How to format your references using the Medical Gas Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Medical Gas Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Guston DH. Innovation policy: not just a jumbo shrimp. Nature. 2008;454:940–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Horne-Badovinac S, Munro E. Developmental biology. Tubular transformations. Science. 2011;333:294–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Jackson DE, Holcombe M, Ratnieks FLW. Trail geometry gives polarity to ant foraging networks. Nature. 2004;432:907–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Blagodatski A, Kryuchkov M, Sergeev A, Klimov AA, Shcherbakov MR, Enin GA, et al. Under- and over-water halves of Gyrinidae beetle eyes harbor different corneal nanocoatings providing adaptation to the water and air environments. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6004.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Rizzi TE, Valenciano A, Bowles M, Cowell R, Tyler R, DeNicola DB. Atlas of Canine and Feline Urinalysis. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
1. Sirgy MJ, Phillips R, Rahtz D, editors. Community Quality-of-Life Indicators: Best Cases VI. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Dutykh D, Dias F. Water waves generated by a moving bottom. In: Kundu A, editor. Tsunami and Nonlinear Waves. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 65–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Medical Gas Research.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Why Do Lizard Throat Fans Glow? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/why-do-lizard-throat-fans-glow/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Grant Monitoring: Department of Education Could Improve Its Processes with Greater Focus on Assessing Risks, Acquiring Financial Skills, and Sharing Information. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009 Nov. Report No.: GAO-10-57.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Marcus J. Voices of survival: Opera in Theresienstadt [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Megalogenis G. Australia’s leftward turn. New York Times. 2017 May 11;0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMedical Gas Research
AbbreviationMed. Gas Res.
ISSN (online)2045-9912
Scope

Other styles