How to format your references using the International Journal of Pest Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Pest Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Werner R. 2015. The focus on bibliometrics makes papers less useful. Nature. 517:245.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sontheimer EJ, Carthew RW. 2004. Molecular biology. Argonaute journeys into the heart of RISC. Science. 305:1409–1410.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kartal B, Kuenen JG, van Loosdrecht MCM. 2010. Engineering. Sewage treatment with anammox. Science. 328:702–703.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Ma T, Kapustin EA, Yin SX, Liang L, Zhou Z, Niu J, Li L-H, Wang Y, Su J, Li J, et al. 2018. Single-crystal x-ray diffraction structures of covalent organic frameworks. Science. 361:48–52.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goodhew S. 2016. Sustainable Construction Processes. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Suzuki K, Ishii K, Sakurai S, Sasaki S, editors. 2006. Plantation Technology in Tropical Forest Science. Tokyo: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Campbell RJ, Hann CR. 2009. Eye and Adnexa. In: Waters BL, editor. Handbook of Autopsy Practice. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; p. 69–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Pest Management.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. How We Discovered ‘Impossible’ Material That Both Conducts Electrity – And Doesn’t. IFLScience [Internet]. [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. Air Traffic Control: FAA Needs to Implement an Effective Testing Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clark M. 2011. How Charter School Teachers Act on Perceived Autonomy: A Qualitative Study of Curricular Decisions [Doctoral dissertation]. Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmidt MS. 2017. Mueller Inquiry Seeks Documents On Trump Firings. New York Times.:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Rhein 2000; Davis 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sontheimer & Carthew 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Gupta et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Pest Management
AbbreviationInt. J. Pest Manag.
ISSN (print)0967-0874
ISSN (online)1366-5863
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Insect Science

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