How to format your references using the Journal of Computers in Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computers in Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gammon, K. (2014). Gene therapy: editorial control. Nature, 515(7526), S11-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Peña, J. L., & Konishi, M. (2001). Auditory spatial receptive fields created by multiplication. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5515), 249–252.
A journal article with 3 authors
Oliveira, E. A., Andrade, J. S., Jr, & Makse, H. A. (2014). Large cities are less green. Scientific reports, 4, 4235.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Shi, M., Lin, X.-D., Chen, X., Tian, J.-H., Chen, L.-J., Li, K., et al. (2018). The evolutionary history of vertebrate RNA viruses. Nature, 556(7700), 197–202.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nikrityuk, P. A. (2011). Computational Thermo-Fluid Dynamics. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Mohammed, S., Moreno, J. C., Kong, K., & Amirat, Y. (Eds.). (2015). Intelligent Assistive Robots: Recent Advances in Assistive Robotics for Everyday Activities (Vol. 106). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Jafarpour, B. (2013). Sparsity-Promoting Solution of Subsurface Flow Model Calibration Inverse Problems. In P. K. Mishra & K. L. Kuhlman (Eds.), Advances in Hydrogeology (pp. 73–94). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computers in Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, September 19). 10 Grossest Facts About The Human Body. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1971). Review of Administration of Selected Aspects of the Student-Tutor Education Program by the National Endowment for the Humanities (No. B-158811). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robertson, O. (2014). Gender and Crew Resource Management: A Phenomenological Qualitative Study (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, October 7). Cubs Open Title Defense With a One-Two Punch by Bryant and Rizzo. New York Times, p. D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gammon 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Gammon 2014; Peña and Konishi 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Peña and Konishi 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Shi et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computers in Education
AbbreviationJ. Comput. Educ.
ISSN (print)2197-9987
ISSN (online)2197-9995

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