How to format your references using the St. Petersburg Polytechnical University Journal: Physics and Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for St. Petersburg Polytechnical University Journal: Physics and Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Gershon, Proteomics technologies: probing the proteome, Nature. 424 (2003) 581–587.
A journal article with 2 authors
D.L. Shuster, B.P. Weiss, Martian surface paleotemperatures from thermochronology of meteorites, Science. 309 (2005) 594–600.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.P. Walsh, C. Cho, W.M. Cohen, Science and law. View from the bench: patents and material transfers, Science. 309 (2005) 2002–2003.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
F. Nicastro, J. Kaastra, Y. Krongold, S. Borgani, E. Branchini, R. Cen, M. Dadina, C.W. Danforth, M. Elvis, F. Fiore, A. Gupta, S. Mathur, D. Mayya, F. Paerels, L. Piro, D. Rosa-Gonzalez, J. Schaye, J.M. Shull, J. Torres-Zafra, N. Wijers, L. Zappacosta, Observations of the missing baryons in the warm-hot intergalactic medium, Nature. 558 (2018) 406–409.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
K. Idelberger, The World of Footbridges, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2011.
An edited book
S. Alnasseri, ed., Arab Revolutions and Beyond: The Middle East and Reverberations in the Americas, Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
V.F. Pinto, A. Patriarca, G. Pose, Mycotoxins Associated to Fusarium Species that Caused Fusarium Head Blight in Wheat in Latin-America, in: T.M. Alconada Magliano, S.N. Chulze (Eds.), Fusarium Head Blight in Latin America, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2013: pp. 59–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for St. Petersburg Polytechnical University Journal: Physics and Mathematics.

Blog post
B. Taub, Deep Sea Squid Uses Optical Fibers To Create An Invisibility Cloak, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Food and Drug Administration: Effect of User Fees on Drug Approval Times, Withdrawals, and Other Agency Activities, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D.A. Stewart, Principals’ post-observation feedback and its influence on teacher professional growth at two Southern California Catholic high schools, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Montague, A Rare Desert Bloom, New York Times. (2017) B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSt. Petersburg Polytechnical University Journal: Physics and Mathematics
ISSN (print)2405-7223

Other styles