How to format your references using the Journal of Education and Work citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Education and Work. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harberd, Nicholas P. 2003. “Botany. Relieving DELLA Restraint.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 299 (5614): 1853–1854.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li, Gang, and Zhe-Xi Luo. 2006. “A Cretaceous Symmetrodont Therian with Some Monotreme-like Postcranial Features.” Nature 439 (7073): 195–200.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bhandary, Sumanta, Olle Eriksson, and Biplab Sanyal. 2013. “Defect Controlled Magnetism in FeP/Graphene/Ni(111).” Scientific Reports 3 (December): 3405.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Brandman, Onn, James E. Ferrell Jr, Rong Li, and Tobias Meyer. 2005. “Interlinked Fast and Slow Positive Feedback Loops Drive Reliable Cell Decisions.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 310 (5747): 496–498.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tibergien, Mark, and Rebecca Pomering. 2011. Practice Made (More) Perfect. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sliwa, Karen, and John Anthony, eds. 2014. Cardiac Drugs in Pregnancy. Current Cardiovascular Therapy. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ip, Alexander C. F., and Juewen Liu. 2013. “DNA-Functionalized Gold Nanoparticles for Metabolite and Nucleic Acid Detection.” In DNA and RNA Nanobiotechnologies in Medicine: Diagnosis and Treatment of Diseases, edited by Volker A. Erdmann and Jan Barciszewski, 121–139. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Education and Work.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “What Is The ‘Warm Blob’ In The Pacific And What Can It Tell Us About Our Future Climate?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Social Security Administration: Internet Access to Personal Earnings and Benefits Information. T-AIMD/HEHS-97-123. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Graham, Sean M. 2017. “Conditions That Prompt the Migrant Worker Population to Access Pre-Hospital Emergency Care in Place of Health Centers in Qatar.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, Ben. 2017. “Bewildered Rage Over Lives Cut Short.” New York Times, June 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Harberd 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Harberd 2003; Li and Luo 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Li and Luo 2006)
  • Three authors: (Bhandary, Eriksson, and Sanyal 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Brandman et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Education and Work
AbbreviationJ. Educ. Work
ISSN (print)1363-9080
ISSN (online)1469-9435
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Public Administration

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