How to format your references using the Planetary and Space Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Planetary and Space Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Khochbin, S., 2000. Persian role in flowering of Islamic science. Nature 405, 14.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kirwan, M.L., Megonigal, J.P., 2013. Tidal wetland stability in the face of human impacts and sea-level rise. Nature 504, 53–60.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vasudevan, S., Tong, Y., Steitz, J.A., 2007. Switching from repression to activation: microRNAs can up-regulate translation. Science 318, 1931–1934.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ingolia, N.T., Ghaemmaghami, S., Newman, J.R.S., Weissman, J.S., 2009. Genome-wide analysis in vivo of translation with nucleotide resolution using ribosome profiling. Science 324, 218–223.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tran, J., 2010. The Vietnam War and Theologies of Memory. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Zhou, Z.-H., Roli, F., Kittler, J. (Eds.), 2013. Multiple Classifier Systems: 11th International Workshop, MCS 2013, Nanjing, China, May 15-17, 2013. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Brouquet, A., Andreou, A., Shindoh, J., Vauthey, J.-N., 2013. Methods to Improve Resectability of Hepatocellular Carcinoma, in: Vauthey, J.-N., Brouquet, A. (Eds.), Multidisciplinary Treatment of Hepatocellular Carcinoma, Recent Results in Cancer Research. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 57–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Planetary and Space Science.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. What’s The Best Way To Go To The Toilet – Squatting Or Sitting? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. Investing in the Very Young (No. 137163). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vega Aguirre, J.C., 2008. Study of small business leadership as a result of the North American Free Trade Agreement (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2011. Underdog’s Feat Is Inspiration for Cricket’s Dreamers. New York Times SP7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Khochbin, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Khochbin, 2000; Kirwan and Megonigal, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kirwan and Megonigal, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Ingolia et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titlePlanetary and Space Science
AbbreviationPlanet. Space Sci.
ISSN (print)0032-0633
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

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