How to format your references using the Computers and Chemical Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computers and Chemical Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Parak, W.J., 2011. Materials science. Complex colloidal assembly. Science 334, 1359–1360.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gao, G.F., Feng, Y., 2014. On the ground in Sierra Leone. Science 346, 666.
A journal article with 3 authors
Oliveira, R.F., Carneiro, L.A., Canário, A.V.M., 2005. Behavioural endocrinology: no hormonal response in tied fights. Nature 437, 207–208.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mehlmann, L.M., Saeki, Y., Tanaka, S., Brennan, T.J., Evsikov, A.V., Pendola, F.L., Knowles, B.B., Eppig, J.J., Jaffe, L.A., 2004. The Gs-linked receptor GPR3 maintains meiotic arrest in mammalian oocytes. Science 306, 1947–1950.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Epstein, M., 2012. The Elements of Continuum Biomechanics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Gerlach, G., Arndt, K.-F. (Eds.), 2010. Hydrogel Sensors and Actuators: Engineering and Technology, Springer Series on Chemical Sensors and Biosensors, Methods and Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Aho, T., 2016. Reality TV and Its Audiences Reconsidered: Class and Poverty in Undercover Boss (CBS), in: Lemke, S., Schniedermann, W. (Eds.), Class Divisions in Serial Television. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp. 89–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computers and Chemical Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. The Strangest Animals You’ve Never Heard Of [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. Department of Education Grant Award (No. HRD-93-8R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kellogg, A., 2010. Hospital Lean and Six Sigma: Is there a financial benefit? (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hanc, J., 2017. Ideas and Goals, Yes. Walls, No. New York Times F42.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Parak, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Gao and Feng, 2014; Parak, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gao and Feng, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Mehlmann et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputers and Chemical Engineering
AbbreviationComput. Chem. Eng.
ISSN (print)0098-1354
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Computer Science Applications

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