How to format your references using the Medical Gas Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Medical Gas Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Smaglik P. A climate of uncertainty. Nature. 2002;415:6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Miyanari Y, Torres-Padilla M-E. Control of ground-state pluripotency by allelic regulation of Nanog. Nature. 2012;483:470–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Suthram S, Sittler T, Ideker T. The Plasmodium protein network diverges from those of other eukaryotes. Nature. 2005;438:108–12.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Liang X, Li H, Tian G, Li S. Dynamic microbe and molecule networks in a mouse model of colitis-associated colorectal cancer. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4985.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Jelaska D. Gears and Gear Drives. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1. Bonate PL, Howard DR, editors. Pharmacokinetics in Drug Development: Advances and Applications, Volume 3. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Hamed O, Kimchi ET, Sehmbey M, Gusani NJ, Kaifi JT, Staveley-O’Carroll K. Impact of Genetic Targets on Cancer Therapy: Hepatocellular Cancer. In: El-Deiry WS, editor. Impact of Genetic Targets on Cancer Therapy. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. p. 67–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Medical Gas Research.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Can You Drink The Water On Mars? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/can-you-drink-water-mars/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Better Management Needed in Social Security Administration’s Toll-Free Telephone Service to the Public. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981 Oct. Report No.: MASAD-82-3.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Garatli AA. What are the necessary skills for leading an online business in Saudi Arabia? [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Ruiz RR, Schmidt MS. Sessions Steers Clear of Trump’s ‘Joke’ on the Use of Force by the Police. New York Times. 2017 Aug 2;A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMedical Gas Research
AbbreviationMed. Gas Res.
ISSN (online)2045-9912
Scope

Other styles