How to format your references using the South Asian History and Culture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for South Asian History and Culture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Robert, F. “Isotope Geochemistry. The Origin of Water on Earth.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 293, no. 5532 (August 10, 2001): 1056–58.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wong, Alex M. H., and George V. Eleftheriades. “An Optical Super-Microscope for Far-Field, Real-Time Imaging beyond the Diffraction Limit.” Scientific Reports 3 (2013): 1715.
A journal article with 3 authors
Woodward, Joshua J., Anthony T. Iavarone, and Daniel A. Portnoy. “C-Di-AMP Secreted by Intracellular Listeria Monocytogenes Activates a Host Type I Interferon Response.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 328, no. 5986 (June 25, 2010): 1703–5.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kahr, Bart, John Freudenthal, Shane Phillips, and Werner Kaminsky. “Herapathite.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 324, no. 5933 (June 12, 2009): 1407.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barker, Richard M., and Jay A. Puckett. Design of Highway Bridges. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
Lopez, Javier, and Chris J. Mitchell, eds. Information Security: 18th International Conference, ISC 2015, Trondheim, Norway, September 9-11, 2015, Proceedings. 1st ed. 2015. Vol. 9290. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Hamidzadeh, Hamid R., and Reza N. Jazar. “Modal Analysis of Cylindrical Structures.” In Vibrations of Thick Cylindrical Structures, edited by Reza N. Jazar, 47–78. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2010.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for South Asian History and Culture.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. “Polymer Blend Conducts Heat Ten Times More Efficiently Than Conventional Plastics.” IFLScience. IFLScience, November 28, 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Next Generation Air Transportation System: Status of Key Issues Associated with the Transition to NextGen.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, September 11, 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marchek, Scott P. “A Quantitative Investigation of the Technology Obsolescence Model (TOM) Factors That Influence the Decision to Replace Obsolete Systems.” Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, James. “Kershaw Could Be Out as Long as Six Weeks.” New York Times, July 25, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleSouth Asian History and Culture
AbbreviationSouth Asian Hist. Cult.
ISSN (print)1947-2498
ISSN (online)1947-2501
ScopeGeneral Arts and Humanities
Sociology and Political Science
Cultural Studies

Other styles