 326, 1352–1353.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kühlbrandt, W., Zeelen, J., and Dietrich, J. (2002). Structure, mechanism, and regulation of the Neurospora plasma membrane H+-ATPase. Science 297, 1692–1696.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Chu, W., Zhou, S., Zhu, W., and Zhuang, X. (2014). Quorum quenching bacteria Bacillus sp. QSI-1 protect zebrafish (Danio rerio) from Aeromonas hydrophila infection. Sci. Rep. 4, 5446.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lewin, M.D. (2007). Better Software Project Management: A Primer for Success (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.).
An edited book
(2008). Humanized Mice (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer).
A chapter in an edited book
Bulgakova, T. (2010). Climate Change, Vulnerability and Adaptation Among Nenets Reindeer Herders. In Community Adaptation and Vulnerability in Arctic Regions, G.K. Hovelsrud, and B. Smit, eds. (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), pp. 83–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Stem Cell Reports.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017). If A Nuclear Bomb Is Dropped On Your City, Here’s Where You Should Run And Hide (IFLScience).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977). Status of the Mariner Jupiter/Saturn 1977 Project (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gary, M. (2017). Home Range and Habitat Use of Juvenile Green Turtles in a Shallow Tidal Environment. Doctoral dissertation. Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sanger, D.E., and MacFARQUHAR, N. (2017). Trump’s Meeting With Russian Foreign Minister Comes at Awkward Time. New York Times A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kiefer, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Kampmann and Blobel, 2009; Kiefer, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kampmann and Blobel, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Chu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleStem Cell Reports
AbbreviationStem Cell Reports
ISSN (online)2213-6711
Cell Biology
Developmental Biology

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