How to format your references using the Chinese Journal of Aeronautics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Journal of Aeronautics (CJA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reichhardt T. Funding woes spell doom for US radio dish. Nature 2000;404(6773):7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Seeber L., Armbruster J. G. Earthquakes as beacons of stress change. Nature 2000;407(6800):69–72.
A journal article with 3 authors
Noda S., Chutinan A., Imada M. Trapping and emission of photons by a single defect in a photonic bandgap structure. Nature 2000;407(6804):608–10.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kuypers M. M., Blokker P., Erbacher J., Kinkel H., Pancost R. D., Schouten S., et al. Massive expansion of marine archaea during a mid-Cretaceous oceanic anoxic event. Science 2001;293(5527):92–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Willan Andrew R., Briggs Andrew H. Statistical Analysis of Cost-effectiveness Data. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Alwi Halim. Fault Detection and Fault-Tolerant Control Using Sliding Modes. London: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Liqat Umer, Kerrison Steve, Serrano Alejandro, Georgiou Kyriakos, Lopez-Garcia Pedro, Grech Neville, et al. Energy Consumption Analysis of Programs Based on XMOS ISA-Level Models. In: Gupta Gopal, Peña Ricardo, editors. Logic-Based Program Synthesis and Transformation: 23rd International Symposium, LOPSTR 2013, Madrid, Spain, September 18-19, 2013, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 72–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Journal of Aeronautics.

Blog post
Davis Josh. Last Moments Of An Epic Battle Between Two Moose Perfectly Preserved In Ice. IFLScience. Available at Accessed October 30, 2018, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The Impact of Budget Cuts on Three Directorates of the National Science Foundation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee Byung K. Tracking of truck flows for drayage efficiency analysis. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik James. High-Tech Hospital, Same Old Story. New York Times 2016:C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Journal of Aeronautics
ISSN (print)1000-9361
ScopeAerospace Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

Other styles