How to format your references using the Statistika: Statistics and Economy Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Statistika: Statistics and Economy Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
SCHMOLLINGER, J. Gaining a Lot from Translation. Nature, 2002, 418(6894), p. 5.
A journal article with 2 authors
SUIT, H.D., WITHERS, H.R. Endothelial Cells and Radiation Gastrointestinal Syndrome. Science, 2001, 294(5546), p. 1411.
A journal article with 3 authors
FAN, H.C., FU, G.K., FODOR, S.P.A. Expression Profiling. Combinatorial Labeling of Single Cells for Gene Expression Cytometry. Science, 2015, 347(6222), p. 1258367.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
MAINLAND, J.D., BREMNER, E.A., YOUNG, N., JOHNSON, B.N., KHAN, R.M., BENSAFI, M., SOBEL, N. Olfactory Plasticity: One Nostril Knows What the Other Learns. Nature, 2002, 419(6909), p. 802.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
MOE, T.M., CHUBB, J.E. Liberating Learning. San Francisco, CA, USA: Jossey-Bass, 2009.
An edited book
STRANDBURG, K.J., RAICU, D.S.eds. Privacy and Technologies of Identity: A Cross-Disciplinary Conversation. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
SCHWARZWALD, H., COLLINS, E.M., GILLESPIE, S., SPINKS-FRANKLIN, A.I.A. Future Health Implications. In COLLINS, GILLESPIE, SPINKS-FRANKLIN, eds. International Adoption and Clinical Practice SpringerBriefs in Public Health, pp. 49–54. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Statistika: Statistics and Economy Journal.

Blog post
O`CALLAGHAN, J. Fast Radio Bursts Definitely Come From Outer Space [online]. IFLScience, 2017. [cit. 30.10.2018]. <>.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE. Examination of the Treatment of Peer Reviewers’ Comments on Support for the “Individualized Science Instructional System” Project. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
SURVIS, F.D. Residential Lawn Water Use and Lawn Irrigation Practices: Wellington, Florida. Doctoral dissertation. Boca Raton, FL: Florida Atlantic University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
SCHMIDT, M.S. Trump Denies Weighing Whether to Fire Mueller. New York Times, 2017, p. A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schmollinger, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Schmollinger, 2002, Suit, Withers, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Suit, Withers, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Mainland et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleStatistika: Statistics and Economy Journal
ISSN (print)0322-788x
ISSN (online)1804-8765

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