How to format your references using the International Journal of Pest Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Pest Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heimsath AM. 2014. Geochemistry. Limits of soil production? Science. 343(6171):617–618.
A journal article with 2 authors
Siomi H, Siomi MC. 2009. On the road to reading the RNA-interference code. Nature. 457(7228):396–404.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hu Y, Lee CC, Ribbe MW. 2011. Extending the carbon chain: hydrocarbon formation catalyzed by vanadium/molybdenum nitrogenases. Science. 333(6043):753–755.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Yoshida H, Bando T, Mito T, Ohuchi H, Noji S. 2014. An extended steepness model for leg-size determination based on Dachsous/Fat trans-dimer system. Sci Rep. 4:4335.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Padmanabhan TR, Bala Tripura Sundari B. 2005. Design Through Verilog HDL. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cheng S-M, Day M-Y, editors. 2014. Technologies and Applications of Artificial Intelligence: 19th International Conference, TAAI 2014, Taipei, Taiwan, November 21-23, 2014. Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Dupret G, Piwowarski B. 2006. Principal Components for Automatic Term Hierarchy Building. In: Crestani F, Ferragina P, Sanderson M, editors. String Processing and Information Retrieval: 13th International Conference, SPIRE 2006, Glasgow, UK, October 11-13, 2006 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 37–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Pest Management.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Watch Bill Nye Read Out Some Of The Hilarious Mean Tweets Sent To Him. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010. Federal Education Funding: Overview of K-12 and Early Childhood Education Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sheah J. 2015. Reading Dreams: Representation of Dreams Through Artists’ Books [Doctoral dissertation]. Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. 2017. Whitney: Can I Be Me. New York Times.:C9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heimsath 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Siomi and Siomi 2009; Heimsath 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Siomi and Siomi 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Yoshida et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Pest Management
AbbreviationInt. J. Pest Manag.
ISSN (print)0967-0874
ISSN (online)1366-5863
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Insect Science

Other styles