How to format your references using the Journal of Education and Work citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Education and Work. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Loder, N. 2000. “UK Space Strategy Slammed as Lacking Funds and Vision.” Nature 406 (6793): 222.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wenseleers, Tom, and Francis L. W. Ratnieks. 2006. “Enforced Altruism in Insect Societies.” Nature 444 (7115): 50.
A journal article with 3 authors
Navarrete, Ana, Carel P. van Schaik, and Karin Isler. 2011. “Energetics and the Evolution of Human Brain Size.” Nature 480 (7375): 91–93.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Pei, Sen, Lev Muchnik, José S. Andrade Jr, Zhiming Zheng, and Hernán A. Makse. 2014. “Searching for Superspreaders of Information in Real-World Social Media.” Scientific Reports 4 (July): 5547.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Xing, Baoshan, Chad D. Vecitis, and Nicola Senesi. 2016. Engineered Nanoparticles and the Environment: Biophysicochemical Processes and Toxicity. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Barceló, Damià, and Mira Petrovic, eds. 2011. Waste Water Treatment and Reuse in the Mediterranean Region. Vol. 14. The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cypriani, Matteo, Philippe Canalda, and François Spies. 2012. “OwlPS: A Self-Calibrated Fingerprint-Based Wi-Fi Positioning System.” In Evaluating AAL Systems Through Competitive Benchmarking. Indoor Localization and Tracking: International Competition, EvAAL 2011, Competition in Valencia, Spain, July 25-29, 2011, and Final Workshop in Lecce, Italy, September 26, 2011. Revised Selected Papers, edited by Stefano Chessa and Stefan Knauth, 36–51. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Education and Work.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “In Defence Of Magpies: The Bird World’s Bad Boy Is Simply Misunderstood.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1987. Aircraft Modifications: Overestimates of Costs Generate Excess Funds. NSIAD-87-199BR. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aggarwal, Ektha. 2012. “South Asian Women’s Attitudes toward Help-Seeking Behaviors.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kang, Cecilia, and Michael J. de la MERCED. 2017. “AT&T’s Blockbuster Bid For Time Warner Is in Limbo.” New York Times, July 9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Loder 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Loder 2000; Wenseleers and Ratnieks 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wenseleers and Ratnieks 2006)
  • Three authors: (Navarrete, van Schaik, and Isler 2011)
  • 4 or more authors: (Pei et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Education and Work
AbbreviationJ. Educ. Work
ISSN (print)1363-9080
ISSN (online)1469-9435
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Public Administration

Other styles