How to format your references using the Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Brenner S. History of science. The revolution in the life sciences. Science. 2012 Dec 14;338(6113):1427–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Sesma A, Osbourn AE. The rice leaf blast pathogen undergoes developmental processes typical of root-infecting fungi. Nature. 2004 Sep 30;431(7008):582–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Stott PA, Stone DA, Allen MR. Human contribution to the European heatwave of 2003. Nature. 2004 Dec 2;432(7017):610–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Uehara T, Nakamura T, Yao D, Shi Z-Q, Gu Z, Ma Y, et al. S-nitrosylated protein-disulphide isomerase links protein misfolding to neurodegeneration. Nature. 2006 May 25;441(7092):513–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Kondoz AM. Digital Speech. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
1.
Das VV, Ariwa E, Rahayu SB, editors. Signal Processing and Information Technology: First International Joint Conference, SPIT 2011 and IPC 2011, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, December 1-2, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. XIII, 301 p. 140 illus. (Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering; vol. 62).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Matthews CH, Schenkel MT, Hechavarria DM. Family Background and Influence on Nascent Entrepreneurs. In: Curtin RT, Reynolds PD, editors. New Firm Creation in the United States: Initial Explorations with the PSED II Data Set. New York, NY: Springer; 2009. p. 51–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. Check Out This Previously Unreleased Footage Of Nuclear Bomb Tests. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. NASA’s Deep Space Network: Current Management Structure Is Not Conducive to Effectively Matching Resources with Future Requirements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006 Apr. Report No.: GAO-06-445.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Moreno S. Mother-child relationships: Females behind bars and their children [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
de la MERCED MJ, Steel E. As Content Makers Rise, Malone Eyes Consolidation. New York Times. 2017 Jul 19;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleCommunity Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
AbbreviationCommunity Dent. Oral Epidemiol.
ISSN (print)0301-5661
ISSN (online)1600-0528
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
General Dentistry

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