How to format your references using the Breast Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Breast Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Zimmerman PD. Science since 9/11: Homeland insecurity. Nature. 2011;477:153–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Morriswood B, Warren G. Cell biology. Stalemate in the Golgi battle. Science. 2013;341:1465–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Constância M, Kelsey G, Reik W. Resourceful imprinting. Nature. 2004;432:53–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Falkowski PG, Katz ME, Knoll AH, Quigg A, Raven JA, Schofield O, et al. The evolution of modern eukaryotic phytoplankton. Science. 2004;305:354–60.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Walkenbach J. John Walkenbach’s Favorite Excel® 2010 Tips & Tricks. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Kielanowski P, Bieliavsky P, Odzijewicz A, Schlichenmaier M, Voronov T, editors. Geometric Methods in Physics: XXXIII Workshop, Białowieża, Poland, June 29 – July 5, 2014. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Delepoulle S, Renaud C, Chelle M. Improving Light Position in a Growth Chamber through the Use of a Genetic Algorithm. In: Plemenos D, Miaoulis G, editors. Artificial Intelligence Techniques for Computer Graphics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 67–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Breast Cancer.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Chimpanzees Know Infanticide Breaks Social Norms [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/chimpanzees-know-infanticide-breaks-social-norms/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Americans With Disabilities Act: Challenges Faced by Transit Agencies in Complying With the Act’s Requirements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Mar. Report No.: RCED-94-58.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Ashbran MC. Examining student learning in a physics pedagogical content knowledge course [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Pilon M, Pianigiani G. Agent Blames Trainer for Drug-Test Failures. New York Times. 2013 Jul 16;B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,1].
This sentence cites four references [1,1,1,1].

About the journal

Full journal titleBreast Cancer
AbbreviationBreast Cancer
ISSN (print)1340-6868
ISSN (online)1880-4233
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Oncology
Pharmacology (medical)
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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