How to format your references using the Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cohen, J. (2015). Means to an end. Cities, states, and provinces are gearing up to halt their AIDS epidemics—though the definition of success varies. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6245), 226–231.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fukami, T., & Morin, P. J. (2003). Productivity-biodiversity relationships depend on the history of community assembly. Nature, 424(6947), 423–426.
A journal article with 3 authors
Peñuelas, J., Rutishauser, T., & Filella, I. (2009). Ecology. Phenology feedbacks on climate change. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5929), 887–888.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
van Oort, B. E. H., Tyler, N. J. C., Gerkema, M. P., Folkow, L., Blix, A. S., & Stokkan, K.-A. (2005). Circadian organization in reindeer. Nature, 438(7071), 1095–1096.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rainey, L. D. (2010). Confucius & Confucianism. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Bourdin, B. (2008). The Variational Approach to Fracture (G. A. Francfort & J.-J. Marigo, Eds.). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Williams, J. S., de M. Azevedo, G., Bernas, H., & Fortuna, F. (2010). Ion-Beam-Induced Amorphization and Epitaxial Crystallization of Silicon. In H. Bernas (Ed.), Materials Science with Ion Beams (pp. 73–111). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, December 12). Five Trillion Pieces of Plastic are Floating at Sea. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Telecommunications: Issues Related to Competition and Subscriber Rates in the Cable Television Industry (GAO-04-8). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jackson, R. A. (2017). Musculoskeletal Injuries in California Ocean Lifeguards [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2002, January 27). Fight Heats Up Again Over Grassy Bed of Rails. New York Times, 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cohen, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Cohen, 2015; Fukami & Morin, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fukami & Morin, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Peñuelas et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (van Oort et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleGroup Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice
AbbreviationGroup Dyn.
ISSN (print)1089-2699
ISSN (online)1930-7802
ScopeApplied Psychology
Social Psychology

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