How to format your references using the Complex Adaptive Systems Modeling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Complex Adaptive Systems Modeling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Berner RA (2003) The long-term carbon cycle, fossil fuels and atmospheric composition. Nature 426:323–326
A journal article with 2 authors
Buesseler KO, Boyd PW (2003) Climate change. Will ocean fertilization work? Science 300:67–68
A journal article with 3 authors
Ivany LC, Patterson WP, Lohmann KC (2000) Cooler winters as a possible cause of mass extinctions at the Eocene/Oligocene boundary. Nature 407:887–890
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yusa K, Horie K, Kondoh G, et al (2004) Genome-wide phenotype analysis in ES cells by regulated disruption of Bloom’s syndrome gene. Nature 429:896–899

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Verma JP (2016) Sports Research with Analytical Solution Using SPSS®. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Sucaet Y (2014) Digital Pathology. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Gaillard G, Barthel D, Theoleyre F, Valois F (2016) Kausa: KPI-aware Scheduling Algorithm for Multi-flow in Multi-hop IoT Networks. In: Mitton N, Loscri V, Mouradian A (eds) Ad-hoc, Mobile, and Wireless Networks: 15th International Conference, ADHOC-NOW 2016, Lille, France, July 4-6, 2016, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 47–61

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Complex Adaptive Systems Modeling.

Blog post
Andrew D (2017) Why Artificial Turf May Truly Be Bad For Kids. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/why-artificial-turf-may-truly-be-bad-for-kids/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) FAA Appropriation Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holland JH (2010) Investigating the relationship between the policy implementation process and the utilization of information technology in a constitutional republic: The case of I-269 NEPA process. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx L (2015) Public-Service Driven, and Into Each Other’s Arms. New York Times ST22

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Berner 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Buesseler and Boyd 2003; Berner 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Buesseler and Boyd 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Yusa et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleComplex Adaptive Systems Modeling
AbbreviationComplex Adapt. Syst. Model.
ISSN (online)2194-3206
Scope

Other styles