How to format your references using the Games citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Games. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler, D. France Finally Picks Parisian Site for New Synchrotron. Nature 2000, 407, 119–120.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sundaram, J.K.; von Arnim, R. Economics. Trade Liberalization and Economic Development. Science 2009, 323, 211–212.
A journal article with 3 authors
Maskus, K.E.; Mobarak, A.M.; Stuen, E.T. Economics. Doctoral Students and U.S. Immigration Policy. Science 2013, 342, 562–563.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huo, N.; Yang, S.; Wei, Z.; Li, S.-S.; Xia, J.-B.; Li, J. Photoresponsive and Gas Sensing Field-Effect Transistors Based on Multilayer WS₂ Nanoflakes. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 5209.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chandra, S. Energy, Entropy and Engines; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2016; ISBN 9781119013167.
An edited book
Olivares-Tirado, P. Trends and Factors in Japan’s Long-Term Care Insurance System: Japan’s 10-Year Experience; Tamiya, N., Ed.; SpringerBriefs in Aging; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2014; ISBN 9789400778740.
A chapter in an edited book
Was, G.S.; Allen, T.R. RADIATION DAMAGE FROM DIFFERENT PARTICLE TYPES. In Radiation Effects in Solids; Sickafus, K.E., Kotomin, E.A., Uberuaga, B.P., Eds.; NATO Science Series; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2007; pp. 65–98 ISBN 9781402052934.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Games.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Boa Constrictors Don’t Actually Suffocate Their Prey To Death After All (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Information Technology: Uncertainty Remains about the Bureau’s Readiness for a Key Decennial Census Test; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2016;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lama, N. Optimized Veterinary Thermographic Image Classification Using Support Vector Machines and Noise Mitigation. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University: Edwardsville, IL, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. A Magazine Will Tell All About Bubba. New York Times 1993, A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGames
ISSN (online)2073-4336
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Applied Mathematics
Statistics and Probability

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