How to format your references using the Medical Gas Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Medical Gas Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Hatten ME. New directions in neuronal migration. Science. 2002;297:1660–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Rampino MR, Caldeira K. Comment on “Atmospheric PCO₂ perturbations associated with the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province.” Science. 2011;334:594; author reply 594.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Mézard M, Parisi G, Zecchina R. Analytic and algorithmic solution of random satisfiability problems. Science. 2002;297:812–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Kusch T, Florens L, Macdonald WH, Swanson SK, Glaser RL, Yates JR 3rd, et al. Acetylation by Tip60 is required for selective histone variant exchange at DNA lesions. Science. 2004;306:2084–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Benslama M, Batatia H, Messai A. Transitions from Digital Communications to Quantum Communications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1. Müller-Tomfelde C, editor. Tabletops - Horizontal Interactive Displays. London: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Hansen LJ, Hoffman JR. Assessing Vulnerability to Climate Change. In: Hoffman JR, editor. Climate Savvy: Adapting Conservation and Resource Management to a Changing World. Washington, DC: Island Press/Center for Resource Economics; 2011. p. 55–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Medical Gas Research.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Earth’s Magnetic Pole Could Reverse Within A Single Human Lifetime [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/physics/magnetic-pole-reversal-can-take-less-lifetime/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. The Federal Role in Merchant Marine Officer Education. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977 Jun. Report No.: FPCD-77-44.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Meeks JD. From the belly of the HUAC: The HUAC investigations of Hollywood, 1947–1952 [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. Back Home, Still Taking on the World. New York Times. 2013 Aug 13;B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMedical Gas Research
AbbreviationMed. Gas Res.
ISSN (online)2045-9912
Scope

Other styles