How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. P. Gaspar, “Silicon chemistry. R3Si+--free at last,” Science, vol. 297, no. 5582, pp. 785–786, Aug. 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. C. Rees and J. B. Howard, “The interface between the biological and inorganic worlds: iron-sulfur metalloclusters,” Science, vol. 300, no. 5621, pp. 929–931, May 2003.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Fabiańska, G. Kassier, and T. Feurer, “Split ring resonator based THz-driven electron streak camera featuring femtosecond resolution,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 5645, Jul. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Huang et al., “Mn₃[Co(CN)₆]₂@SiO₂ core-shell nanocubes: novel bimodal contrast agents for MRI and optical imaging,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 2647, 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. A. Smith, Virgil. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.
An edited book
M. Fontani, Chemistry and Chemists in Florence: From the Last of the Medici Family to the European Magnetic Resonance Center. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
K. T. Larkin, C. Goulet, and C. Cavanagh, “Forgiveness and Physiological Concomitants and Outcomes,” in Forgiveness and Health: Scientific Evidence and Theories Relating Forgiveness to Better Health, L. Toussaint, E. Worthington, and D. R. Williams, Eds. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2015, pp. 61–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems.

Blog post
S. Luntz, “Ocean Acidification Conference Hears The Bad News,” IFLScience, 04-May-2016. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “NASA’s X-33 and X-34 Programs,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-01-1041R, Aug. 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. R. Vargas, “Implementing modern geographic technology in the trucking industry: A case study,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Qiu and D. Victor, “Who’s Right About G.O.P. Bill’s Claims, a Senator or a Late-Night Host?,” New York Times, p. A17, 21-Sep-2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Fuzzy Syst.
ISSN (print)1063-6706
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Computational Theory and Mathematics
Control and Systems Engineering
Applied Mathematics

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