How to format your references using the Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Burrows J. Microbiology: Malaria runs rings round artemisinin. Nature. 2015 Apr 30;520(7549):628–30.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hayes RA, Feenstra BJ. Video-speed electronic paper based on electrowetting. Nature. 2003 Sep 25;425(6956):383–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Lehmann E, Brueckner F, Cramer P. Molecular basis of RNA-dependent RNA polymerase II activity. Nature. 2007 Nov 15;450(7168):445–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Zenz R, Eferl R, Kenner L, Florin L, Hummerich L, Mehic D, et al. Psoriasis-like skin disease and arthritis caused by inducible epidermal deletion of Jun proteins. Nature. 2005 Sep 15;437(7057):369–75.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Moreau N. Tools for Signal Compression. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Wang L. Device-to-Device Communications in Cellular Networks. Tang H, editor. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XVI, 90 p. 32 illus., 28 illus. in color. (SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Lemmerich F, Atzmueller M. Describing Locations Using Tags and Images: Explorative Pattern Mining in Social Media. In: Atzmueller M, Chin A, Helic D, Hotho A, editors. Modeling and Mining Ubiquitous Social Media: International Workshops MSM 2011, Boston, MA, USA, October 9, 2011, and MUSE 2011, Athens, Greece, September 5, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 77–96. (Hutchison D, Kanade T, Kittler J, Kleinberg JM, Mattern F, Mitchell JC, et al., editors. Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology.

Blog post
1.
Taub B. California Legislature Votes To Fund Country’s First Gun Violence Research Unit [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/california-legislature-votes-to-fund-countrys-first-gun-violence-research-unit/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Social Security Administration: Subcommittee Questions Concerning Information Technology Challenges Facing the Commissioner. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 Jul. Report No.: AIMD-98-235R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Valdez K. Taking a closer look at the mental health services act of 2004: A policy analysis [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G. Weather Doesn’t Dampen Latest Heart-Stopper in the Bronx. New York Times. 2009 Oct 18;SP3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleCommunity Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
AbbreviationCommunity Dent. Oral Epidemiol.
ISSN (print)0301-5661
ISSN (online)1600-0528
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
General Dentistry

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