How to format your references using the Psychological Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychological Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wodarz, D. (2001). Mechanisms underlying antigen-specific CD8+ T cell homeostasis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5517), 595.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stoneburner, R. L., & Low-Beer, D. (2004). Population-level HIV declines and behavioral risk avoidance in Uganda. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5671), 714–718.
A journal article with 3 authors
Peñuelas, J., Rutishauser, T., & Filella, I. (2009). Ecology. Phenology feedbacks on climate change. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5929), 887–888.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pellegrini, L., Yu, D. S., Lo, T., Anand, S., Lee, M., Blundell, T. L., & Venkitaraman, A. R. (2002). Insights into DNA recombination from the structure of a RAD51-BRCA2 complex. Nature, 420(6913), 287–293.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Xiong, K. (2014). Resource Optimization and Security for Cloud Services. Hoboken, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Xiang, J. (Ed.). (2010). Marine Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Irwin, M. L. (2011). Obesity and Cancer: Epidemiology. In I. G. Fantus (Ed.), Insulin Resistance and Cancer: Epidemiology, Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms and Clinical Implications (pp. 101–110). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychological Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, November 13). This Perfume Repels Mosquitoes. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). D.C. Tuition Assistance Grants: Program May Increase College Choices, but a Few Program Procedures May Hinder Grant Receipt for Some Residents (No. GAO-02-265). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Heffner, M. D. (2017). Informing Decision-Making for Derailments Involving Hazmat: An Analysis of Phmsa Train Accident Data (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2002, December 14). World Briefing | Europe: Russia: U.S. Begins Return Of Soviet Documents. New York Times, p. A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wodarz 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Stoneburner and Low-Beer 2004; Wodarz 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stoneburner and Low-Beer 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Pellegrini et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychological Studies
AbbreviationPsychol. Stud. (Mysore)
ISSN (print)0033-2968
ISSN (online)0974-9861
ScopeGeneral Psychology

Other styles