How to format your references using the Journal of Product Innovation Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Product Innovation Management (JPIM). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gudmundsson, G. H. 2006. Fortnightly variations in the flow velocity of Rutford Ice Stream, West Antarctica. Nature 444 (7122): 1063–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Philip, N., and A. P. Waters. 2013. Microbiology. Unveiling the malaria parasite’s cloak of invisibility? Science (New York, N.Y.) 340 (6135): 936–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ibarra, R. U., J. S. Edwards, and B. O. Palsson. 2002. Escherichia coli K-12 undergoes adaptive evolution to achieve in silico predicted optimal growth. Nature 420 (6912): 186–9.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Ranero, C. R., J. P. Morgan, K. McIntosh, and C. Reichert. 2003. Bending-related faulting and mantle serpentinization at the Middle America trench. Nature 425 (6956): 367–73.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Clarke, A., A. Thompson, E. Jenkinson, N. Rumsey, and R. Newell. 2013. CBT for Appearance Anxiety. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons.
An edited book
Schrage, N. 2011. Chemical Ocular Burns: New Understanding and Treatments. Edited by François Burgher, Jöel Blomet, Lucien Bodson, Max Gerard, Alan Hall, Patrice Josset, Laurence Mathieu, and Harold Merle. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bettini, L., F. Damiani, M. De Luca, K. Geilmann, and J. Schäfer. 2010. A Calculus for Boxes and Traits in a Java-Like Setting. In Coordination Models and Languages: 12th International Conference, COORDINATION 2010, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, June 7-9, 2010. Proceedings, ed. D. Clarke and G. Agha, 46–60. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Product Innovation Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. New Evidence Suggests Early Mars Had A Vast Ocean. IFLScience. IFLScience. Available at:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Aviation Safety: Efforts to Implement Flight Operational Quality Assurance Programs. RCED-98-10. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hall, S. 2011. The use of art therapy to address psychosocial stress among men living with HIV: A grant proposal project. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. 2017. Returning, and Inspiring the Likes of Spielberg. New York Times, March 30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gudmundsson 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Gudmundsson 2006; Philip and Waters 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Philip and Waters 2013)
  • Three authors: (Ibarra, Edwards, and Palsson 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Ranero et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Product Innovation Management
AbbreviationJ. Prod. Innov. Manage.
ISSN (print)0737-6782
ISSN (online)1540-5885
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management

Other styles