How to format your references using the Computers and Chemical Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computers and Chemical Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Savage, P.E., 2012. Chemistry. Algae under pressure and in hot water. Science 338, 1039–1040.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rivera, M.C., Lake, J.A., 2004. The ring of life provides evidence for a genome fusion origin of eukaryotes. Nature 431, 152–155.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cramer, P., Bushnell, D.A., Kornberg, R.D., 2001. Structural basis of transcription: RNA polymerase II at 2.8 angstrom resolution. Science 292, 1863–1876.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hamdan, S.M., Loparo, J.J., Takahashi, M., Richardson, C.C., van Oijen, A.M., 2009. Dynamics of DNA replication loops reveal temporal control of lagging-strand synthesis. Nature 457, 336–339.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boillot, M., 2014. Advanced Smart Grids for Distribution System Operators: Volume 1. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Rocca, J., Menoni, C., Marconi, M. (Eds.), 2016. X-Ray Lasers 2014: Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on X-Ray Lasers, 1st ed. 2016. ed, Springer Proceedings in Physics. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Lin, B., Johnson, A., Qian, X., Sanchez, J., Sun, Y., 2013. Simultaneous Tracking, 3D Reconstruction and Deforming Point Detection for Stereoscope Guided Surgery, in: Liao, H., Linte, C.A., Masamune, K., Peters, T.M., Zheng, G. (Eds.), Augmented Reality Environments for Medical Imaging and Computer-Assisted Interventions: 6th International Workshop, MIAR 2013 and 8th International Workshop, AE-CAI 2013, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2013, Nagoya, Japan, September 22, 2013. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 35–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computers and Chemical Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. AI Researchers Should Not Retreat From Battlefield Robots, They Should Engage Them Head-On [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Airline Deregulation: Addressing the Air Service Problems of Some Communities (No. T-RCED-97-187). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Momcheva, I.G., 2009. Environments of strong gravitational lenses (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2016. A Weird Wedding Night. And Then …. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Savage, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Rivera and Lake, 2004; Savage, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rivera and Lake, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Hamdan et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputers and Chemical Engineering
AbbreviationComput. Chem. Eng.
ISSN (print)0098-1354
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Computer Science Applications

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