How to format your references using the Chinese Journal of Aeronautics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Journal of Aeronautics (CJA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sandidge Jamel S. Arachnology: scavenging by brown recluse spiders. Nature 2003;426(6962):30.
A journal article with 2 authors
Premkumar L. S., Ahern G. P. Induction of vanilloid receptor channel activity by protein kinase C. Nature 2000;408(6815):985–90.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lowman Margaret, D’Avanzo Charlene, Brewer Carol. Ecology. A national ecological network for research and education. Science 2009;323(5918):1172–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Coull Jeffrey A. M., Beggs Simon, Boudreau Dominic, Boivin Dominick, Tsuda Makoto, Inoue Kazuhide, et al. BDNF from microglia causes the shift in neuronal anion gradient underlying neuropathic pain. Nature 2005;438(7070):1017–21.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cobb Kelton. The Blackwell Guide to Theology and Popular Culture. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
Ćulibrk Dubravko. Sensing Technologies For Precision Irrigation. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Marín-Arroyo Ana B. New Opportunities for Previously Excavated Sites: Paleoeconomy as a Human Evolutionary Indicator at Tabun Cave (Israel). In: Clark Jamie L., Speth John D., editors. Zooarchaeology and Modern Human Origins: Human Hunting Behavior during the Later Pleistocene. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013. p. 59–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Journal of Aeronautics.

Blog post
Andrews Robin. Can You Pass A High School Health Class Quiz On Nutrition? IFLScience. Available at Accessed October 30, 2018, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NASA Aeronautics: Efforts to Preserve U.S. Leadership in the Aeronautics Industry Are Limited. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beck Alexander J. Determining Bed Failure Depth in Unconsolidated Submarine Sediments Using Particles in Cell Numerical Modeling. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh Mary Williams. New York Investigates Insurer Payments to Banks. New York Times 2012:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Journal of Aeronautics
ISSN (print)1000-9361
ScopeAerospace Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

Other styles