How to format your references using the Statistika: Statistics and Economy Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Statistika: Statistics and Economy Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
SCHWEFEL, H.G.L. Optics. In Optical Pumping, Less Can Be More. Science, 2014, 346(6207), pp. 304–305.
A journal article with 2 authors
DIFFENBAUGH, N.S., FIELD, C.B. Changes in Ecologically Critical Terrestrial Climate Conditions. Science, 2013, 341(6145), pp. 486–492.
A journal article with 3 authors
FREY, S., RICHTER, R.P., GÖRLICH, D. FG-Rich Repeats of Nuclear Pore Proteins Form a Three-Dimensional Meshwork with Hydrogel-like Properties. Science, 2006, 314(5800), pp. 815–817.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
COTA, D., PROULX, K., SMITH, K.A.B., KOZMA, S.C., THOMAS, G., WOODS, S.C., SEELEY, R.J. Hypothalamic MTOR Signaling Regulates Food Intake. Science, 2006, 312(5775), pp. 927–930.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
POULY, M., KOHLAS, J. Generic Inference. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
MASON, J.E. Machine Learning Techniques for Gait Biometric Recognition: Using the Ground Reaction Force, 1st ed. 2016. TRAORÉ, WOUNGANG, eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
KULLAA, J. Vibration-Based Structural Health Monitoring Under Variable Environmental or Operational Conditions. In DERAEMAEKER, WORDEN, eds. New Trends in Vibration Based Structural Health Monitoring CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences, pp. 107–181. Vienna: Springer, 2011.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Statistika: Statistics and Economy Journal.

Blog post
DAVIS, J. Reintroduced Beavers In England Help Protect Against Floods And Soil Erosion [online]. IFLScience, 2017. [cit. 30.10.2018]. <>.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE. Unmanned Aerial Vehicles: Progress of the Global Hawk Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
PACKER, C.D. School Referenda and Ohio Department of Education Typologies: An Investigation of the Outcomes of First Attempt School Operating Levies from 2002–2010. Doctoral dissertation. Cincinnati, OH: University of Cincinnati, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
KELLY, M. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; On Road as Equal Partners In New Kind of Political Act. New York Times, 1992, p. A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schwefel, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Diffenbaugh, Field, 2013, Schwefel, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Diffenbaugh, Field, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Cota et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleStatistika: Statistics and Economy Journal
ISSN (print)0322-788x
ISSN (online)1804-8765

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