How to format your references using the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein M. Protein arrays: growing pains. Nature 2006; 444: 959–962.
A journal article with 2 authors
Humphries MJ, Mould AP. Structure. An anthropomorphic integrin. Science 2001; 294: 316–317.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grottoli AG, Rodrigues LJ, Palardy JE. Heterotrophic plasticity and resilience in bleached corals. Nature 2006; 440: 1186–1189.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Földvári-Nagy L, Ari E, Csermely P, Korcsmáros T, Vellai T. Starvation-response may not involve Atg1-dependent autophagy induction in non-unikont parasites. Sci Rep 2014; 4: 5829.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kompare D. CSI. Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK, 2010.
An edited book
Sethi SP. Inventory and Supply Chain Management with Forecast Updates. Springer US: Boston, MA, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Chhabra A, Geist H, Houghton RA, Haberl H, Braimoh AK, Vlek PLG et al. Multiple Impacts of Land-Use/Cover Change. In: Lambin EF, Geist H (eds). Land-Use and Land-Cover Change: Local Processes and Global Impacts. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006, pp 71–116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

Blog post
Davis J. Global Surge In Renewables As Record Amount Is Invested In Clean Energy Sources. IFLScience. 2016. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Critical Infrastructure Protection: Sector-Specific Plans’ Coverage of Key Cyber Security Elements Varies. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Layne LL. Military leadership: Encouraging enlisted personnel to participate in continuing education. 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
James S. There Goes the Gayborhood. New York Times. 2017; : F6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Clinical Nutrition
AbbreviationEur. J. Clin. Nutr.
ISSN (print)0954-3007
ISSN (online)1476-5640
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles