How to format your references using the Studying Teacher Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Studying Teacher Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burns, M. A. (2002). Analytic chemistry. Everyone’s a (future) chemist. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5574), 1818–1819.
A journal article with 2 authors
Engelberg-Kulka, H., & Hazan, R. (2003). Microbiology. Cannibals defy starvation and avoid sporulation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5632), 467–468.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chookajorn, T., Murdoch, H. A., & Schuh, C. A. (2012). Design of stable nanocrystalline alloys. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6097), 951–954.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pagani, M., Zachos, J. C., Freeman, K. H., Tipple, B., & Bohaty, S. (2005). Marked decline in atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations during the Paleogene. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5734), 600–603.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paret, D. (2016). Design Constraints for NFC Devices. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kole, C. (Ed.). (2006). Cereals and Millets (Vol. 1). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zweig, Y. R. (2016). Memory Clinics and Care Management Programs. In M. Boltz & J. E. Galvin (Eds.), Dementia Care: An Evidence-Based Approach (pp. 45–60). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Studying Teacher Education.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, November 3). Cassini Captures Spectacular View Of Sunlight Glinting Off Of Titan’s Seas. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2017). Technology Assessment: Internet of Things: Status and implications of an increasingly connected world (GAO-17-75). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aquino-Centeno, S. (2009). Contesting social memories and identities in the Zapotec Sierra of Oaxaca, Mexico [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, October 15). Dodgers, Mindful of Last Year’s Failure, Start Quickly Against Cubs. New York Times, SP6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Burns, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Burns, 2002; Engelberg-Kulka & Hazan, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Engelberg-Kulka & Hazan, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Chookajorn et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Pagani et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleStudying Teacher Education
AbbreviationStud. Teach. Educ.
ISSN (print)1742-5964
ISSN (online)1742-5972

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