How to format your references using the Statistics in Biopharmaceutical Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Statistics in Biopharmaceutical Research (SBR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Currey, J. D. (2005), “Materials science. Hierarchies in biomineral structures,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 309, 253–254.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gentner, T. Q., and Margoliash, D. (2003), “Neuronal populations and single cells representing learned auditory objects,” Nature, 424, 669–674.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cronberg, N., Natcheva, R., and Hedlund, K. (2006), “Microarthropods mediate sperm transfer in mosses,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 313, 1255.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yi, P., Han, Z., Li, X., and Olson, E. N. (2006), “The mevalonate pathway controls heart formation in Drosophila by isoprenylation of Ggamma1,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 313, 1301–1303.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pande, A., and Wolshon, B. (2015), Traffic Engineering Handbook, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Minter, D. (2005), Pro Hibernate 3, (J. Linwood, ed.), Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Tsai, M.-L. (2015), “Conflicting Images of Young Taiwanese Children,” in Education as Cultivation in Chinese Culture, Education in the Asia-Pacific Region: Issues, Concerns and Prospects, eds. S. Hsu and Y.-Y. Wu, Singapore: Springer, pp. 87–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Statistics in Biopharmaceutical Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014), “Has The Hole in Stephen Hawking’s Black Hole Theory Been Plugged?,” IFLScience, IFLScience, Available at’s-black-hole-theory-been-plugged/.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002), Transportation Infrastructure: Cost and Oversight Issues on Major Highway and Bridge Projects, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Delisio, J. P. (2017), “Fighting For A Cure: The Berry Plan’s Impact on Civilian Medical Research,” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gurley, G. (2012), “Since 1956, a Sensitive Guy,” New York Times, ST2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Currey 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Currey 2005; Gentner and Margoliash 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gentner and Margoliash 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Yi et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleStatistics in Biopharmaceutical Research
AbbreviationStat. Biopharm. Res.
ISSN (online)1946-6315

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