How to format your references using the Games citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Games. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. Trust Me, I’m a Doctor. Nature 2003, 426, 101.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lutz, W.; Kc, S. Global Human Capital: Integrating Education and Population. Science 2011, 333, 587–592.
A journal article with 3 authors
McGuire, S.E.; Le, P.T.; Davis, R.L. The Role of Drosophila Mushroom Body Signaling in Olfactory Memory. Science 2001, 293, 1330–1333.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Milanovic, M.; Fan, D.N.Y.; Belenki, D.; Däbritz, J.H.M.; Zhao, Z.; Yu, Y.; Dörr, J.R.; Dimitrova, L.; Lenze, D.; Monteiro Barbosa, I.A.; et al. Senescence-Associated Reprogramming Promotes Cancer Stemness. Nature 2018, 553, 96–100.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ganda, K.M. Dentist’s Guide to Medical Conditions, Medications, and Complications; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2013; ISBN 9781119421450.
An edited book
Geometric Methods in Physics: XXXI Workshop, Białowieża, Poland, June 24–30, 2012; Kielanowski, P., Ali, S.T., Odesskii, A., Odzijewicz, A., Schlichenmaier, M., Voronov, T., Eds.; Trends in Mathematics; Springer: Basel, 2013; ISBN 9783034806442.
A chapter in an edited book
Lőw, P.; Molnár, K.; Kriska, G. Dissection of a Snail (Helix Pomatia). In Atlas of Animal Anatomy and Histology; Molnár, K., Kriska, G., Eds.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; pp. 49–77 ISBN 9783319251707.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Games.

Blog post
Luntz, S. Roman Concrete Insight Could Help Build A Safer World Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Telecommunications and Information Technology: Federal Programs That Can Be Used to Fund Technology for Schools and Libraries; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1998;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gallegos, C.M. Shelter Services for Homeless Older Adults: A Grant Writing Project. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ember, S.; Bowley, G. First Trial In Cosby Case Is a Guide For the 2nd. New York Times 2017, A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGames
ISSN (online)2073-4336
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Applied Mathematics
Statistics and Probability

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