How to format your references using the Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Yang H. China must continue the momentum of green law. Nature. 2014 May 29;509(7502):535.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hoefel F, Elgar S. Wave-induced sediment transport and sandbar migration. Science. 2003 Mar 21;299(5614):1885–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Yin J, Yang X, Zheng Y. Influence of increasing combustion temperature on the AMS 14C dating of modern crop phytoliths. Sci Rep. 2014 Oct 7;4:6511.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Feng P, Niu M, Gao C, Peng S, Shuai C. A novel two-step sintering for nano-hydroxyapatite scaffolds for bone tissue engineering. Sci Rep. 2014 Jul 7;4:5599.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Tyson H. Microsoft® Word 2010 Bible. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Sellers M, editor. Autonomy: In the Law. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007. XI, 179 p. (Comparative Perspectives on Law and Justice; vol. 1).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Hajibagheri A, Sukthankar G, Lakkaraju K. A Holistic Approach for Link Prediction in Multiplex Networks. In: Spiro E, Ahn Y-Y, editors. Social Informatics: 8th International Conference, SocInfo 2016, Bellevue, WA, USA, November 11-14, 2016, Proceedings, Part II. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 55–70. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan J. SpaceX Unveils Its Stylish Crew Dragon Spacecraft That Will Take Astronauts To Space [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/spacex-unveils-its-stylish-crew-dragon-spacecraft-will-take-astronauts-space/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit: Information on the Federal Role in Funding the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Feb. Report No.: GAO-05-358T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Andrus AK. Cellular and Proteomic Characterization of the Innate Immune Response in Wasting Bat Stars (Patiria miniata) [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Judah B. London rolls out the kleptocrats’ carpet. New York Times. 2016 Dec 29;A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleCommunity Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
AbbreviationCommunity Dent. Oral Epidemiol.
ISSN (print)0301-5661
ISSN (online)1600-0528
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
General Dentistry

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