How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. R. Jokipii, “Planetary science. A local wiggle in the turbulent interstellar magnetic field,” Science, vol. 316, no. 5826, pp. 839–840, May 2007.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. B. Jackson and K. G. Johnson, “Paleoecology. Measuring past biodiversity,” Science, vol. 293, no. 5539, pp. 2401–2404, Sep. 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. Dillin, D. K. Crawford, and C. Kenyon, “Timing requirements for insulin/IGF-1 signaling in C. elegans,” Science, vol. 298, no. 5594, pp. 830–834, Oct. 2002.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Biastoch, C. W. Böning, F. U. Schwarzkopf, and J. R. E. Lutjeharms, “Increase in Agulhas leakage due to poleward shift of Southern Hemisphere westerlies,” Nature, vol. 462, no. 7272, pp. 495–498, Nov. 2009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Paterson and K. Tobias, Atlas of ear diseases of the dog and cat. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,., 2012.
An edited book
Y. Qin, Ed., Network Coding at Different Layers in Wireless Networks. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
O. Jardetzky and M. D. Finucane, “Tandem Interactions in the trp Repressor System may Regulate Binding to Operator DNA,” in Structure and Biophysics – New Technologies for Current Challenges in Biology and Beyond, J. Puglisi, Ed. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2007, pp. 49–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Drone Captures Amazing Footage Of A Tornado,” IFLScience, Jul. 19, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Finanzas del Consumidor: Factores que Afectan la Educacion Financiera de las Personas con Conocimientos Limitados del Ingles,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-10-869, Aug. 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. G. Tabano, “How Former Division I Student-Athletes Experienced Their Dual Undergraduate Roles: The Internal Competition for an Identity,” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
M. Schwirtz, M. Winerip, and R. Gebeloff, “The Scourge of Racial Bias in New York State’s Prisons,” New York Times, p. A1, Dec. 03, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Fuzzy Syst.
ISSN (print)1063-6706
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Computational Theory and Mathematics
Control and Systems Engineering
Applied Mathematics

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