How to format your references using the Sports Coaching Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sports Coaching Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McBain, C. J. (2012). Neuroscience. Decoding the neuronal Tower of Babel. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6106), 482–483.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wäsch, R., & Cross, F. R. (2002). APC-dependent proteolysis of the mitotic cyclin Clb2 is essential for mitotic exit. Nature, 418(6897), 556–562.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cohen, J. C., Horton, J. D., & Hobbs, H. H. (2011). Human fatty liver disease: old questions and new insights. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6037), 1519–1523.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wu, G., Chen, H., Sun, Y., Li, X., Cui, P., Franchini, C., Wang, J., Chen, X.-Q., & Zhang, Z. (2013). Tuning the vertical location of helical surface states in topological insulator heterostructures via dual-proximity effects. Scientific Reports, 3, 1233.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gilmore, R., & Lefranc, M. (2011). The Topology of Chaos. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Martino, F. (2006). Ecografia dell’apparato osteoarticolare: Anatomia, semeiotica e quadri patologici (E. Silvestri, W. Grassi, & G. Garlaschi, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Krebbers, R. (2013). Aliasing Restrictions of C11 Formalized in Coq. In G. Gonthier & M. Norrish (Eds.), Certified Programs and Proofs: Third International Conference, CPP 2013, Melbourne, VIC, Australia, December 11-13, 2013, Proceedings (pp. 50–65). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sports Coaching Review.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2017, March 10). Study Finds Link Between Gluten-Free Diet And Type 2 Diabetes Risk. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Motor Vehicle Safety: Selected Rulemakings by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (RCED-89-11FS). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tromp, M. (2015). Bayesian monitoring of clinical trials: Examples using conjugate priors [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M. J. (2017, July 20). Activist Fund Cashes Out Of Stake in Whole Foods. New York Times, B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McBain, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (McBain, 2012; Wäsch & Cross, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wäsch & Cross, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Cohen et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleSports Coaching Review
AbbreviationSports Coach. Rev.
ISSN (print)2164-0629
ISSN (online)2164-0637

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