How to format your references using the Standards in Genomic Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Standards in Genomic Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Gavrilets S. Rapid evolution of reproductive barriers driven by sexual conflict. Nature. 2000;403:886–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Sun Z-W, Allis CD. Ubiquitination of histone H2B regulates H3 methylation and gene silencing in yeast. Nature. 2002;418:104–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Trainor PA, Ariza-McNaughton L, Krumlauf R. Role of the isthmus and FGFs in resolving the paradox of neural crest plasticity and prepatterning. Science. 2002;295:1288–91.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Lee A-H, Scapa EF, Cohen DE, Glimcher LH. Regulation of hepatic lipogenesis by the transcription factor XBP1. Science. 2008;320:1492–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. El-Haik BS. Axiomatic Quality. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1. Emmer M, editor. Matematica e Cultura 2006. Milano: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Décary-Hétu D, Dupont B, Fortin F. Policing the Hackers by Hacking Them: Studying Online Deviants in IRC Chat Rooms. In: Masys AJ, editor. Networks and Network Analysis for Defence and Security. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 63–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Standards in Genomic Sciences.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Scientists Identify Genetic Difference Between Early Risers And Late Sleepers. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Research: Information on FAA’s Research, Engineering, and Development Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Apr. Report No.: RCED-89-122FS.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Jones C. Evolutionary changes in development associated with a transition in larval nutritional mode in spiralians [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly DA. How to Get the Best Rate (and Avoid Fees). New York Times. 2006 Jun 25;TR6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleStandards in Genomic Sciences
AbbreviationStand. Genomic Sci.
ISSN (online)1944-3277
ScopeGenetics

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