How to format your references using the Space Science Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Space Science Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. C. Heaven, Science 342, 46 (2013).
A journal article with 2 authors
P. Hinchliffe and L. A. Sazanov, Science 309, 771 (2005).
A journal article with 3 authors
A. Politi, J. C. F. Matthews, and J. L. O’Brien, Science 325, 1221 (2009).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
E. Seifritz, F. Esposito, F. Hennel, H. Mustovic, J. G. Neuhoff, D. Bilecen, G. Tedeschi, K. Scheffler, and F. Di Salle, Science 297, 1706 (2002).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. P. Goldstein, The Psychology of Group Aggression (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2004).
An edited book
V. Boronenkov, Fundamentals of Arc Spraying: Physical and Chemical Regularities, 1st ed. 2016 (Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016).
A chapter in an edited book
N. M. Markovich and U. R. Krieger, in Data Traffic Monitoring and Analysis: From Measurement, Classification, and Anomaly Detection to Quality of Experience, edited by E. Biersack, C. Callegari, and M. Matijasevic (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013), pp. 104–119.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Space Science Reviews.

Blog post
T. Hale, IFLScience (2017).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, NASA Human Space Exploration: Opportunity Nears to Reassess Launch Vehicle and Ground Systems Cost and Schedule (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2016).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B. L. Clemons, A Correlational Study of the Ventures for Excellence Interview-Rating System and First Year Teacher Evaluations, Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Billard, New York Times E5 (2010).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heaven 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Heaven 2013; Hinchliffe and Sazanov 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hinchliffe and Sazanov 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Seifritz et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleSpace Science Reviews
AbbreviationSpace Sci. Rev.
ISSN (print)0038-6308
ISSN (online)1572-9672
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

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