How to format your references using the International Journal of Pest Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Pest Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein M. 2015. Medicine: Eyes on the target. Nature. 527:S110-2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaiser D, Moreno J. 2012. Dual-use research: Self-censorship is not enough. Nature. 492:345–347.
A journal article with 3 authors
Erickson GM, Rogers KC, Yerby SA. 2001. Dinosaurian growth patterns and rapid avian growth rates. Nature. 412:429–433.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Chen L, Hou J, Ye L, Chen Y, Cui J, Tian W, Li C, Liu L. 2014. MicroRNA-143 regulates adipogenesis by modulating the MAP2K5-ERK5 signaling. Sci Rep. 4:3819.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
CCPS. 2006. Safe Design and Operation of Process Vents and Emission Control Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Grothaus M. 2012. Taking Your iPad to the Max, iOS 5 Edition. Sadun E, editor. Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Shibayama K. 2015. The Second Globalization, the Second Tragedy? In: Fujii S, editor. Beyond Global Capitalism. Tokyo: Springer Japan; p. 53–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Pest Management.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. 2015. Jupiter Twin Found Orbiting Sun-like Star. IFLScience [Internet]. [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. House of Representatives’ Amendment to the Energy Research and Development Administration’s Authorization Bill for Fiscal Year 1978. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chepete P. 2008. Modeling of the factors affecting mathematical achievement of Form 1 students in Botswana based on the 2003 Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study [Doctoral dissertation]. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Seelye KQ, Blinder A, Bidgood J. 2017. Counterprotesters Surge Into Boston, Overshadowing a Planned Rally. New York Times.:A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eisenstein 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Kaiser & Moreno 2012; Eisenstein 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kaiser & Moreno 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Pest Management
AbbreviationInt. J. Pest Manag.
ISSN (print)0967-0874
ISSN (online)1366-5863
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Insect Science

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