How to format your references using the Journal of Education and Work citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Education and Work. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cavanagh, Patrick. 2005. “The Artist as Neuroscientist.” Nature 434 (7031): 301–307.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rella, S. F., and M. Uchida. 2014. “A Southern Ocean Trigger for Northwest Pacific Ventilation during the Holocene?” Scientific Reports 4 (February): 4046.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cziczo, D. J., D. S. Thomson, and D. M. Murphy. 2001. “Ablation, Flux, and Atmospheric Implications of Meteors Inferred from Stratospheric Aerosol.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 291 (5509): 1772–1775.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Perez-Orive, Javier, Ofer Mazor, Glenn C. Turner, Stijn Cassenaer, Rachel I. Wilson, and Gilles Laurent. 2002. “Oscillations and Sparsening of Odor Representations in the Mushroom Body.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 297 (5580): 359–365.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Staudt, Günter. 2001. Experimentalphysik. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Tonolini, Massimo, ed. 2016. Imaging Complications of Gastrointestinal and Biliopancreatic Endoscopy Procedures. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Komorowski, Tomasz, Claudio Landim, and Stefano Olla. 2012. “The Simple Exclusion Process.” In Fluctuations in Markov Processes: Time Symmetry and Martingale Approximation, edited by Claudio Landim and Stefano Olla, 155–197. Grundlehren Der Mathematischen Wissenschaften. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Education and Work.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2016. “What The Hell Is This Thing That Washed Up On a New Zealand Beach?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Tax Policy: Refund Offset Program Benefits Appear to Exceed Costs. GGD-91-64. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schmidt, Michael P. 2013. “Being Here.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Steel, Emily, and Michael S. Schmidt. 2017. “O’Reilly Settled Claim, Then Got a New Fox Deal.” New York Times, October 21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cavanagh 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Cavanagh 2005; Rella and Uchida 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rella and Uchida 2014)
  • Three authors: (Cziczo, Thomson, and Murphy 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Perez-Orive et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Education and Work
AbbreviationJ. Educ. Work
ISSN (print)1363-9080
ISSN (online)1469-9435
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Public Administration

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