How to format your references using the Chinese Journal of Aeronautics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Journal of Aeronautics (CJA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ransohoff Richard M. Physiology. Good barriers make good neighbors. Science 2014;346(6205):36–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nilsen Timothy W., Graveley Brenton R. Expansion of the eukaryotic proteome by alternative splicing. Nature 2010;463(7280):457–63.
A journal article with 3 authors
Clayton J. D., Kyriacou C. P., Reppert S. M. Keeping time with the human genome. Nature 2001;409(6822):829–31.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chen W. J., Zheng Yue, Xiong W. M., Feng Xue, Wang Biao, Wang Ying. Effect of mechanical loads on stability of nanodomains in ferroelectric ultrathin films: towards flexible erasing of the non-volatile memories. Sci Rep 2014;4:5339.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Toy Mehmet. Networks and Services. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Lazakidou Athina, editor. Web-Based Applications in Healthcare and Biomedicine. vol. 7. 1st ed. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Hinchliffe Taylor E., Xia Ying. Developmental Distribution of the δ-Opioid Receptor in Mammalian Brains. In: Xia Ying, editor. Neural Functions of the Delta-Opioid Receptor. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 89–115.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Journal of Aeronautics.

Blog post
Davis Josh. Hydroelectric Dams Drastically Reduce Biodiversity. IFLScience. Available at Accessed October 30, 2018, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. A Working Glossary of Computer Software Terms. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pena Homero. Long-Term Effects of Post-Fire Forest Structure on Understory Vegetation in Larch Forests of the Siberian Arctic. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Buckley Chris. Tycoon’s Claims Reverberate in China Despite Censorship and Thin Evidence. New York Times 2017:A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Journal of Aeronautics
ISSN (print)1000-9361
ScopeAerospace Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

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