How to format your references using the International Journal of Pest Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Pest Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bohannon J. 2008. The Gonzo Scientist. Can scientists dance? Science. 319(5865):905.
A journal article with 2 authors
Macquaker JHS, Bohacs KM. 2007. Geology. On the accumulation of mud. Science. 318(5857):1734–1735.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dragert G, Wang K, James TS. 2001. A silent slip event on the deeper Cascadia subduction interface. Science. 292(5521):1525–1528.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Wu Q-S, Cao M-Q, Zou Y-N, He X-H. 2014. Direct and indirect effects of glomalin, mycorrhizal hyphae, and roots on aggregate stability in rhizosphere of trifoliate orange. Sci Rep. 4:5823.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yamaguchi R, Fujita K-I. 2014. Ligand Platforms in Homogenous Catalytic Reactions with Metals. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Konnov IV. 2006. Generalized Convexity and Related Topics. Luc DT, Rubinov AM, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
de Bruijn H, ten Heuvelhof EF, in ‘t Veld R. 2010. An Open Process. In: ten Heuvelhof E, in ’t Veld R, editors. Process Management: Why Project Management Fails in Complex Decision Making Processes. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 81–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Pest Management.

Blog post
Andrews R. 2015. What’s The Difference Between Male And Female Brains? IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Compliance Status Information on Biomedical Equipment. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Burg CA. 2010. Faculty perspectives on doctoral student mentoring: The mentor’s odyssey [Doctoral dissertation]. Tampa, FL: University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ivory D, Ruiz RR. 2014. G.M. Resists Expanding Victims’ Fund. New York Times.:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bohannon 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Macquaker and Bohacs 2007; Bohannon 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Macquaker and Bohacs 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Pest Management
AbbreviationInt. J. Pest Manag.
ISSN (print)0967-0874
ISSN (online)1366-5863
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Insect Science

Other styles