How to format your references using the Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
F. Wilczek, Particle physics: A weighty mass difference, Nature. 520 (2015) 303–304.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
D.A. Sandoval, R.J. Seeley, Medicine. The microbes made me eat it, Science. 328 (2010) 179–180.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
M.B. Croon, J.K. Hillier, J.G. Sclater, Comment on “Mantle flow drives the subsidence of oceanic plates,” Science. 331 (2011) 1011; author reply 1011.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
V. Vásquez, M. Sotomayor, J. Cordero-Morales, K. Schulten, E. Perozo, A structural mechanism for MscS gating in lipid bilayers, Science. 321 (2008) 1210–1214.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
J. De Spiegeleer, W. Schoutens, C. Van Hulle, The Handbook of Hybrid Securities, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
[1]
G. Stoeglehner, Integrated Spatial and Energy Planning: Supporting Climate Protection and the Energy Turn with Means of Spatial Planning, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
C. Jansen, T. Noll, Generating Abstract Graph-Based Procedure Summaries for Pointer Programs, in: H. Giese, B. König (Eds.), Graph Transformation: 7th International Conference, ICGT 2014, Held as Part of STAF 2014, York, UK, July 22-24, 2014. Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014: pp. 49–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells.

Blog post
[1]
J. Fang, Test Confirms There’s a Huge Hot Bubble Of Gas Caused By A Supernova In Our Galaxy, IFLScience. (2014).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office, Tobacco Product Regulation: Most FDA Spending Funded Public Education, Regulatory Science, and Compliance and Enforcement Activities, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
K.M. Akiyama, Taste Detection in Post-Laryngectomy Head and Neck Cancer Survivors and Its Effect on Dietary Intake and Malnutrition Status, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
L. Saslow, New Plan Approved for Kings Park Property, New York Times. (2007) 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSolar Energy Materials and Solar Cells
AbbreviationSol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells
ISSN (print)0927-0248
ScopeRenewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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