How to format your references using the Neuroimaging Clinics of North America citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuroimaging Clinics of North America (NIC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Montgomery M. H. Astronomy. Shooting for the stars. Science 2011;332(6026):180–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Changeux Jean-Pierre, Edelstein Stuart J. Allosteric mechanisms of signal transduction. Science 2005;308(5727):1424–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Yudkovsky N., Ranish J. A., Hahn S. A transcription reinitiation intermediate that is stabilized by activator. Nature 2000;408(6809):225–9.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Du Luping, Lei Dang Yuan, Yuan Guanghui, et al. Mapping plasmonic near-field profiles and interferences by surface-enhanced Raman scattering. Sci Rep 2013;3:3064.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Meyer Veronika R. Pitfalls and Errors of HPLC in Pictures. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2013.
An edited book
1
Beek Maurice H. Ter, Lohmann Niels, editors. Web Services and Formal Methods: 9th International Workshop, WS-FM 2012, Tallinn, Estonia, September 6-7, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. vol. 7843. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Aiyer Amitanand S., Alvisi Lorenzo, Bazzi Rida A. Bounded Wait-Free Implementation of Optimally Resilient Byzantine Storage Without (Unproven) Cryptographic Assumptions. In: Pelc Andrzej, editor. Distributed Computing: 21st International Symposium, DISC 2007, Lemesos, Cyprus, September 24-26, 2007. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 7–19.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuroimaging Clinics of North America.

Blog post
1
Hamilton Kristy. How Much Is The Human Body Worth? IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/how-much-human-body-worth/. Accessed October 30, 2018, 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Managing for Results: Observations on NASA’s Fiscal Year 1999 Performance Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Breckheimer Ian. Mapping habitat quality in conservation’s neglected geography. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Eligon John. A Black-and-White Issue. New York Times 2017:AR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroimaging Clinics of North America
AbbreviationNeuroimaging Clin. N. Am.
ISSN (print)1052-5149
ISSN (online)1557-9867
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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