How to format your references using the Journal of Computers in Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computers in Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Laloë, F. (2003). Obituary: Jean Brossel (1918-2003). Nature, 422(6929), 274.
A journal article with 2 authors
Utz, M., & Landers, J. (2010). Chemistry. Magnetic resonance and microfluidics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6007), 1056–1058.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cuello, L. G., Cortes, D. M., & Perozo, E. (2004). Molecular architecture of the KvAP voltage-dependent K+ channel in a lipid bilayer. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5695), 491–495.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
McCune, A. R., Fuller, R. C., Aquilina, A. A., Dawley, R. M., Fadool, J. M., Houle, D., et al. (2002). A low genomic number of recessive lethals in natural populations of bluefin killifish and zebrafish. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5577), 2398–2401.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson, J. C., & Naeim, F. (2012). Basic Structural Dynamics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kowalewski, M. M., Garber, P. A., Cortés-Ortiz, L., Urbani, B., & Youlatos, D. (Eds.). (2015). Howler Monkeys: Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Pyka, A., & Saviotti, P. P. (2011). Economic Growth Through the Emergence of New Sectors. In S. Mann (Ed.), Sectors Matter!: Exploring Mesoeconomics (pp. 55–101). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computers in Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 15). Scientists Observe Radioactive Decay In Action For First Time. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Small Business Research Programs: Agencies Did Not Consistently Comply with Spending and Reporting Requirements (No. GAO-14-567T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tripamer, A. J. (2013). Teacher Perceptions of Teacher Evaluations in the Fort Zumwalt School District (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2014, May 26). Detroit’s Plan to Profit on Its Water, by Selling to Its Neighbors, Looks Half Empty. New York Times, p. A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Laloë 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Laloë 2003; Utz and Landers 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Utz and Landers 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (McCune et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computers in Education
AbbreviationJ. Comput. Educ.
ISSN (print)2197-9987
ISSN (online)2197-9995

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