How to format your references using the Games citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Games. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cyranoski, D. Retracted Paper Rattles Korean Science. Nature 2009, 458, 561.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wan, Z.; Zhang, G. Controlled Synthesis and Visible Light Photocatalytic Activity of Bi12GeO20 Uniform Microcrystals. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6298.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sato, T.; Atomi, H.; Imanaka, T. Archaeal Type III RuBisCOs Function in a Pathway for AMP Metabolism. Science 2007, 315, 1003–1006.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
van Breugel, M.; Hirono, M.; Andreeva, A.; Yanagisawa, H.-A.; Yamaguchi, S.; Nakazawa, Y.; Morgner, N.; Petrovich, M.; Ebong, I.-O.; Robinson, C.V.; et al. Structures of SAS-6 Suggest Its Organization in Centrioles. Science 2011, 331, 1196–1199.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Clark, G. The Making of a World City; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2014; ISBN 9781118609705.
An edited book
Rules on the Web. From Theory to Applications: 8th International Symposium, RuleML 2014, Co-Located with the 21st European Conference on Artificial Intelligence, ECAI 2014, Prague, Czech Republic, August 18-20, 2014. Proceedings; Bikakis, A., Fodor, P., Roman, D., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014; Vol. 8620; ISBN 9783319098692.
A chapter in an edited book
Mitra, S.; Mondal, A. Secure Inter-Vehicle Communication: A Need for Evolution of VANET Towards the Internet of Vehicles. In Connectivity Frameworks for Smart Devices: The Internet of Things from a Distributed Computing Perspective; Mahmood, Z., Ed.; Computer Communications and Networks; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; pp. 63–96 ISBN 9783319331225.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Games.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. High-Resolution Images Of The Schiaparelli Crash Site Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office School Dropouts: Survey of Local Programs; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1987;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Borogovac, A. Novel Method for Superior Detection of Functional Changes in CBF Using Arterial Spin Labeling FMRI. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University: New York, NY, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. Mets Fall to Braves, but Help Is Coming as Cespedes Is Set to Return. New York Times 2017, D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGames
ISSN (online)2073-4336
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Applied Mathematics
Statistics and Probability

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