How to format your references using the Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Krakauer, A. H. (2005). Kin selection and cooperative courtship in wild turkeys. Nature, 434(7029), 69–72.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kim, H.-J., & Benner, S. A. (2010). Comment on “The silicate-mediated formose reaction: bottom-up synthesis of sugar silicates.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5994), 902; author reply 902.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, H.-J., Lee, J.-H., & Cho, J.-H. (2014). Antiferromagnetic Slater insulator phase of Na₂IrO₃. Scientific Reports, 4, 5253.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bardgett, R. D., Smith, R. S., Shiel, R. S., Peacock, S., Simkin, J. M., Quirk, H., & Hobbs, P. J. (2006). Parasitic plants indirectly regulate below-ground properties in grassland ecosystems. Nature, 439(7079), 969–972.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Padgett, S. (2014). Profiling the Fraudster. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pina, M., & Gontier, N. (Eds.). (2014). The Evolution of Social Communication in Primates: A Multidisciplinary Approach (Vol. 1). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Lape, P. (2016). The Role of Food Production in Incipient Warfare in Protohistoric Timor Leste. In A. M. VanDerwarker & G. D. Wilson (Eds.), The Archaeology of Food and Warfare: Food Insecurity in Prehistory (pp. 61–73). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, March 25). New 4D Ultrasound Scans Reveal Effects of Smoking on a Fetus. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). 21st Century Challenges: Reexamining the Base of the Federal Government (GAO-05-325SP-CD). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cacciola, J. A. (2010). A quantitative study on retaining leadership talent within a naval aviation squadron [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2007, March 20). Court Hears Whether a Drug Statement Is Protected Free Speech for Students. New York Times, A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Krakauer, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Kim & Benner, 2010; Krakauer, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kim & Benner, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Kim et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Bardgett et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleGroup Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice
AbbreviationGroup Dyn.
ISSN (print)1089-2699
ISSN (online)1930-7802
ScopeApplied Psychology
Social Psychology

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