How to format your references using the Public Health Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Public Health Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Lloyd S. Ultimate physical limits to computation. Nature. 2000;406:1047–54.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Inchausti P, Halley J. Investigating long-term ecological variability using the Global Population Dynamics Database. Science. 2001;293:655–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Hayes M, Scarlata C, Siana B. Central powering of the largest Lyman-α nebula is revealed by polarized radiation. Nature. 2011;476:304–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Neuser K, Triphan T, Mronz M, Poeck B, Strauss R. Analysis of a spatial orientation memory in Drosophila. Nature. 2008;453:1244–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Adamowicz Z, Zbierski P. Logic of Mathematics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1997.
An edited book
1. Lamour R. Differential-Algebraic Equations: A Projector Based Analysis. März R, Tischendorf C, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Rehm G, Uszkoreit H. Despre Meta-Net. In: Rehm G, Uszkoreit H, editors. The Romanian Language in the Digital Age. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 40–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Public Health Reviews.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Elon Musk Wants To Bring The Internet To Mars, Ready For Colonization [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/elon-musk-wants-bring-internet-mars-ready-colonization/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Food Assistance: Computerized Information Matching Could Reduce Fraud and Abuse in the Food Stamp Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 Aug. Report No.: T-RCED-98-254.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Valenzuela J. Medicare advantage’s population make-up and its impact on the future of Medicare financing [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Pilon M. On Tulsa’s Long-Shot Olympic Pitch, Mayor and Others Say Never Mind. New York Times. 2013 Jul 4;B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePublic Health Reviews
AbbreviationPublic Health Rev.
ISSN (online)2107-6952
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Community and Home Care

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