How to format your references using the Planetary and Space Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Planetary and Space Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shelly, D.R., 2010. Migrating tremors illuminate complex deformation beneath the seismogenic San Andreas fault. Nature 463, 648–652.
A journal article with 2 authors
Metrangolo, P., Resnati, G., 2008. Chemistry. Halogen versus hydrogen. Science 321, 918–919.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bouret, S.G., Draper, S.J., Simerly, R.B., 2004. Trophic action of leptin on hypothalamic neurons that regulate feeding. Science 304, 108–110.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Stein, E., Zou, Y., Poo, M., Tessier-Lavigne, M., 2001. Binding of DCC by netrin-1 to mediate axon guidance independent of adenosine A2B receptor activation. Science 291, 1976–1982.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Harrison, R.G., 2014. Meteorological Measurements and Instrumentation. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Williams, J.H., Bokhorst-Heng, W.D. (Eds.), 2016. (Re)Constructing Memory: Textbooks, Identity, Nation, and State. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
König, T., Luig, B., Proksch, S.-O., Slapin, J.B., 2011. Measuring Policy Positions of Veto Players in Parliamentary Democracies, in: König, T., Debus, M., Tsebelis, G. (Eds.), Reform Processes and Policy Change: Veto Players and Decision-Making in Modern Democracies, Studies in Public Choice. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 69–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Planetary and Space Science.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. 55-Million-Year-Old Fossils Hint That Primates First Evolved In India [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1980. Consolidation of American Forces Radio and Television Service--Washington and Los Angeles Broadcasting Facilities (No. LCD-80-54). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Espinoza, E., 2015. Understanding help-seeking behavior among at-risk Latino male high school students (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, R., 1994. “Have One Hard Cry. Then Stanch the Grief.” New York Times 79.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shelly, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Metrangolo and Resnati, 2008; Shelly, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Metrangolo and Resnati, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Stein et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titlePlanetary and Space Science
AbbreviationPlanet. Space Sci.
ISSN (print)0032-0633
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

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