How to format your references using the Journal of Product Innovation Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Product Innovation Management (JPIM). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hemker, K. J. 2004. Materials science. Understanding how nanocrystalline metals deform. Science (New York, N.Y.) 304 (5668): 221–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cullimore, J., and J. Dénarié. 2003. Plant sciences. How legumes select their sweet talking symbionts. Science (New York, N.Y.) 302 (5645): 575–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tomioka, K., M. Yoshimura, and T. Fukui. 2012. A III-V nanowire channel on silicon for high-performance vertical transistors. Nature 488 (7410): 189–92.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Zhang, Y.-Y., Z.-Y. Fu, J. Wei, W. Qi, G. Baituola, J. Luo, Y.-J. Meng, S.-Y. Guo, et al. 2018. A LIMA1 variant promotes low plasma LDL cholesterol and decreases intestinal cholesterol absorption. Science (New York, N.Y.) 360 (6393): 1087–92.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ushakov, I. 2012. Probabilistic Reliability Models. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Idowu, S. O., and W. L. Filho, ed. 2009. Global Practices of Corporate Social Responsibility. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sakio, H., M. Kubo, K. Shimano, and K. Ohno. 2008. Coexistence mechanisms of three riparian species in the upper basin with respect to their life histories, ecophysiology, and disturbance regimes. In Ecology of Riparian Forests in Japan: Disturbance, Life History, and Regeneration, ed. H. Sakio and T. Tamura, 75–90. Tokyo: Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Product Innovation Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. This Font Simulates What It’s Like To Have Dyslexia. IFLScience. IFLScience. Available at:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. Meeting the Aging Aircraft Challenge: Status and Opportunities. T-RCED-89-67. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Domec, B. S. 2017. Development, Characterization, and Resultant Properties of a Carbon, Boron, and Chromium Ternary Diffusion System. Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bowley, G. 2016. You Didn’t Paint This? Prove It. New York Times, July 7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hemker 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Cullimore and Dénarié 2003; Hemker 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cullimore and Dénarié 2003)
  • Three authors: (Tomioka, Yoshimura, and Fukui 2012)
  • 4 or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Product Innovation Management
AbbreviationJ. Prod. Innov. Manage.
ISSN (print)0737-6782
ISSN (online)1540-5885
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management

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