How to format your references using the International Journal of Pest Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Pest Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schluter D. 2009. Evidence for ecological speciation and its alternative. Science. 323(5915):737–741.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sun F, He S. 2014. Transformation magneto-statics and illusions for magnets. Sci Rep. 4:6593.
A journal article with 3 authors
Childs AM, Gosset D, Webb Z. 2013. Universal computation by multiparticle quantum walk. Science. 339(6121):791–794.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Xu J, Peng C, Sankaran VG, Shao Z, Esrick EB, Chong BG, Ippolito GC, Fujiwara Y, Ebert BL, Tucker PW, Orkin SH. 2011. Correction of sickle cell disease in adult mice by interference with fetal hemoglobin silencing. Science. 334(6058):993–996.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Peters M, Glasser D, Hildebrandt D, Kauchali S. 2011. Membrane Process Design Using Residue Curve Maps. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lloyd D, Rossi EL, editors. 2008. Ultradian Rhythms from Molecules to Mind: A New Vision of Life. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Spengel C, Zöllkau Y. 2012. E. Summary of Conclusion. In: Spengel C, Zöllkau Y, editors. Common Corporate Tax Base (CC(C)TB) and Determination of Taxable Income: An International Comparison. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 99–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Pest Management.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Functional Leg Muscle Developed From Stem Cells. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. NTSB Access-to-Aircraft Privileges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ploehs JR. 2009. The literacy benefits of middle school tutors who tutor emergent readers [Doctoral dissertation]. Cincinnati, OH: University of Cincinnati.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Detrick B. 2017. Photographer of the Skateboarding Set. New York Times.:D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schluter 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Schluter 2009; Sun & He 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sun & He 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Xu et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Pest Management
AbbreviationInt. J. Pest Manag.
ISSN (print)0967-0874
ISSN (online)1366-5863
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Insect Science

Other styles