How to format your references using the Journal of Product Innovation Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Product Innovation Management (JPIM). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
van de Walle, A. 2014. Melting Mechanisms. Simulations provide a rare look at real melting. Science (New York, N.Y.) 346 (6210): 704–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Miller, A. N., and S. B. Long. 2012. Crystal structure of the human two-pore domain potassium channel K2P1. Science (New York, N.Y.) 335 (6067): 432–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rich, T., R. L. Allen, and A. H. Wyllie. 2000. Defying death after DNA damage. Nature 407 (6805): 777–83.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
He, J.-X., J. M. Gendron, Y. Sun, S. S. L. Gampala, N. Gendron, C. Q. Sun, and Z.-Y. Wang. 2005. BZR1 is a transcriptional repressor with dual roles in brassinosteroid homeostasis and growth responses. Science (New York, N.Y.) 307 (5715): 1634–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Armaroli, N., V. Balzani, and N. Serpone. 2013. Powering Planet Earth. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Singh, M., R. B. Singh, and M. I. Hassan, ed. 2014. Climate Change and Biodiversity: Proceedings of IGU Rohtak Conference, Vol. 1. Advances in Geographical and Environmental Sciences. Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Anzures-García, M., M. J. Hornos, and P. Paderewski-Rodríguez. 2007. Development of Extensible and Flexible Collaborative Applications Using a Web Service-Based Architecture. In Rapid Integration of Software Engineering Techniques: Third International Workshop, RISE 2006, Geneva, Switzerland, September 13-15, 2006. Revised Selected Papers, ed. N. Guelfi and D. Buchs, 66–80. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Product Innovation Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2013. Scientists Develop Beer That Doesn’t Give You A Hangover. IFLScience. IFLScience. Available at:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1980. First Look at Senior Executive Service Performance Awards/NASA. FPCD-80-85. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yu, W. 2012. Impacts of storms and sea-level rise on coastal evolution between two capes: Onslow Bay, North Carolina. Doctoral dissertation, Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barry, E., and S. Kishkovsky. 2014. As Putin’s Popularity Soars, Voices of Opposition Are Being Drowned Out. New York Times, March 16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (van de Walle 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Miller and Long 2012; van de Walle 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Miller and Long 2012)
  • Three authors: (Rich, Allen, and Wyllie 2000)
  • 4 or more authors: (He et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Product Innovation Management
AbbreviationJ. Prod. Innov. Manage.
ISSN (print)0737-6782
ISSN (online)1540-5885
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management

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