How to format your references using the Journal of Product Innovation Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Product Innovation Management (JPIM). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yang, L. H. 2004. Periodical cicadas as resource pulses in North American forests. Science (New York, N.Y.) 306 (5701): 1565–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wyithe, J. S. B., and A. Loeb. 2002. Magnification of light from many distant quasars by gravitational lenses. Nature 417 (6892): 923–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yoshimura, K., Y. Onda, and T. Fukushima. 2014. Sediment particle size and initial radiocesium accumulation in ponds following the Fukushima DNPP accident. Scientific reports 4: 4514.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Prokhorenko, V. I., A. M. Nagy, S. A. Waschuk, L. S. Brown, R. R. Birge, and R. J. D. Miller. 2006. Coherent control of retinal isomerization in bacteriorhodopsin. Science (New York, N.Y.) 313 (5791): 1257–61.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hofmeyr, G. J., J. P. Neilson, Z. Alfirevic, C. A. Crowther, A. M. Gülmezoglu, E. D. Hodnett, G. M. L. Gyte, and L. Duley. 2008. A Cochrane Pocketbook: Pregnancy and Childbirth. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Gjedrem, T. 2009. Selective Breeding in Aquaculture: An Introduction. Edited by Matthew Baranski. Vol. 10. Reviews: Methods and Technologies in Fish Biology and Fisheries. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Vande Wouwer, A., P. Saucez, and C. Vilas. 2014. How to Handle Steep Moving Fronts? In Simulation of ODE/PDE Models with MATLAB®, OCTAVE and SCILAB: Scientific and Engineering Applications, ed. P. Saucez and C. Vilas, 285–337. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Product Innovation Management.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2014. Earth Was Bombarded By Huge Meteorites Constantly Until 3 Billion Years Ago. IFLScience. IFLScience. Available at:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. Essential Air Service: Changes in Passenger Traffic, Subsidy Levels, and Air Carrier Costs. T-RCED-00-185. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kirk, C. 2017. Early Maladaptive Attachment Styles and Psychological Aggression in Romantic Relationships: A Content Analysis, 2006-2016. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Belson, K. 2017. N.F.L. Looks For Daylight Through Anthem Flap. New York Times, September 29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yang 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Wyithe and Loeb 2002; Yang 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wyithe and Loeb 2002)
  • Three authors: (Yoshimura, Onda, and Fukushima 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Prokhorenko et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Product Innovation Management
AbbreviationJ. Prod. Innov. Manage.
ISSN (print)0737-6782
ISSN (online)1540-5885
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management

Other styles