How to format your references using the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Lewis R. Developing themes. Nature 2004; 430: 382–383.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Royer S, Paré D. Conservation of total synaptic weight through balanced synaptic depression and potentiation. Nature 2003; 422: 518–522.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Gravina B, Mellars P, Ramsey CB. Radiocarbon dating of interstratified Neanderthal and early modern human occupations at the Chatelperronian type-site. Nature 2005; 438: 51–56.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Huang J, Hu R, Rozelle S, Pray C. Insect-resistant GM rice in farmers’ fields: assessing productivity and health effects in China. Science 2005; 308: 688–690.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Bachmann H, Steinle A. Precast Concrete Structures. Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG: Berlin, Germany, 2012.
An edited book
1
Chaib-draa B, Müller JP (eds.). Multiagent based Supply Chain Management. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Denny E. The Experience of Living with Endometriosis. In: Ferrari S (ed). Deep Pelvic Endometriosis: A Multidisciplinary Approach. Springer: Milano, 2011, pp 79–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. PLOS ONE To Require Public Access for Data. IFLScience. 2014.https://www.iflscience.com/chemistry/plos-one-require-public-access-data/ (accessed 30 Oct2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Space Station: Status of Efforts to Determine Commercial Potential. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Younis KM. The impact of moral values on ethical practices in environmental management. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Hartman S. Love, Redeployed. New York Times. 2015; : MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Clinical Nutrition
AbbreviationEur. J. Clin. Nutr.
ISSN (print)0954-3007
ISSN (online)1476-5640
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles