How to format your references using the Statistics in Biopharmaceutical Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Statistics in Biopharmaceutical Research (SBR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Noller, H. F. (2005), “RNA structure: reading the ribosome,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 309, 1508–1514.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bininda-Emonds, O. R. P., and Purvis, A. (2012), “Comment on ‘Impacts of the Cretaceous Terrestrial Revolution and KPg extinction on mammal diversification,’” Science (New York, N.Y.), 337, 34; author reply 34.
A journal article with 3 authors
Faehnle, C. R., Walleshauser, J., and Joshua-Tor, L. (2014), “Mechanism of Dis3l2 substrate recognition in the Lin28-let-7 pathway,” Nature, 514, 252–256.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chugunov, A., Pyrkova, D., Nolde, D., Polyansky, A., Pentkovsky, V., and Efremov, R. (2013), “Lipid-II forms potential ‘landing terrain’ for lantibiotics in simulated bacterial membrane,” Scientific reports, 3, 1678.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lewis, S. (2016), Positive Psychology and Change, Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Adams, N. M., and Freemont, P. S. (eds.) (2011), Advances in Nuclear Architecture, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Goubault-Larrecq, J., and Jouannaud, J.-P. (2013), “The Blossom of Finite Semantic Trees,” in Programming Logics: Essays in Memory of Harald Ganzinger, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, eds. A. Voronkov and C. Weidenbach, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 90–122.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Statistics in Biopharmaceutical Research.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016), “Caribbean Cave Inscriptions Reveal Spiritual Dialog Between Europeans And Natives,” IFLScience, IFLScience, Available at


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992), NASA: Choices and Challenges, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stewart, A. R. (2009), “Entrepreneurial perception: A survey of graduates of a global management MBA program,” Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2013), “Cities Urge Public Pension Funds to Divest From Gun Makers,” New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Noller 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Bininda-Emonds and Purvis 2012; Noller 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bininda-Emonds and Purvis 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Chugunov et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleStatistics in Biopharmaceutical Research
AbbreviationStat. Biopharm. Res.
ISSN (online)1946-6315

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