How to format your references using the Space Science Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Space Science Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. M. Sandman, Nature 459, 322 (2009).
A journal article with 2 authors
B. S. Gaut and J. Ross-Ibarra, Science 320, 484 (2008).
A journal article with 3 authors
P. Rohani, X. Zhong, and A. A. King, Science 330, 982 (2010).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L. Hou, X. Pan, Q. Guo, and J.-G. Liu, Sci. Rep. 4, 6560 (2014).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
W. Stanley and B. Pamela, The Complete Guide to Fundraising Management (John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, New Jersey, 2017).
An edited book
E. Greenbaum and D. Zhou, editors , Implantable Neural Prostheses 1: Devices and Applications (Springer US, New York, NY, 2009).
A chapter in an edited book
C. Su, J. Tian, and Y. Chen, in Natural Language Processing and Chinese Computing: Third CCF Conference, NLPCC 2014, Shenzhen, China, December 5-9, 2014. Proceedings, edited by C. Zong, J.-Y. Nie, D. Zhao, and Y. Feng (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014), pp. 46–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Space Science Reviews.

Blog post
E. Andrew, IFLScience (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Government Computer Acquisition Practices (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1972).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. Xiao, Effects of Adsorbates on the Electronic Properties of Graphene, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. B. Stewart, New York Times B1 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sandman 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Gaut and Ross-Ibarra 2008; Sandman 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gaut and Ross-Ibarra 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Hou et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSpace Science Reviews
AbbreviationSpace Sci. Rev.
ISSN (print)0038-6308
ISSN (online)1572-9672
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

Other styles