How to format your references using the Public Health Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Public Health Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Slonczewski J. Tuberculosis bacteria join UN. Nature. 2000;405:1001.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Tercero JA, Diffley JF. Regulation of DNA replication fork progression through damaged DNA by the Mec1/Rad53 checkpoint. Nature. 2001;412:553–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Moreira JA, Pacheco JM, Santos FC. Evolution of collective action in adaptive social structures. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1521.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Cummings DAT, Irizarry RA, Huang NE, Endy TP, Nisalak A, Ungchusak K, et al. Travelling waves in the occurrence of dengue haemorrhagic fever in Thailand. Nature. 2004;427:344–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Rowlinson M. A Practical Guide to the NEC3 Engineering and Construction Contract. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
1. Homedes N, Ugalde A, editors. Clinical Trials in Latin America: Where Ethics and Business Clash. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Chao N-H, Liao IC. Sustainable Approaches for Aquaculture Development: Looking Ahead Through Lessons in the Past. In: Bert TM, editor. Ecological and Genetic Implications of Aquaculture Activities. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007. p. 73–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Public Health Reviews.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Genome Editing Poses Ethical Problems That We Cannot Ignore. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Routine Disclosure of Broadcaster Financial Records. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980 Mar. Report No.: 111721.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Riley JM. Was Sloth the Ultimate Slow Food? An Archaeological Examination of Padre Nuestro Cavern, Dominican Republic [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Walsh MW. State Bonds In Jeopardy As Tobacco Cash Fades. New York Times. 2012 May 4;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePublic Health Reviews
AbbreviationPublic Health Rev.
ISSN (online)2107-6952
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Community and Home Care

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