How to format your references using the Psychological Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychological Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chamberlain, J. S. (2012). Genetics. A genetic intervention stands a skip away from clinical tests. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6113), 1431–1432.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shinbrot, T., & Muzzio, F. J. (2001). Noise to order. Nature, 410(6825), 251–258.
A journal article with 3 authors
Taniguchi, H., Lu, J., & Huang, Z. J. (2013). The spatial and temporal origin of chandelier cells in mouse neocortex. Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6115), 70–74.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Liu, Q., Rand, T. A., Kalidas, S., Du, F., Kim, H.-E., Smith, D. P., & Wang, X. (2003). R2D2, a bridge between the initiation and effector steps of the Drosophila RNAi pathway. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5641), 1921–1925.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Šolín, P. (2005). Partial Differential Equations and the Finite Element Method. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mourrain, B., Schaefer, S., & Xu, G. (Eds.). (2010). Advances in Geometric Modeling and Processing: 6th International Conference, GMP 2010, Castro Urdiales, Spain, June 16-18, 2010. Proceedings (Vol. 6130). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cerejeiras, P., Chen, Q., Gomes, N., & Hartmann, S. (2016). Compressed Sensing with Nonlinear Fourier Atoms. In S. Bernstein, U. Kähler, I. Sabadini, & F. Sommen (Eds.), Modern Trends in Hypercomplex Analysis (pp. 47–77). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychological Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, April 22). Hubble Space Telescope’s Chief Scientist On What It Took To Get The Project Off The Ground. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). HEAF 1992 Financial Condition (No. HRD-93-21R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gary, J. O. (2011). Women’s social networking: Steps that organize low-technology users with emergency needs (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2017, April 28). Who’s That Knocking on the Door? New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chamberlain 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Chamberlain 2012; Shinbrot and Muzzio 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shinbrot and Muzzio 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychological Studies
AbbreviationPsychol. Stud. (Mysore)
ISSN (print)0033-2968
ISSN (online)0974-9861
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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