How to format your references using the Space Science Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Space Science Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Morduch, Science 332, 1271 (2011).
A journal article with 2 authors
A. R. Kimmel and C. A. Parent, Science 300, 1525 (2003).
A journal article with 3 authors
A. Tamsir, J. J. Tabor, and C. A. Voigt, Nature 469, 212 (2011).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. I. Candille, C. B. Kaelin, B. M. Cattanach, B. Yu, D. A. Thompson, M. A. Nix, J. A. Kerns, S. M. Schmutz, G. L. Millhauser, and G. S. Barsh, Science 318, 1418 (2007).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C. R. Engle, K. K. Quagrainie, and M. M. Dey, Seafood and Aquaculture Marketing Handbook (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2016).
An edited book
E. Yahav, editor , Hardware and Software: Verification and Testing: 10th International Haifa Verification Conference, HVC 2014, Haifa, Israel, November 18-20, 2014. Proceedings (Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014).
A chapter in an edited book
A. J. W. Civettini, in Politics and Emotions: The Obama Phenomenon, edited by M. Engelken-Jorge, P. I. Güell, and C. M. del Río (VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, Wiesbaden, 2011), pp. 95–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Space Science Reviews.

Blog post
J. Davis, IFLScience (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Telecommunications: FTS 2000 Cost Comparison (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1996).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Azios, The College Experience of Stuttering: An Ethnographic Study, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Rothenberg, New York Times B14 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Morduch 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Kimmel and Parent 2003; Morduch 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kimmel and Parent 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Candille et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleSpace Science Reviews
AbbreviationSpace Sci. Rev.
ISSN (print)0038-6308
ISSN (online)1572-9672
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

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