How to format your references using the Journal of Computers in Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computers in Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Whitesides, G. M. (2006). The origins and the future of microfluidics. Nature, 442(7101), 368–373.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fu, Y.-X., & Storb, U. (2002). Immunology. Autoreactive B cells migrate into T cell territory. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5589), 2006–2008.
A journal article with 3 authors
AbdAlla, S., Lother, H., & Quitterer, U. (2000). AT1-receptor heterodimers show enhanced G-protein activation and altered receptor sequestration. Nature, 407(6800), 94–98.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Walther, G.-R., Post, E., Convey, P., Menzel, A., Parmesan, C., Beebee, T. J. C., et al. (2002). Ecological responses to recent climate change. Nature, 416(6879), 389–395.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bartley, T. (2011). Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Cancer. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Harris, J. (2008). Combinatorics and Graph Theory. (J. L. Hirst & M. Mossinghoff, Eds.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bachmeier, A., Siritanaratkul, B., & Armstrong, F. A. (2015). Enzymes as Exploratory Catalysts in Artificial Photosynthesis. In E. A. Rozhkova & K. Ariga (Eds.), From Molecules to Materials: Pathways to Artificial Photosynthesis (pp. 99–123). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computers in Education.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, November 7). Arctic Sea Ice Could Disappear By 2045. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Information Technology: State Department Led Overseas Modernization Program Faces Management Challenges (No. GAO-02-41). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alonzo, C. E. (2010). Operation Uniting Families: Family treatment program a grant (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011, March 28). A Usual Suspect Slips Into a Party Owned by Outsiders. New York Times, p. D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Whitesides 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Fu and Storb 2002; Whitesides 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fu and Storb 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Walther et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computers in Education
AbbreviationJ. Comput. Educ.
ISSN (print)2197-9987
ISSN (online)2197-9995

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