How to format your references using the Emergency Medicine Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Emergency Medicine Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Borrero JC. Field data and satellite imagery of tsunami effects in Banda Aceh. Science 2005;308:1596.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Vabulas RM, Hartl FU. Protein synthesis upon acute nutrient restriction relies on proteasome function. Science 2005;310:1960–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Ashton A, Murray AB, Arnault O. Formation of coastline features by large-scale instabilities induced by high-angle waves. Nature 2001;414:296–300.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Fierro S, Seishima R, Nagano O, et al. In vivo pH monitoring using boron doped diamond microelectrode and silver needles: application to stomach disorder diagnosis. Sci Rep 2013;3:3257.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Barron EN. Game Theory. Hoboken, NJ: : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2013.
An edited book
1
Alconada Magliano TM, Chulze SN, editors. Fusarium Head Blight in Latin America. Dordrecht: : Springer Netherlands 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Putterman AM. Cheek–Midface Lift. In: Hartstein ME, Wulc AE, Holck DEE, eds. Midfacial Rejuvenation. New York, NY: : Springer 2012. 49–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Emergency Medicine Journal.

Blog post
1
O`Callaghan J. This Super-Earth Atmosphere Might Have Massive Implications For The Search For Life. IFLScience. 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. H.R. 13343, a Bill To Establish a Department of Education, and for Other Purposes. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Bavkar IN. In-Node Vehicle Classification and Identification. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Kelly D. STEAL THIS REVIEW. New York Times. 1990;:719.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEmergency Medicine Journal
AbbreviationEmerg. Med. J.
ISSN (print)1472-0205
ISSN (online)1472-0213
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
Emergency Medicine

Other styles