How to format your references using the Chinese Journal of Aeronautics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Journal of Aeronautics (CJA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dolgin Elie. Research technique: the murine candidate. Nature 2011;474(7350):S14-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sahakian Barbara, Morein-Zamir Sharon. Professor’s little helper. Nature 2007;450(7173):1157–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu Zhaoping, Neff Robert A., Berg Darwin K. Sequential interplay of nicotinic and GABAergic signaling guides neuronal development. Science 2006;314(5805):1610–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jiang Zhi Hao, Lin Lan, Ma Ding, Yun Seokho, Werner Douglas H., Liu Zhiwen, et al. Broadband and wide field-of-view plasmonic metasurface-enabled waveplates. Sci Rep 2014;4:7511.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khoei Amir R. Extended Finite Element Method. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Schwenker Friedhelm, Trentin Edmondo, editors. Partially Supervised Learning: First IAPR TC3 Workshop, PSL 2011, Ulm, Germany, September 15-16, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. vol. 7081. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Wilbanks Thomas J., Fernandez Steven. Urban Systems As Place-Based Foci For Infrastructure Interactions. In: Wilbanks Thomas J., Fernandez Steven, editors. Climate Change and Infrastructure, Urban Systems, and Vulnerabilities. Washington, DC: Island Press/Center for Resource Economics; 2014. p. 41–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Journal of Aeronautics.

Blog post
Andrew Danielle. Awesome Science Parody Of Taylor Swift Song. IFLScience. Available at Accessed October 30, 2018, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Farmers Home Administration’s ADP Development Project--Current Status and Unresolved Problems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schluter Kevin Thomas. Hearing words without structure: Subliminal speech priming and the organization of the Moroccan Arabic lexicon. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) Sophia Kishkovsky. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Officers Cleared Of Chechen Deaths. New York Times 2005:A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Journal of Aeronautics
ISSN (print)1000-9361
ScopeAerospace Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

Other styles