How to format your references using the Public Health Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Public Health Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Wright J. Epigenetics: reversible tags. Nature. 2013;498:S10-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Mühlenbruch B, Jochimsen MA. Research policy: Only wholesale reform will bring equality. Nature. 2013;495:40–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Oganov AR, Brodholt JP, Price GD. The elastic constants of MgSiO3 perovskite at pressures and temperatures of the Earth’s mantle. Nature. 2001;411:934–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Mocuta C, Reichert H, Mecke K, Dosch H, Drakopoulos M. Scaling in the time domain: universal dynamics of order fluctuations in Fe3Al. Science. 2005;308:1287–91.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Loriaux DL. A Biographical History of Endocrinology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1. Kwuida L, Sertkaya B, editors. Formal Concept Analysis: 8th International Conference, ICFCA 2010, Agadir, Morocco, March 15-18, 2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Ching W-K, Huang X, Ng MK, Siu T-K. Markov Decision Processes for Customer Lifetime Value. In: Huang X, Ng MK, Siu T-K, editors. Markov Chains: Models, Algorithms and Applications. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2013. p. 107–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Public Health Reviews.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. The Threat To The World’s Largest Wild Animals Is Much Greater Than We Thought [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/the-threat-to-the-worlds-largest-wild-animals-is-much-greater-than-we-thought/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Weather Forecasting: National Weather Service Is Planning to Improve Service and Gain Efficiency, but Impacts of Potential Changes Are Not Yet Known. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006 Jul. Report No.: GAO-06-792.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Necaise KW. Effects of soybean-derived phytoestrogens on reproductive tract development in neonatal male and female pigs: Animal model for the human infant [Doctoral dissertation]. [Mississippi State, MS]: Mississippi State University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Hubbard B. At a ‘Defense’ Expo, an Antiseptic World of Weaponry. New York Times. 2017 Feb 23;A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePublic Health Reviews
AbbreviationPublic Health Rev.
ISSN (online)2107-6952
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Community and Home Care

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