How to format your references using the Journal of Product Innovation Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Product Innovation Management (JPIM). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dagotto, E. 2007. PHYSICS. When oxides meet face to face. Science (New York, N.Y.) 318 (5853): 1076–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kutateladze, T., and M. Overduin. 2001. Structural mechanism of endosome docking by the FYVE domain. Science (New York, N.Y.) 291 (5509): 1793–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Levine, D. I., M. W. Toffel, and M. S. Johnson. 2012. Randomized government safety inspections reduce worker injuries with no detectable job loss. Science (New York, N.Y.) 336 (6083): 907–11.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Theobald, J. A., N. S. Oxtoby, M. A. Phillips, N. R. Champness, and P. H. Beton. 2003. Controlling molecular deposition and layer structure with supramolecular surface assemblies. Nature 424 (6952): 1029–31.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mason, R. P. 2013. Trace Metals in Aquatic Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
De Vos, W. H., S. Munck, and J.-P. Timmermans, ed. 2016. Focus on Bio-Image Informatics. Vol. 219. Advances in Anatomy, Embryology and Cell Biology. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Pavlic, T., J. Slay, and B. Turnbull. 2008. Extracting Evidence Using Google Desktop Search. In Advances in Digital Forensics IV, ed. I. Ray and S. Shenoi, 43–50. IFIP — The International Federation for Information Processing. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Product Innovation Management.

Blog post
Hale, T. 2016. The EU Wants To Make All Scientific Papers Free To Access By 2020. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1976. NASA Designation of Their Ames Facility to Be Lead Center for Helicopter Research and Development. LCD-77-301. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roberson, B. N. 2013. Motivation towards learning perceived in Socratic seminar versus traditional lecture. Doctoral dissertation, Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. 2013. Where Medieval Armor Meets the Aquatic. New York Times, September 22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dagotto 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Kutateladze and Overduin 2001; Dagotto 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kutateladze and Overduin 2001)
  • Three authors: (Levine, Toffel, and Johnson 2012)
  • 4 or more authors: (Theobald et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Product Innovation Management
AbbreviationJ. Prod. Innov. Manage.
ISSN (print)0737-6782
ISSN (online)1540-5885
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management

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