How to format your references using the Chinese Journal of Aeronautics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Journal of Aeronautics (CJA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abraham Robert T. Cell biology. Making sense of amino acid sensing. Science 2015;347(6218):128–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wortmann Ulrich G., Chernyavsky Boris M. Effect of evaporite deposition on Early Cretaceous carbon and sulphur cycling. Nature 2007;446(7136):654–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bonsall Michael B., Jansen Vincent A. A., Hassell Michael P. Life history trade-offs assemble ecological guilds. Science 2004;306(5693):111–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Munteanu Andreea, Cotterell James, Solé Ricard V., Sharpe James. Design principles of stripe-forming motifs: the role of positive feedback. Sci Rep 2014;4:5003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grigorenko Yu N., Chilingar G. V., Sobolev V. S., Andiyeva T. A., Zhukova L. I. Petroleum Accumulation Zones on Continental Margins. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Goldberger Jeffrey J., Ng Jason, editors. Practical Signal and Image Processing in Clinical Cardiology. London: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Viesti G., Donzella A., Bonomi G., Botosso C., Fabris D., Lunardon M., et al. Search of Explosives in Vehicles by Using Tagged Neutrons. In: Schubert Hiltmar, Kuznetsov Andrey, editors. Detection of Liquid Explosives and Flammable Agents in Connection with Terrorism. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008. p. 39–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Journal of Aeronautics.

Blog post
Hale Tom. A Mystery Space Object Will Cruise Past Earth Next Month. IFLScience. Available at Accessed October 30, 2018, 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Railroad Bridges and Tunnels: Federal Role in Providing Safety Oversight and Freight Infrastructure Investment Could Be Better Targeted. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sato Orlenda. The use of statistical metrics as a decision making tool in brief experimental analysis. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams John. Baldwin Burns Strong. New York Times 2017:BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Journal of Aeronautics
ISSN (print)1000-9361
ScopeAerospace Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

Other styles