How to format your references using the Statistics in Biopharmaceutical Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Statistics in Biopharmaceutical Research (SBR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lengauer, C. (2003), “Cancer. An unstable liaison,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 300, 442–443.
A journal article with 2 authors
Higley, M. J., and Strittmatter, S. M. (2010), “Neuroscience. Lynx for braking plasticity,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 330, 1189–1190.
A journal article with 3 authors
Royden, L. H., Burchfiel, B. C., and van der Hilst, R. D. (2008), “The geological evolution of the Tibetan Plateau,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 321, 1054–1058.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Savage, J. R., Blair, D. W., Levine, A. J., Guyer, R. A., and Dinsmore, A. D. (2006), “Imaging the sublimation dynamics of colloidal crystallites,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 314, 795–798.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Allin, P., and Hand, D. J. (2014), The Wellbeing of Nations, Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Grzech, A., Borzemski, L., Świątek, J., and Wilimowska, Z. (eds.) (2016), Information Systems Architecture and Technology: Proceedings of 36th International Conference on Information Systems Architecture and Technology – ISAT 2015 – Part II, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Fricchione, G. (2011), “Separation–Attachment Theory in Illness and the Role of the Healthcare Practitioner,” in Whole Person Care: A New Paradigm for the 21st Century, ed. T. A. Hutchinson, New York, NY: Springer, pp. 45–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Statistics in Biopharmaceutical Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014), “Bloated Whale Carcass Threatens Small Canadian Town,” IFLScience, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992), Desert Shield/Storm: U.S. Transportation Command’s Support of Operation, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Necaise, K. W. (2012), “Effects of soybean-derived phytoestrogens on reproductive tract development in neonatal male and female pigs: Animal model for the human infant,” Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State, MS: Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, S. (1993), “CHILDREN’S BOOKS,” New York Times, 717.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lengauer 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Higley and Strittmatter 2010; Lengauer 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Higley and Strittmatter 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Savage et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleStatistics in Biopharmaceutical Research
AbbreviationStat. Biopharm. Res.
ISSN (online)1946-6315

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