How to format your references using the Standards in Genomic Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Standards in Genomic Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. O’Neill LAJ. Plant science. Innate immunity in plants goes to the PUB. Science. 2011;332:1386–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Falkowski PG, Isozaki Y. Geology. The story of O2. Science. 2008;322:540–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Friedberg EC, Wagner R, Radman M. Specialized DNA polymerases, cellular survival, and the genesis of mutations. Science. 2002;296:1627–30.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Barker S, Diz P, Vautravers MJ, Pike J, Knorr G, Hall IR, et al. Interhemispheric Atlantic seesaw response during the last deglaciation. Nature. 2009;457:1097–102.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Hofmeyr GJ, Neilson JP, Alfirevic Z, Crowther CA, Gülmezoglu AM, Hodnett ED, et al. A Cochrane Pocketbook: Pregnancy and Childbirth. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
1. Meersman R, Panetto H, Dillon T, Eder J, Bellahsene Z, Ritter N, et al., editors. On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems: OTM 2013 Conferences: Confederated International Conferences: CoopIS, DOA-Trusted Cloud, and ODBASE 2013, Graz, Austria, September 9-13, 2013. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. van de Heetkamp A, Tusveld R. The Content of the FTA Text and Its Range. In: Tusveld R, editor. Origin Management: Rules of Origin in Free Trade Agreements. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 49–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Standards in Genomic Sciences.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Expedition Reveals How The Dinosaur-Killing Asteroid Shook And Shaped The Earth. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Airport Noise Grants: FAA Needs to Better Ensure Project Eligibility and Improve Strategic Goal and Performance Measures. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012 Sep. Report No.: GAO-12-890.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Cornelius J. Five Minute Meditation Used to Impact Workplace Meetings [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. Searching for the Mainstream. New York Times. 2017 Feb 1;A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleStandards in Genomic Sciences
AbbreviationStand. Genomic Sci.
ISSN (online)1944-3277
ScopeGenetics

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