How to format your references using the Standards in Genomic Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Standards in Genomic Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Patenaude G. Climate class for business schools. Nature. 2010;466:30.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Yaghoubi A, Mélinon P. Tunable synthesis and in situ growth of silicon-carbon mesostructures using impermeable plasma. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1083.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Feng S, Jacobsen SE, Reik W. Epigenetic reprogramming in plant and animal development. Science. 2010;330:622–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Young G, Hundt N, Cole D, Fineberg A, Andrecka J, Tyler A, et al. Quantitative mass imaging of single biological macromolecules. Science. 2018;360:423–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Pohanish RP. HazMat Data. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1. Reimer H, Pohlmann N, Schneider W, editors. ISSE 2014 Securing Electronic Business Processes: Highlights of the Information Security Solutions Europe 2014 Conference. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Schuetze HJ, Antecol H. Immigration, Entrepreneurship and the Venture Start-up Process. In: Parker S, editor. The Life Cycle of Entrepreneurial Ventures. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006. p. 107–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Standards in Genomic Sciences.

Blog post
1. Taub B. It’s Going To Take Another 300 Years To Discover All 16,000 Amazonian Tree Species [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/its-going-to-take-another-300-years-to-discover-all-16000-amazonian-tree-species/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Health Information Technology: Early Efforts Initiated but Comprehensive Privacy Approach Needed for National Strategy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 Jan. Report No.: GAO-07-238.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Fisher JD. A profile of the chief student affairs officers of the California State University system [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Ryerson J. University Presses. New York Times. 2017 May 4;BR31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleStandards in Genomic Sciences
AbbreviationStand. Genomic Sci.
ISSN (online)1944-3277
ScopeGenetics

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