How to format your references using the Studying Teacher Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Studying Teacher Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Naldini, L. (2015). Gene therapy returns to centre stage. Nature, 526(7573), 351–360.
A journal article with 2 authors
Huxley, A., & Green, A. G. (2007). Physics. Electrons acquire a split personality in bismuth. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5845), 1694–1695.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cello, J., Paul, A. V., & Wimmer, E. (2002). Chemical synthesis of poliovirus cDNA: generation of infectious virus in the absence of natural template. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5583), 1016–1018.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Brixner, T., Stenger, J., Vaswani, H. M., Cho, M., Blankenship, R. E., & Fleming, G. R. (2005). Two-dimensional spectroscopy of electronic couplings in photosynthesis. Nature, 434(7033), 625–628.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hossain, M. E. (2016). Fundamentals of Drilling Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mackenzie, F. T. (2006). Carbon in the Geobiosphere — Earth’s Outer Shell — (A. Lerman, Ed.; Vol. 25). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Shams, F., & Tribastone, M. (2015). Power Trading Coordination in Smart Grids Using Dynamic Learning and Coalitional Game Theory. In J. Campos & B. R. Haverkort (Eds.), Quantitative Evaluation of Systems: 12th International Conference, QEST 2015, Madrid, Spain, September 1-3, 2015, Proceedings (pp. 54–69). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Studying Teacher Education.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, February 14). The Speed Of Gravity Might Help Us Confirm Dark Energy. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). Information Technology: DHS Needs to Further Define and Implement Its New Governance Process (GAO-12-818). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sylvain, O. (2010). Domesticating “the Great, Throbbing, Common Pulse of America”: A Study of the Ideological Origins of the Radio Act of 1927 [Doctoral dissertation]. Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2016, October 9). A Circle of Hell: the Staff Meeting. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Naldini, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Huxley & Green, 2007; Naldini, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Huxley & Green, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Cello et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Brixner et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleStudying Teacher Education
AbbreviationStud. Teach. Educ.
ISSN (print)1742-5964
ISSN (online)1742-5972

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