How to format your references using the Psychological Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychological Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Leonhardt, U. (2011). To invisibility and beyond. Nature, 471(7338), 292–293.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moreira, D., & López-García, P. (2005). Comment on “The 1.2-megabase genome sequence of Mimivirus.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5725), 1114; author reply 1114.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pellizzoni, L., Yong, J., & Dreyfuss, G. (2002). Essential role for the SMN complex in the specificity of snRNP assembly. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5599), 1775–1779.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Malinina, L., Malakhova, M. L., Teplov, A., Brown, R. E., & Patel, D. J. (2004). Structural basis for glycosphingolipid transfer specificity. Nature, 430(7003), 1048–1053.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wilmott, P., & Orrell, D. (2017). The Money Formula. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Borchardt, D., Bogardi, J. J., & Ibisch, R. B. (Eds.). (2016). Integrated Water Resources Management: Concept, Research and Implementation. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Chang, D.-C., Dafni, G., & Sadosky, C. (2005). A Div-Curl Lemma in BMO on a Domain. In I. Sabadini, D. C. Struppa, & D. F. Walnut (Eds.), Harmonic Analysis, Signal Processing, and Complexity: Festschrift in Honor of the 60th Birthday of Carlos A. Berenstein (pp. 55–65). Boston, MA: Birkhäuser.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychological Studies.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, June 14). Curiosity Observes First Transit On Another World. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1980). Areas Needing Improvement in the Adult Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (No. CED-80-138). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Strong, M. (2013). Investigation and Characterization of Features on a Cretaceous-Paleogene Seismic Horizon in Northern Louisiana (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2015, September 15). Hispanic Contingent in Congress Asks Treasury to Prevent ‘Catastrophe’ in Puerto Rico. New York Times, p. B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Leonhardt 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Leonhardt 2011; Moreira and López-García 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Moreira and López-García 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Malinina et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychological Studies
AbbreviationPsychol. Stud. (Mysore)
ISSN (print)0033-2968
ISSN (online)0974-9861
ScopeGeneral Psychology

Other styles