How to format your references using the Computers and Chemical Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computers and Chemical Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Panksepp, J., 2011. Behavior. Empathy and the laws of affect. Science 334, 1358–1359.
A journal article with 2 authors
Denton, M., Marshall, C., 2001. Protein folds: laws of form revisited. Nature 410, 417.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sudhakar, Y.A., Verma, R.K., Pawar, S.C., 2014. Type IV collagen α1-chain noncollagenous domain blocks MMP-2 activation both in-vitro and in-vivo. Sci. Rep. 4, 4136.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Snelgrove, R.J., Jackson, P.L., Hardison, M.T., Noerager, B.D., Kinloch, A., Gaggar, A., Shastry, S., Rowe, S.M., Shim, Y.M., Hussell, T., Blalock, J.E., 2010. A critical role for LTA4H in limiting chronic pulmonary neutrophilic inflammation. Science 330, 90–94.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rezg, N., Hajej, Z., Boschian-Campaner, V., 2016. Production and Maintenance Optimization Problems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bhowmik, S.K., 2013. Financial Inclusion of the Marginalised: Street Vendors in the Urban Economy, India Studies in Business and Economics. Springer India, New Delhi.
A chapter in an edited book
Sheard, T., 2007. Generic Programming in Ωmega, in: Backhouse, R., Gibbons, J., Hinze, R., Jeuring, J. (Eds.), Datatype-Generic Programming: International Spring School, SSDGP 2006, Nottingham, UK, April 24–27, 2006, Revised Lectures, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 258–284.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computers and Chemical Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Watch What Happens When A Ball Of Red-Hot Nickel Is Placed On Floral Foam [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: DEA Has Developed Plans and Established Controls for Business Continuity Planning (No. AIMD-00-8). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Li, X., 2009. Graph-based learning for information systems (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., 2017. How Hulu And ‘Tale’ Revived 2 Careers. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Panksepp, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Denton and Marshall, 2001; Panksepp, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Denton and Marshall, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Snelgrove et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputers and Chemical Engineering
AbbreviationComput. Chem. Eng.
ISSN (print)0098-1354
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Computer Science Applications

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