How to format your references using the Breast Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Breast Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Chrisey DB. MATERIALS PROCESSING: The Power of Direct Writing. Science. 2000;289:879–81.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Leiserson CE, McVinney C. Lifelong learning: Science professors need leadership training. Nature. 2015;523:279–81.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Arash B, Wang Q, Varadan VK. Mechanical properties of carbon nanotube/polymer composites. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6479.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Jedicke R, Nesvorný D, Whiteley R, Ivezić Z Z, Jurić M. An age-colour relationship for main-belt S-complex asteroids. Nature. 2004;429:275–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Levander CF. Where is American Literature? Oxford, UK: Wiley Blackwell; 2013.
An edited book
1. Stan-Lotter H, Fendrihan S, editors. Adaption of Microbial Life to Environmental Extremes: Novel Research Results and Application. Vienna: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Rezaizadeh H, Olson E. General GI Motility Disorders. In: Wu GY, editor. Pocket Handbook of GI Pharmacotherapeutics. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 31–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Breast Cancer.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. NASA And ESA Hope To Redirect An Asteroid By Smashing A Spacecraft Into It [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Competition: Proposed Domestic Airline Alliances Raise Serious Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 Jun. Report No.: T-RCED-98-215.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Mukherjee N. Development of High Sensitivity Bending Mode Polymer Piezoelectric Devices for Inner Ear Implantation [Doctoral dissertation]. [Cincinnati, OH]: University of Cincinnati; 2003.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Rothenberg B. Bouchard Is Out, but Her Concussion Suit From the 2015 Open Goes On. New York Times. 2016 Aug 31;B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBreast Cancer
AbbreviationBreast Cancer
ISSN (print)1340-6868
ISSN (online)1880-4233
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Pharmacology (medical)
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles