How to format your references using the South Asian History and Culture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for South Asian History and Culture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burrows, Malcolm. “Biomechanics: Froghopper Insects Leap to New Heights.” Nature 424, no. 6948 (July 31, 2003): 509.
A journal article with 2 authors
Koelle, Katia, and David A. Rasmussen. “Influenza: Prediction Is Worth a Shot.” Nature 507, no. 7490 (March 6, 2014): 47–48.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vielle-Calzada, J. P., R. Baskar, and U. Grossniklaus. “Delayed Activation of the Paternal Genome during Seed Development.” Nature 404, no. 6773 (March 2, 2000): 91–94.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Schulze, Ernst-Detlef, Danilo Mollicone, Frédéric Achard, Giorgio Matteucci, Sandro Federici, Hugh D. Eva, and Riccardo Valentini. “Climate Change. Making Deforestation Pay under the Kyoto Protocol?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 299, no. 5613 (March 14, 2003): 1669.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brendel, Rolf. Thin-Film Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2005.
An edited book
Pitilakis, K., P. Franchin, B. Khazai, and H. Wenzel, eds. SYNER-G: Systemic Seismic Vulnerability and Risk Assessment of Complex Urban, Utility, Lifeline Systems and Critical Facilities: Methodology and Applications. Vol. 31. Geotechnical, Geological and Earthquake Engineering. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Baruch, Ieroham S., and Rosalba Galvan-Guerra. “Centralized Direct and Indirect Neural Control of Distributed Parameter Systems.” In Evolutionary Design of Intelligent Systems in Modeling, Simulation and Control, edited by Oscar Castillo, Witold Pedrycz, and Janusz Kacprzyk, 63–81. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for South Asian History and Culture.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. “Mysterious South American Mounds The Work Of Earthworms.” IFLScience. IFLScience, May 15, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Planning for the Security of Local Area Networks.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, January 1, 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, Ki Sun. “Towards an Improved Baton Technique: The Application and Modification of Conducting Gestures Drawn from the Methods of Rudolf, Green and Saitö for Enhanced Performance of Orchestral Interpretations.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, Linda. “New President for the Long Island Rail Road.” New York Times, June 10, 2007.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleSouth Asian History and Culture
AbbreviationSouth Asian Hist. Cult.
ISSN (print)1947-2498
ISSN (online)1947-2501
ScopeGeneral Arts and Humanities
Sociology and Political Science
Cultural Studies

Other styles