How to format your references using the Games citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Games. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Richter, F.M. Isotope fractionation in silicate melts by thermal diffusion. Nature 2011, 472, E1; discussion E2-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gupta, M.; Zare, R.N. Spinning molecules to bits. Nature 2000, 407, 33–34.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dong, Z.; Hoven, C.W.; Rosenfield, A. Lessons from the past. Nature 2005, 433, 573–574.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, Z.R.; Zhang, H.; Wu, J.Q.; Zhou, J.J.; Ji, Y.H. PKA phosphorylation reshapes the pharmacological kinetics of BmK AS, a unique site-4 sodium channel-specific modulator. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 3721.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stacey, W.M. Fusion; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, Germany, 2010; ISBN 9783527629312.
An edited book
Nanomaterials: Risks and Benefits; Linkov, I., Steevens, J., Eds.; NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2009; ISBN 9781402094903.
A chapter in an edited book
Jagadish; Ray, A. A Fuzzy Multi-criteria Decision-making Model for Green Electrical Discharge Machining. In Proceedings of Fourth International Conference on Soft Computing for Problem Solving: SocProS 2014, Volume 1; Das, K.N., Deep, K., Pant, M., Bansal, J.C., Nagar, A., Eds.; Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing; Springer India: New Delhi, 2015; pp. 33–43 ISBN 9788132222163.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Games.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. Meteor Showers Are Warped By Gravity Of Planets Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Welfare Reform: Improving State Automated Systems Requires Coordinated Federal Effort; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2000;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Desgens-Martin, V. High prevalence of carcinoma in California sea lions Zalophus californianus: Evidence of a xenobiotic-induced carcinogenic cascade? Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. A Potluck of Anxiety as a Family Gathers in an Election Season. New York Times 2016, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGames
ISSN (online)2073-4336
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Applied Mathematics
Statistics and Probability

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