How to format your references using the Sports Coaching Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sports Coaching Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koroshetz, W. J. (2014). Perspective: time to tackle blood pressure. Nature, 510(7506), S4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Johnson, E. J., & Goldstein, D. (2003). Medicine. Do defaults save lives? Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5649), 1338–1339.
A journal article with 3 authors
Clevers, H., Loh, K. M., & Nusse, R. (2014). Stem cell signaling. An integral program for tissue renewal and regeneration: Wnt signaling and stem cell control. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6205), 1248012.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Xian, Y., Zhang, P., Lu, X., Pei, X., Wu, S., Xiong, Q., & Ostrikov, K. K. (2013). From short pulses to short breaks: exotic plasma bullets via residual electron control. Scientific Reports, 3, 1599.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kirchner, T. (2016). Merger Arbitrage. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ferronsky, V. I. (2010). Dynamics of the Earth: Theory of the Planet’s Motion Based on Dynamic Equilibrium (S. V. Ferronsky, Ed.; Revised and updated edition of the book in Russian “Dinamika Zemly: Teoria dvizhenija planety na osnovah dinamicheskogo ravnovesia” by S. I. Ferronsky and S. V. Ferronsky, Nauchniy Mir, 2007). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Chelala, P. (2008). A Europe of Values: From Shared History to Common Objectives. In M. Carballo & U. Hjelmar (Eds.), Public Opinion Polling in a Globalized World (pp. 43–59). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sports Coaching Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016, April 26). Why Are We Still Searching For The Loch Ness Monster? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Federal Research: Two Political Science Grants Awarded by the National Science Foundation (RCED-98-91R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zitko, J. A. (2012). Effects of Random Cross-Sectioned Distributions, Fiber Misalignment and Interphases in Three-Dimensional Composite Models on Transverse Shear Modulus [Doctoral dissertation]. University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson, G. (2015, October 20). A Subatomic Existential Crisis. New York Times, D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koroshetz, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Johnson & Goldstein, 2003; Koroshetz, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Johnson & Goldstein, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Clevers et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Xian et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleSports Coaching Review
AbbreviationSports Coach. Rev.
ISSN (print)2164-0629
ISSN (online)2164-0637

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