How to format your references using the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Rubin DC. Psychology. How quickly we forget. Science 2014; 346: 1058–1059.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Milinski M, Rockenbach B. Economics. Spying on others evolves. Science 2007; 317: 464–465.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Wu B, Chen J, Singer RH. Background free imaging of single mRNAs in live cells using split fluorescent proteins. Sci Rep 2014; 4: 3615.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Fennimore AM, Yuzvinsky TD, Han W-Q, Fuhrer MS, Cumings J, Zettl A. Rotational actuators based on carbon nanotubes. Nature 2003; 424: 408–410.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Baker KR. Optimization Modeling with Spreadsheets. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
1
Drossopoulou S (ed.). Programming Languages and Systems: 17th European Symposium on Programming, ESOP 2008, Held as Part of the Joint European Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2008, Budapest, Hungary, March 29-April 6, 2008. Proceedings. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Dedov VN, Griffiths FM, Garner B, Halliday GM, Double KL. Lipid content determines aggregation of neuromelanin granules in vitro. In: Gerlach M, Deckert J, Double K, Koutsilieri E (eds). Neuropsychiatric Disorders An Integrative Approach. Springer: Vienna, 2007, pp 35–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

Blog post
1
Andrews R. These Maps Reveal How Vulnerable Your State Is To Earthquakes. IFLScience. 2016.https://www.iflscience.com/environment/maps-vulnerable-state-earthquakes/ (accessed 30 Oct2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: NASA Should Better Inform Researchers about How to Appeal Dissemination Decisions. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Swan C. Arts participation and career preparedness: A pragmatic approach to assessing arts benefits. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1
Vecsey G. Fans Voice Frustration, But Mets Leave It Behind. New York Times. 2010; : B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Clinical Nutrition
AbbreviationEur. J. Clin. Nutr.
ISSN (print)0954-3007
ISSN (online)1476-5640
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles