How to format your references using the Planetary and Space Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Planetary and Space Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hilton, D., 2015. Donald Metcalf (1929-2014). Nature 517, 554.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moore, D.E., Rymer, M.J., 2007. Talc-bearing serpentinite and the creeping section of the San Andreas fault. Nature 448, 795–797.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, Y.G., Pagani, M., Liu, Z., 2014. Response to Comment on “A 12-million-year temperature history of the tropical Pacific Ocean.” Science 346, 1467.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Boccaccio, C., Sabatino, G., Medico, E., Girolami, F., Follenzi, A., Reato, G., Sottile, A., Naldini, L., Comoglio, P.M., 2005. The MET oncogene drives a genetic programme linking cancer to haemostasis. Nature 434, 396–400.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pohanish, R.P., 2005. HazMat Data. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Layton, W.J., 2012. Approximate Deconvolution Models of Turbulence: Analysis, Phenomenology and Numerical Analysis, Lecture Notes in Mathematics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, H., Pan, K., Li, S.-Y.R., 2016. Toward a Loss-Free Packet Transmission via Network Coding, in: Qin, Y. (Ed.), Network Coding at Different Layers in Wireless Networks. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 95–115.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Planetary and Space Science.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2017. Watch Four Exoplanets Orbit Their Star In This Amazing Video [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Direct Student Loans: Analyses of Borrowers’ Use of the Income Contingent Repayment Option (No. HEHS-97-155). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schaper, P., 2010. Meaning making: Learning in whistle blowing (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B., 2017. SoundCloud, Former Star In Streaming, Lays Off 173. New York Times B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hilton, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Hilton, 2015; Moore and Rymer, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Moore and Rymer, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Boccaccio et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titlePlanetary and Space Science
AbbreviationPlanet. Space Sci.
ISSN (print)0032-0633
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

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