How to format your references using the Computers and Chemical Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computers and Chemical Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2002. Career prospects in Europe. Nature 419, 3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Melbourne, T.I., Webb, F.H., 2003. Geophysics. Slow but not quite silent. Science 300, 1886–1887.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tewksbury, J.J., Huey, R.B., Deutsch, C.A., 2008. Ecology. Putting the heat on tropical animals. Science 320, 1296–1297.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Takesue, H., Matsuda, N., Kuramochi, E., Notomi, M., 2014. Entangled photons from on-chip slow light. Sci. Rep. 4, 3913.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Coles, A., Hawkins, D.G., 2011. MIDAS Technical Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Chen, J. (Ed.), 2016. Application of Ionic Liquids on Rare Earth Green Separation and Utilization, Green Chemistry and Sustainable Technology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, D.-G., Chen, X., Lin, F., 2015. Solving Probabilistic Discrete Event Systems with Moore–Penrose Generalized Inverse Matrix Method to Extract Longitudinal Characteristics from Cross-Sectional Survey Data, in: Chen, D.-G. (din), Wilson, J. (Eds.), Innovative Statistical Methods for Public Health Data, ICSA Book Series in Statistics. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 81–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computers and Chemical Engineering.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. Doctors May Need To Gender Match Corneal Transplants [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Highlights of a GAO Forum: The Federal Government’s Role in Improving Financial Literacy (No. GAO-05-93SP). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moua, P., 2009. Differential functions of the kinesin-1 tail in Drosophila melanogaster transport processes (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Minder, R., Callimachi, R., 2017. Officials Hunting for a Moroccan Man in the Barcelona Attack Investigation. New York Times A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Melbourne and Webb, 2003; Smaglik, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Melbourne and Webb, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Takesue et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputers and Chemical Engineering
AbbreviationComput. Chem. Eng.
ISSN (print)0098-1354
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Computer Science Applications

Other styles