How to format your references using the Sports Coaching Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sports Coaching Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tian, P. (2015). Three giants tighten their grip. Nature, 528(7582), S176-8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Poulain, A. J., & Barkay, T. (2013). Environmental science. Cracking the mercury methylation code. Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6125), 1280–1281.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kwak, K., Cho, K., & Kim, S. (2013). Stable bending performance of flexible organic light-emitting diodes using IZO anodes. Scientific Reports, 3, 2787.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Block, D. L., Bournaud, F., Combes, F., Groess, R., Barmby, P., Ashby, M. L. N., Fazio, G. G., Pahre, M. A., & Willner, S. P. (2006). An almost head-on collision as the origin of two off-centre rings in the Andromeda galaxy. Nature, 443(7113), 832–834.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Swatton, P. J. (2010). Principles of Flight for Pilots. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Herath, D., Kroos, C., & Stelarc (Eds.). (2016). Robots and Art: Exploring an Unlikely Symbiosis. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Breiter, A., Groß, L. M., & Stauke, E. (2013). Computer-Based Large-Scale Assessments in Germany. In D. Passey, A. Breiter, & A. Visscher (Eds.), Next Generation of Information Technology in Educational Management: 10th IFIP WG 3.7 Conference, ITEM 2012, Bremen, Germany, August 5-8, 2012, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 41–54). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sports Coaching Review.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, February 13). Scotland Sees Record-Smashing Numbers Of Dolphins. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). [Comments on Proposed Oregon Purchase of Rail Line With Oil Overcharge Settlement] (B-226517). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Britt, A. L. (2014). The Long-Term Impact of Preschool Education on Student Achievement [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, T. A. (1978, May 14). Solutions to the Urban Crisis. New York Times, New Jersey WeeklyNJ26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tian, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Poulain & Barkay, 2013; Tian, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Poulain & Barkay, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Kwak et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Block et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleSports Coaching Review
AbbreviationSports Coach. Rev.
ISSN (print)2164-0629
ISSN (online)2164-0637

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