How to format your references using the Public Health Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Public Health Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Abbott A. Babies’ cancer screens “not needed.” Nature. 2002;416:356.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Bae B-I, Walsh CA. Neuroscience. What are mini-brains? Science. 2013;342:200–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Li L, Dudin YO, Kuzmich A. Entanglement between light and an optical atomic excitation. Nature. 2013;498:466–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Fitzer SC, Phoenix VR, Cusack M, Kamenos NA. Ocean acidification impacts mussel control on biomineralisation. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6218.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Turner JE, Downing DJ, Bogard JS. Statistical Methods in Radiation Physics. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2012.
An edited book
1. Allahbadia GN, Morimoto Y, editors. Ovarian Stimulation Protocols. 1st ed. 2016. New Delhi: Springer India; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Cahill J, Strawn N. Algebraic Geometry and Finite Frames. In: Casazza PG, Kutyniok G, editors. Finite Frames: Theory and Applications. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser; 2013. p. 141–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Public Health Reviews.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Does Education Give You Brain Cancer? IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. High Performance Computing and Communications: New Program Direction Would Benefit from a More Focused Effort. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Nov. Report No.: AIMD-95-6.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Yalof B. Marshaling Resources: A Classic Grounded Theory Study of Online Learners [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Stevenson A, Goldstein M. Fund Manager Facing Charges Is Found Dead at Home. New York Times. 2016 Jun 22;B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePublic Health Reviews
AbbreviationPublic Health Rev.
ISSN (online)2107-6952
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Community and Home Care

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