How to format your references using the Psychological Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychological Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Henrich, J. (2014). Psychology. Rice, psychology, and innovation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6184), 593–594.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nudds, R. L., & Dyke, G. J. (2010). Narrow primary feather rachises in Confuciusornis and Archaeopteryx suggest poor flight ability. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5980), 887–889.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mora, C., Danovaro, R., & Loreau, M. (2014). Alternative hypotheses to explain why biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationships are concave-up in some natural ecosystems but concave-down in manipulative experiments. Scientific reports, 4, 5427.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Boström, K. J., de Lussanet, M. H. E., Weiss, T., Puta, C., & Wagner, H. (2014). A computational model unifies apparently contradictory findings concerning phantom pain. Scientific reports, 4, 5298.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang, Q. (2013). Practical Design of Magnetostatic Structure Using Numerical Simulation. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd.
An edited book
Sarkar, F. H. (Ed.). (2014). MicroRNA Targeted Cancer Therapy. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Martini, L. C. (2015). Introducing the Dimensional Continuous Space–Time Theory. In F. L. Gaol, K. Shrivastava, & J. Akhtar (Eds.), Recent Trends in Physics of Material Science and Technology (pp. 49–65). Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychological Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 3). Barriers, Canals And Fake Islands: How We Can Save Cities From Rising Sea Levels. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Education and Employment Issue Area Plan--Fiscal Years 1995-96 (No. IAP-95-32). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reynolds, P. E. (2012). Learning the Ropes: A Grounded Theory Study of Children Crossing Cultures (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mazzetti, M., & Hubbard, B. (2016, October 15). Rise of Young Prince Shatters Decades of Saudi Royal Tradition. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Henrich 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Henrich 2014; Nudds and Dyke 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nudds and Dyke 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Boström et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychological Studies
AbbreviationPsychol. Stud. (Mysore)
ISSN (print)0033-2968
ISSN (online)0974-9861
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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