How to format your references using the Studying Teacher Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Studying Teacher Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Taylor, M. (2011). Reform the PhD system or close it down. Nature, 472(7343), 261.
A journal article with 2 authors
Elimelech, M., & Phillip, W. A. (2011). The future of seawater desalination: energy, technology, and the environment. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6043), 712–717.
A journal article with 3 authors
Letinic, K., Zoncu, R., & Rakic, P. (2002). Origin of GABAergic neurons in the human neocortex. Nature, 417(6889), 645–649.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lin, Y.-S., Chu, C.-C., Lin, J.-J., Chang, C.-C., Wang, C.-C., Wang, C.-Y., & Tsui, P.-H. (2014). Optical coherence tomography: a new strategy to image planarian regeneration. Scientific Reports, 4, 6316.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marx, F. G., Lambert, O., & Uhen, M. D. (2016). Cetacean Paleobiology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Picot, A. (2015). The Internationalization of German Software-based Companies: Sustainable Growth Strategies for Small and Medium-sized Companies (T. Hess, C. Hörndlein, N. Kaltenecker, C. Jablonka, M. Schreiner, A. Werbik, A. Benlian, R. Neuburger, & B. Gold, Eds.). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Starov, O., Vilkomir, S., Gorbenko, A., & Kharchenko, V. (2015). Testing-as-a-Service for Mobile Applications: State-of-the-Art Survey. In W. Zamojski & J. Sugier (Eds.), Dependability Problems of Complex Information Systems (pp. 55–71). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Studying Teacher Education.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, June 7). Bizarre Horned Ant Preserved In 99-Million-Year-Old Amber. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Joint Simulation Training (NSIAD-94-249R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DeReus, D. L. (2012). The correlation between career anchors and satisfaction - a comparative analysis of multiple affiliations under a single organizational structure [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Benanav, M. (2017, August 28). A Way of Life, Fading Away. New York Times, TR8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Taylor, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Elimelech & Phillip, 2011; Taylor, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Elimelech & Phillip, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Letinic et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lin et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleStudying Teacher Education
AbbreviationStud. Teach. Educ.
ISSN (print)1742-5964
ISSN (online)1742-5972

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