How to format your references using the Journal of Product Innovation Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Product Innovation Management (JPIM). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Levinson, S. C. 2012. Psychology. Kinship and human thought. Science (New York, N.Y.) 336 (6084): 988–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hegerl, G. C., and S. Solomon. 2009. Climate change. Risks of climate engineering. Science (New York, N.Y.) 325 (5943): 955–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Arjona, A., M. Escudero, and C. M. Gómez. 2014. Updating of attentional and premotor allocation resources as function of previous trial outcome. Scientific reports 4: 4526.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Takasu, M. A., M. B. Dalva, R. E. Zigmond, and M. E. Greenberg. 2002. Modulation of NMDA receptor-dependent calcium influx and gene expression through EphB receptors. Science (New York, N.Y.) 295 (5554): 491–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hecht, J. 2008. Understanding Lasers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bozzolo, G., R. D. Noebe, P. B. Abel, and D. R. Vij, ed. 2007. Applied Computational Materials Modeling: Theory, Simulation and Experiment. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Sinha, S., P. C. Pandey, L. K. Sharma, M. S. Nathawat, P. Kumar, and S. Kanga. 2014. Remote Estimation of Land Surface Temperature for Different LULC Features of a Moist Deciduous Tropical Forest Region. In Remote Sensing Applications in Environmental Research, ed. P. K. Srivastava, S. Mukherjee, M. Gupta, and T. Islam, 57–68. Society of Earth Scientists Series. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Product Innovation Management.

Blog post
Taub, B. 2016. Explosive Rage Linked To Decreased Connectivity Between Key Brain Regions. IFLScience. IFLScience. Available at:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. Information Technology: Implementing Best Practices and Reform Initiatives Can Help Improve the Management of Investments. GAO-14-596T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jordan, E. A. 2010. The semiconductor industry and emerging technologies: A study using a modified Delphi method. Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Prochnik, G. 2015. Days of Observance. New York Times, September 6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Levinson 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Hegerl and Solomon 2009; Levinson 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hegerl and Solomon 2009)
  • Three authors: (Arjona, Escudero, and Gómez 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Takasu et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Product Innovation Management
AbbreviationJ. Prod. Innov. Manage.
ISSN (print)0737-6782
ISSN (online)1540-5885
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management

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