How to format your references using the Journal of Education and Work citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Education and Work. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dalton, R. 2001. “Swift Move to Collect Fallout Data.” Nature 413 (6854): 335.
A journal article with 2 authors
Metzger, Constanze Höhberger, and Khaled Karrai. 2004. “Cavity Cooling of a Microlever.” Nature 432 (7020): 1002–1005.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huntington, J. A., R. J. Read, and R. W. Carrell. 2000. “Structure of a Serpin-Protease Complex Shows Inhibition by Deformation.” Nature 407 (6806): 923–926.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Rodríguez Martínez, Ma del Carmen, Ponciano Ortíz Ceballos, Michael D. Coe, Richard A. Diehl, Stephen D. Houston, Karl A. Taube, and Alfredo Delgado Calderón. 2006. “Oldest Writing in the New World.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 313 (5793): 1610–1614.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morri, Giacomo, and Antonio Mazza. 2014. Property Finance. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
David, René. 2005. Discrete, Continuous, and Hybrid Petri Nets. Edited by Hassane Alla. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Day, Laurence E., and Graham Hutton. 2012. “Towards Modular Compilers for Effects.” In Trends in Functional Programming: 12th International Symposium, TFP 2011, Madrid, Spain, May 16-18, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, edited by Ricardo Peña and Rex Page, 49–64. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Education and Work.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2016. “Stressed Out: The Psychological Effects Of Tests On Primary School Children.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1971. Misuse of Federal Funds Provided for the Midwest Regional Conference on Science, Technology, and State Government. B-171679. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Heredia, Rene. 2017. “Leadership Development in a Multigenerational Workplace: An Exploratory Study.” Doctoral dissertation, Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, John. 2017. “Climate Change Reroutes a Yukon River in a Geological Instant, Scientists Say.” New York Times, April 17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dalton 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Dalton 2001; Metzger and Karrai 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Metzger and Karrai 2004)
  • Three authors: (Huntington, Read, and Carrell 2000)
  • 4 or more authors: (Rodríguez Martínez et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Education and Work
AbbreviationJ. Educ. Work
ISSN (print)1363-9080
ISSN (online)1469-9435
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Public Administration

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