How to format your references using the Studying Teacher Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Studying Teacher Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cuomo, S. (2004). Beyond the ivory tower. The sinews of war: ancient catapults. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5659), 771–772.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bianchi, M. E., & Manfredi, A. A. (2009). Immunology. Dangers in and out. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5922), 1683–1684.
A journal article with 3 authors
Szlufarska, I., Nakano, A., & Vashishta, P. (2005). A crossover in the mechanical response of nanocrystalline ceramics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5736), 911–914.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Facciabene, A., Peng, X., Hagemann, I. S., Balint, K., Barchetti, A., Wang, L.-P., … Coukos, G. (2011). Tumour hypoxia promotes tolerance and angiogenesis via CCL28 and T(reg) cells. Nature, 475(7355), 226–230.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Diamond, D. (2015). Trading as a Business. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Boening, A., Kremer, J.-F., & van Loon, A. (Eds.). (2013). Global Power Europe - Vol. 1: Theoretical and Institutional Approaches to the EU’s External Relations. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Enström, R., & Benson, L. (2016). A Triangulated Appraisal of How Hybrid Activities Develop Students’ Negotiating Self-Confidence. In P. Daly, K. Reid, P. Buckley, & E. Doyle (Eds.), Innovative Business Education Design for 21st Century Learning (pp. 41–54). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Studying Teacher Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, August 12). Identifying And Overcoming Depression. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Discretionary Grants: Further Tightening of Education’s Procedures for Making Awards Could Improve Transparency and Accountability (No. GAO-06-268). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grzeda, S. (2012). Use of Binomial Cluster Analysis in the Identification of Temporary Disaster Debris Management Sites (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. (2017, March 23). U.S. to Face Honduras With a Depleted Roster. New York Times, p. B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cuomo, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Bianchi & Manfredi, 2009; Cuomo, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bianchi & Manfredi, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Szlufarska, Nakano, & Vashishta, 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Facciabene et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleStudying Teacher Education
AbbreviationStud. Teach. Educ.
ISSN (print)1742-5964
ISSN (online)1742-5972

Other styles