How to format your references using the Public Health Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Public Health Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Dajani R. Why I teach evolution to Muslim students. Nature. 2015;520:409.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Bininda-Emonds ORP, Purvis A. Comment on “Impacts of the Cretaceous Terrestrial Revolution and KPg extinction on mammal diversification.” Science. 2012;337:34; author reply 34.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Rossa FD, Dercole F, Piccardi C. Profiling core-periphery network structure by random walkers. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1467.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Bolotin KI, Ghahari F, Shulman MD, Stormer HL, Kim P. Observation of the fractional quantum Hall effect in graphene. Nature. 2009;462:196–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Stenholm S, Suominen K-A. Quantum Approach to Informatics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1. Candela G. The Economics of Tourism Destinations. Figini P, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Lazenby AJ. Diverticular Colitis. In: Chhieng DC, Siegal GP, editors. Updates in Diagnostic Pathology. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2005. p. 30–4.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Public Health Reviews.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. No, that’s not a video of a bee rescuing its friend from a spider. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Laboratory Research: State of Tennessee Exempts DOE’s Spallation Neutron Source Project From Sales and Use Taxes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000 Mar. Report No.: RCED-00-99R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Chhun S. Assessing the role of vacuolar trafficking in fifteen candidate env genes at the late endosome to vacuole interface in S. cerevisiae [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Crow K. Where Culture and Traffic Intersect, a Dispute. New York Times. 2002 Feb 17;146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePublic Health Reviews
AbbreviationPublic Health Rev.
ISSN (online)2107-6952
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Community and Home Care

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