How to format your references using the International Journal of Pest Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Pest Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Squire LR. 2007. Neuroscience. Rapid consolidation. Science. 316(5821):57–58.
A journal article with 2 authors
Meier MF, Dyurgerov MB. 2002. Sea level changes. How Alaska affects the world. Science. 297(5580):350–351.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tanabe K, Sakihama N, Kaneko A. 2004. Stable SNPs in malaria antigen genes in isolated populations. Science. 303(5657):493.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Simmons G, Glynn SA, Komaroff AL, Mikovits JA, Tobler LH, Hackett J Jr, Tang N, Switzer WM, Heneine W, Hewlett IK, et al. 2011. Failure to confirm XMRV/MLVs in the blood of patients with chronic fatigue syndrome: a multi-laboratory study. Science. 334(6057):814–817.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Canham J, Bennett J. 2008. Mentorship in Community Nursing: Challenges and Opportunities. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science Ltd.
An edited book
Wang W-Y, editor. 2014. Codification in International Perspective: Selected Papers from the 2nd IACL Thematic Conference. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Wołk K, Marasek K. 2015. Tuned and GPU-Accelerated Parallel Data Mining from Comparable Corpora. In: Král P, Matoušek V, editors. Text, Speech, and Dialogue: 18th International Conference, TSD 2015, Pilsen,Czech Republic, September 14-17, 2015, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; p. 32–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Pest Management.

Blog post
Luntz S. 2015. #FieldworkFail Reveals The Hilarious Perils Of Science. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1985. The Potential Impact of National Security Decision Directive 145 on Civil Agencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Selis AH. 2010. Holding the center: How one Jewish day school negotiates differences in a pluralistic community [Doctoral dissertation]. College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. 2013. Puig’s Popularity Reflects Growing Hispanic Interest. New York Times.:B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Squire 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Meier & Dyurgerov 2002; Squire 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Meier & Dyurgerov 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Simmons et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Pest Management
AbbreviationInt. J. Pest Manag.
ISSN (print)0967-0874
ISSN (online)1366-5863
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Insect Science

Other styles