How to format your references using the Planetary and Space Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Planetary and Space Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Martin, S.J., 2010. Cell biology. Opening the cellular poison cabinet. Science 330, 1330–1331.
A journal article with 2 authors
Atkinson, T., Leeder, M., 2008. Geology. Canyon cutting on a grand time scale. Science 319, 1343–1344.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jeganathan, K.B., Malureanu, L., van Deursen, J.M., 2005. The Rae1-Nup98 complex prevents aneuploidy by inhibiting securin degradation. Nature 438, 1036–1039.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Matsumoto, A., Comatas, K.E., Liu, L., Stamler, J.S., 2003. Screening for nitric oxide-dependent protein-protein interactions. Science 301, 657–661.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stevenson, O., 2008. Neglected Children and Their Families. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Derevensky, J.L., Gupta, R. (Eds.), 2005. Gambling Problems in Youth: Theoretical and Applied Perspectives. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Haines, A.J., Dimitrova, L.L., Wallace, L.M., Williams, C.A., 2015. 1-Dimensional Synthetic Examples, in: Dimitrova, L.L., Wallace, L.M., Williams, C.A. (Eds.), Enhanced Surface Imaging of Crustal Deformation: Obtaining Tectonic Force Fields Using GPS Data, SpringerBriefs in Earth Sciences. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 45–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Planetary and Space Science.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. Court Drops Charges Against Cecil The Lion Hunter [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1971. National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Acquisition and Utilization of T-38 Jet Aircraft (No. B-172171). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith, G.S., 2008. The relationship between legislative implementations and educator readiness in inclusive educational environments (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G.G., 2015. Giving Archie a Makeover at 74. New York Times AR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Martin, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Atkinson and Leeder, 2008; Martin, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Atkinson and Leeder, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Matsumoto et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titlePlanetary and Space Science
AbbreviationPlanet. Space Sci.
ISSN (print)0032-0633
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

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