How to format your references using the Planetary and Space Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Planetary and Space Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sadoulet, B., 2007. Particle dark matter in the universe: at the brink of discovery? Science 315, 61–63.
A journal article with 2 authors
Burns, C.G., Burns, C.E., 2014. Development. A crowning achievement for deciphering coronary origins. Science 345, 28–29.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gurley, K.A., Rink, J.C., Sánchez Alvarado, A., 2008. Beta-catenin defines head versus tail identity during planarian regeneration and homeostasis. Science 319, 323–327.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nayak, P.K., Caraveo-Frescas, J.A., Wang, Z., Hedhili, M.N., Wang, Q.X., Alshareef, H.N., 2014. Thin film complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) device using a single-step deposition of the channel layer. Sci. Rep. 4, 4672.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nazarov, V.E., Radostin, A.V., 2014. Nonlinear Acoustic Waves in Micro-inhomogeneous Solids. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Nicolopoulou-Stamati, P., Hens, L., Howard, C.V. (Eds.), 2005. Environmental Health Impacts of Transport and Mobility, Environmental Science and Technology Library. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Gounaris, A., Smith, J., Paton, N.W., Sakellariou, R., Fernandes, A.A.A., Watson, P., 2006. Adapting to Changing Resource Performance in Grid Query Processing, in: Pierson, J.-M. (Ed.), Data Management in Grids: First VLDB Workshop, DMG 2005, Trondheim, Norway, September 2-3, 2005, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 30–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Planetary and Space Science.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Researchers Grow Rat Forelimb in the Lab [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016. Federal Human Resources Data: OPM Should Improve the Availability and Reliability of Payroll Data to Support Accountability and Workforce Analytics (No. GAO-17-127). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Accortt, E.E., 2009. Frontal alpha electroencephalography (EEG) asymmetry as a risk factor for pre-menstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD); a psychophysiological and family history approach (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Novick, S.M., 2015. Authentic Mexican Flavors for Summer. New York Times LI8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sadoulet, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Burns and Burns, 2014; Sadoulet, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Burns and Burns, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Nayak et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePlanetary and Space Science
AbbreviationPlanet. Space Sci.
ISSN (print)0032-0633
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

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