How to format your references using the Sports Coaching Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sports Coaching Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wright, G. (2014). Perspective: Synthetic biology revives antibiotics. Nature, 509(7498), S13.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gray, R. D., & Atkinson, Q. D. (2003). Language-tree divergence times support the Anatolian theory of Indo-European origin. Nature, 426(6965), 435–439.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dillingham, M. S., Spies, M., & Kowalczykowski, S. C. (2003). RecBCD enzyme is a bipolar DNA helicase. Nature, 423(6942), 893–897.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ugurlar, D., Howes, S. C., de Kreuk, B.-J., Koning, R. I., de Jong, R. N., Beurskens, F. J., … Gros, P. (2018). Structures of C1-IgG1 provide insights into how danger pattern recognition activates complement. Science (New York, N.Y.), 359(6377), 794–797.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maidl, B., Herrenknecht, M., Maidl, U., & Wehrmeyer, G. (2011). Maschineller Tunnelbau im Schildvortrieb. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Huang, J.-S. (2006). Dirac Operators in Representation Theory. (P. Pandžić, Ed.). Boston, MA: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, Y., Pudota, J. K., & Zhu, Y. (2014). Characterization of Ultrafine Particles and Other Vehicular Pollutants Near an International Bridge in United States – Mexico Border Region. In D. Ramirez, J. Ren, K. D. Jones, & H. Lamm (Eds.), Environmental Sustainability Issues in the South Texas–Mexico Border Region (pp. 43–62). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sports Coaching Review.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, June 20). An Electric Wind Has Stripped Venus Of Its Oceans. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Mass Transit: FTA Needs to Provide Clear Information and Additional Guidance on the New Starts Ratings Process (No. GAO-03-701). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DiPasquale, V. L. (2010). A phenomenological study of industry professionals’ perceptions of ethics in the title insurance industry (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2006, August 30). Women Suddenly Scarce Among Justices’ Clerks. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wright, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Gray & Atkinson, 2003; Wright, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gray & Atkinson, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Dillingham, Spies, & Kowalczykowski, 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ugurlar et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleSports Coaching Review
AbbreviationSports Coach. Rev.
ISSN (print)2164-0629
ISSN (online)2164-0637

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