How to format your references using the Breast Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Breast Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Merrow M. Journal club. A chronobiologist makes sense of circadian dysfunction in illness. Nature. 2010;467:135.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Johansson LC, Norberg UM. Asymmetric toes aid underwater swimming. Nature. 2000;407:582–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Matsunami H, Montmayeur JP, Buck LB. A family of candidate taste receptors in human and mouse. Nature. 2000;404:601–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Del Negro C, Cappello A, Neri M, Bilotta G, Hérault A, Ganci G. Lava flow hazards at Mount Etna: constraints imposed by eruptive history and numerical simulations. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3493.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Albright RD. Death of the Chesapeake. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Chemical Innovation, Japan Association for, editor. Computer Simulation of Polymeric Materials: Applications of the OCTA System. Singapore: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Mariette J, Olteanu M, Boelaert J, Villa-Vialaneix N. Bagged Kernel SOM. In: Villmann T, Schleif F-M, Kaden M, Lange M, editors. Advances in Self-Organizing Maps and Learning Vector Quantization: Proceedings of the 10th International Workshop, WSOM 2014, Mittweida, Germany, July, 2-4, 2014. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 45–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Breast Cancer.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. How To Find Micrometeorites In Your Home [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. High Speed Passenger Rail: Effectively Using Recovery Act Funds for High Speed Rail Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009 Jun. Report No.: GAO-09-786T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Kuang S-YH. “And the War Came”: A memorial to devastated lives [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBreast Cancer
AbbreviationBreast Cancer
ISSN (print)1340-6868
ISSN (online)1880-4233
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Pharmacology (medical)
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles