How to format your references using the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Klug A. Structural biology and biochemistry. Retrospective: Max Perutz (1914-2002). Science 2002; 295: 2382–2383.
A journal article with 2 authors
Siaj M, McBreen PH. Creating, varying, and growing single-site molecular contacts. Science 2005; 309: 588–590.
A journal article with 3 authors
Qian H, Wang X, Zhang Y. Comment on ‘Disentangling the drivers of β diversity along latitudinal and elevational gradients’. Science 2012; 335: 1573; author reply 1573.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chabrière E, Vernède X, Guigliarelli B, Charon MH, Hatchikian EC, Fontecilla-Camps JC. Crystal structure of the free radical intermediate of pyruvate:ferredoxin oxidoreductase. Science 2001; 294: 2559–2563.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Patterson SJ, Radtke JM. Strategic Communications for Nonprofit Organizations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2009.
An edited book
Fujikawa Y, Nakajima K, Sakurai T (eds.). Frontiers in Materials Research. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Brank EM. Baby Boomers at Work: Growing Older and Working More. In: Wiener RL, Willborn SL (eds). Disability and Aging Discrimination: Perspectives in Law and Psychology. Springer: New York, NY, 2011, pp 93–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

Blog post
Luntz S. Organic Almonds Recalled From Whole Foods For Containing High Levels Of Cyanide. IFLScience. 2014. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Data Mining: Agencies Have Taken Key Steps to Protect Privacy in Selected Efforts, but Significant Compliance Issues Remain. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Learn DT. Differentiating instruction on the basis of cognitive tools: A case study of honors and mainstream middle school classes. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sengupta S, Kishkovsky S. Barred From U.N. Work in Graft Case, Russians Return to Airdrop Aid. New York Times. 2016; : A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Clinical Nutrition
AbbreviationEur. J. Clin. Nutr.
ISSN (print)0954-3007
ISSN (online)1476-5640
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles