How to format your references using the Computers and Chemical Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computers and Chemical Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chu, S., 2002. Cold atoms and quantum control. Nature 416, 206–210.
A journal article with 2 authors
Appavoo, K., Haglund, R.F., Jr, 2014. Polarization selective phase-change nanomodulator. Sci. Rep. 4, 6771.
A journal article with 3 authors
Watts, D.J., Dodds, P.S., Newman, M.E.J., 2002. Identity and search in social networks. Science 296, 1302–1305.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lupardus, P.J., Shen, A., Bogyo, M., Garcia, K.C., 2008. Small molecule-induced allosteric activation of the Vibrio cholerae RTX cysteine protease domain. Science 322, 265–268.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lowman, M., 2017. A Practical Guide to Analytics for Governments. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Rockman, M., Flatman, J. (Eds.), 2012. Archaeology in Society: Its Relevance in the Modern World. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Costabile, L.T., Vendrametto, O., de Oliveira Neto, G.C., Neto, M.M., Shibuya, M.K., 2015. Social Network Analysis on Grain Production in the Brazilian Scenario, in: Umeda, S., Nakano, M., Mizuyama, H., Hibino, N., Kiritsis, D., von Cieminski, G. (Eds.), Advances in Production Management Systems: Innovative Production Management Towards Sustainable Growth: IFIP WG 5.7 International Conference, APMS 2015, Tokyo, Japan, September 7-9, 2015, Proceedings, Part I, IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 36–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computers and Chemical Engineering.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Scientists Have Discovered That Stingrays Chew Their Food [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. HHS ADP Procurement: Contracting and Market Share Information (No. IMTEC-90-87FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hannington, R.L., 2011. Power and display in the court music of Augustus the Strong: The influences affecting the composition of Johann David Heinichens’s sinfonias (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B., 2017. Ariana Grande To Perform Benefit. New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chu, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Appavoo and Haglund, 2014; Chu, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Appavoo and Haglund, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Lupardus et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputers and Chemical Engineering
AbbreviationComput. Chem. Eng.
ISSN (print)0098-1354
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Computer Science Applications

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