How to format your references using the Sports Coaching Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sports Coaching Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clayton, D. D. (2000). We have touched the dust from dying stars. Nature, 404(6776), 329.
A journal article with 2 authors
Engelberg-Kulka, H., & Hazan, R. (2003). Microbiology. Cannibals defy starvation and avoid sporulation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5632), 467–468.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gerstner, W., Sprekeler, H., & Deco, G. (2012). Theory and simulation in neuroscience. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6103), 60–65.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Leanhardt, A. E., Pasquini, T. A., Saba, M., Schirotzek, A., Shin, Y., Kielpinski, D., Pritchard, D. E., & Ketterle, W. (2003). Cooling Bose-Einstein condensates below 500 picokelvin. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5639), 1513–1515.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sluga, H. (2011). Wittgenstein. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Selvaggi, S., Vollono, E., & Sicignano, G. (Eds.). (2007). e-Learning: Nuovi strumenti per insegnare, apprendere, comunicare online. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Carneiro, P., Heckman, J. J., & Masterov, D. V. (2005). Understanding the Sources of Ethnic and Racial Wage Gaps and Their Implications for Policy. In L. B. Nielsen & R. L. Nelson (Eds.), Handbook of Employment Discrimination Research: Rights and Realities (pp. 99–136). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sports Coaching Review.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, April 4). Moonwalking Flies! IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Proprietary Schools: Stronger Department of Education Oversight Needed to Help Ensure Only Eligible Students Receive Federal Student Aid (GAO-09-600). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Powell, J. E. (2013). Menasha Litigation: Wake-Up Call or Just A False Alarm [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Slotnik, D. E. (2017, May 2). Kenny Sears, 83, Sharpshooting Forward for the Knicks. New York Times, A28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clayton, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Clayton, 2000; Engelberg-Kulka & Hazan, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Engelberg-Kulka & Hazan, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Gerstner et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Leanhardt et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleSports Coaching Review
AbbreviationSports Coach. Rev.
ISSN (print)2164-0629
ISSN (online)2164-0637

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