How to format your references using the Standards in Genomic Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Standards in Genomic Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Sasai Y. Cytosystems dynamics in self-organization of tissue architecture. Nature. 2013;493:318–26.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Altshuler DL, Clark CJ. Ecology and evolution. Darwin’s hummingbirds. Science. 2003;300:588–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Blaser E, Pylyshyn ZW, Holcombe AO. Tracking an object through feature space. Nature. 2000;408:196–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Kepecs A, Uchida N, Zariwala HA, Mainen ZF. Neural correlates, computation and behavioural impact of decision confidence. Nature. 2008;455:227–31.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Tannenbaum LV. Alternative Ecological Risk Assessment. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1. Trausan-Matu S, Boyer KE, Crosby M, Panourgia K, editors. Intelligent Tutoring Systems: 12th International Conference, ITS 2014, Honolulu, HI, USA, June 5-9, 2014. Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Kuehn S. The Dragon in Transcultural Skies: Its Celestial Aspect in the Medieval Islamic World. In: Gutschow N, Weiler K, editors. Spirits in Transcultural Skies: Auspicious and Protective Spirits in Artefacts and Architecture Between East and West. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 71–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Standards in Genomic Sciences.

Blog post
1. Hamilton K. So You Want To Build A Death Star? Here’s How To Get Started [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/physics/so-you-want-to-build-a-death-star-heres-how-to-get-started/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Surface Transportation: Competitive Grant Programs Could Benefit from Increased Performance Focus and Better Documentation of Key Decisions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011 Mar. Report No.: GAO-11-234.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Pasricha LA. North African women in Spain: Dreams and reality, identity and belonging [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Stewart JB. Major Hurdle in Tax Overhaul: The Breaks in Trump’s Own Field. New York Times. 2017 Apr 22;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleStandards in Genomic Sciences
AbbreviationStand. Genomic Sci.
ISSN (online)1944-3277
ScopeGenetics

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