How to format your references using the Statistics in Biopharmaceutical Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Statistics in Biopharmaceutical Research (SBR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Haberland, H. (2013), “Looking from both sides,” Nature, 494, E1-2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zukor, K., and He, Z. (2011), “Regenerative medicine: drawing breath after spinal injury,” Nature, 475, 177–178.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bottke, W. F., Vokrouhlický, D., and Nesvorný, D. (2007), “An asteroid breakup 160 Myr ago as the probable source of the K/T impactor,” Nature, 449, 48–53.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rauhut, O. W. M., Remes, K., Fechner, R., Cladera, G., and Puerta, P. (2005), “Discovery of a short-necked sauropod dinosaur from the Late Jurassic period of Patagonia,” Nature, 435, 670–672.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ibrahim, R. A. (2017), Handbook of Structural Life Assessment, Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Jullien, V. (ed.) (2015), Seventeenth-Century Indivisibles Revisited, Science Networks. Historical Studies, Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Cristini, C., and Cesa-Bianchi, G. (2009), “Le emozioni invecchiano?,” in Sentire e pensare: Emozioni e apprendimento fra mente e cervello, ed. A. Ghilardi, Milano: Springer, pp. 45–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Statistics in Biopharmaceutical Research.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2015), “China’s Air Pollution Has Reached Doomsday Levels,” IFLScience, IFLScience, Available at


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978), Procedures To Safeguard Social Security Beneficiary Records Can and Should Be Improved, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liu, T.-W. D. (2003), “Isolation and Characterization of pco-1, which Encodes a Regulatory Protein that Controls Purine Degradation in Neurospora crassa,” Doctoral dissertation, Columbus, OH: Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dolnick, B. (2017), “Cold Showers,” New York Times, MM26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Haberland 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Haberland 2013; Zukor and He 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zukor and He 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Rauhut et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleStatistics in Biopharmaceutical Research
AbbreviationStat. Biopharm. Res.
ISSN (online)1946-6315

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