How to format your references using the Planetary and Space Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Planetary and Space Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Paulus, M.P., 2007. Decision-making dysfunctions in psychiatry--altered homeostatic processing? Science 318, 602–606.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jiggins, F.M., Hurst, G.D.D., 2011. Microbiology. Rapid insect evolution by symbiont transfer. Science 332, 185–186.
A journal article with 3 authors
Butterworth, B., Varma, S., Laurillard, D., 2011. Dyscalculia: from brain to education. Science 332, 1049–1053.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wei, D., Li, H.-O., Cao, G., Luo, G., Zheng, Z.-X., Tu, T., Xiao, M., Guo, G.-C., Jiang, H.-W., Guo, G.-P., 2013. Tuning inter-dot tunnel coupling of an etched graphene double quantum dot by adjacent metal gates. Sci. Rep. 3, 3175.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rieth, M., Krämer, N., 2016. Hygiene in der Arzneimittelproduktion. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Kuznetsov, S.O., Ślęzak, D., Hepting, D.H., Mirkin, B.G. (Eds.), 2011. Rough Sets, Fuzzy Sets, Data Mining and Granular Computing: 13th International Conference, RSFDGrC 2011, Moscow, Russia, June 25-27, 2011. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Gudehus, T., Kotzab, H., 2012. Potential Analysis, in: Kotzab, H. (Ed.), Comprehensive Logistics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 89–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Planetary and Space Science.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Studies Find Mysterious Link Between Native Americans And Indigenous Australasians [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Amtrak Management: Systemic Problems Require Actions to Improve Efficiency, Effectiveness, and Accountability (No. GAO-06-145). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Seger, J.L., 2017. The Occupy Movement: Signs of Cultural Shifts in Group Processes Shaped by Place (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Casey, N., MacKENNA, E., 2016. Doomed Jet’s Pilot Said to Have Reported ‘Fuel Emergency.’ New York Times A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Paulus, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Jiggins and Hurst, 2011; Paulus, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jiggins and Hurst, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Wei et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePlanetary and Space Science
AbbreviationPlanet. Space Sci.
ISSN (print)0032-0633
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

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