How to format your references using the International Journal of Pest Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Pest Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carthew RW. 2006. Molecular biology. A new RNA dimension to genome control. Science. 313:305–306.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ehrenfreund P, Foing BH. 2010. Astronomy. Fullerenes and cosmic carbon. Science. 329:1159–1160.
A journal article with 3 authors
Álvarez GA, Suter D, Kaiser R. 2015. QUANTUM SIMULATION. Localization-delocalization transition in the dynamics of dipolar-coupled nuclear spins. Science. 349:846–848.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Van Dover CL, German CR, Speer KG, Parson LM, Vrijenhoek RC. 2002. Evolution and biogeography of deep-sea vent and seep invertebrates. Science. 295:1253–1257.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baher H. 2012. Signal Processing and Integrated Circuits. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Foster L, Woodthorpe K, editors. 2016. Death and Social Policy in Challenging Times. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Richter K-F, Winter S. 2014. Conceptual Aspects: How Landmarks Can Be Described in Data Models. In: Winter S, editor. Landmarks: GIScience for Intelligent Services. Cham: Springer International Publishing; p. 109–135.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Pest Management.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Flatworm Reproduces by Using its Penis to Inject Sperm Into its Head. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2004. Federal Aviation Administration: Challenges for Transforming Into a High-Performing Organization. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kehoe RM. 2009. Parental long-term care choices from the perspectives of their sandwich-generation adult children [Doctoral dissertation]. Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. 2011. A Driving Spirit Is Conspicuous by His Absence. New York Times.:D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Carthew 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Carthew 2006; Ehrenfreund & Foing 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ehrenfreund & Foing 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Van Dover et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Pest Management
AbbreviationInt. J. Pest Manag.
ISSN (print)0967-0874
ISSN (online)1366-5863
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Insect Science

Other styles