How to format your references using the Psychological Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychological Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kupferschmidt, K. (2015). Global health. Report prescribes strong medicine for WHO. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6245), 223–224.
A journal article with 2 authors
Price, D. J., & Rosswog, S. (2006). Producing ultrastrong magnetic fields in neutron star mergers. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5774), 719–722.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aravind, L., Dixit, V. M., & Koonin, E. V. (2001). Apoptotic molecular machinery: vastly increased complexity in vertebrates revealed by genome comparisons. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5507), 1279–1284.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Adrian, L., Szewzyk, U., Wecke, J., & Görisch, H. (2000). Bacterial dehalorespiration with chlorinated benzenes. Nature, 408(6812), 580–583.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Featherstone, H., & Holt, E. (2011). Small Animal Ophthalmology. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Robinson, S., & Sleight, S. (Eds.). (2016). Children, Childhood and Youth in the British World. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Campbell-Kelly, M. (2011). From Theory to Practice: The Invention of Programming, 1947-51. In C. B. Jones & J. L. Lloyd (Eds.), Dependable and Historic Computing: Essays Dedicated to Brian Randell on the Occasion of His 75th Birthday (pp. 23–37). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychological Studies.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, June 15). New Research Shows How The Iron Curtain Blocked The Spread Of HIV To The East. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Amtrak: Deteriorated Financial and Operating Conditions (No. T-RCED-95-90). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dawood, A. A. (2010). Relationship between mental health and treatment seeking in an urban Muslim community (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herrman, J. (2016, July 25). In Media Company Advertising, Sponsored Content Is Becoming King. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kupferschmidt 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Kupferschmidt 2015; Price and Rosswog 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Price and Rosswog 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Adrian et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychological Studies
AbbreviationPsychol. Stud. (Mysore)
ISSN (print)0033-2968
ISSN (online)0974-9861
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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