How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Flicek, “Journal club. A computational geneticist looks at mechanisms of chromosomal evolution,” Nature, vol. 463, no. 7282, p. 713, Feb. 2010.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. M. Sigman and E. A. Boyle, “Glacial/interglacial variations in atmospheric carbon dioxide,” Nature, vol. 407, no. 6806, pp. 859–869, Oct. 2000.
A journal article with 3 authors
D. E. Jackson, M. Holcombe, and F. L. W. Ratnieks, “Trail geometry gives polarity to ant foraging networks,” Nature, vol. 432, no. 7019, pp. 907–909, Dec. 2004.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Z. Liu, H. Zhou, W. Wang, W. Tan, Y.-X. Fu, and M. Zhu, “A novel method for synthetic vaccine construction based on protein assembly,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 7266, Dec. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Ben Chouikha, Organizational Design for Knowledge Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016.
An edited book
A. Kalet and C. L. Chou, Eds., Remediation in Medical Education: A Mid-Course Correction. New York, NY: Springer, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
I. Durinovic-Belló and G. T. Nepom, “Characterizing T-Cell Autoimmunity,” in Immunoendocrinology: Scientific and Clinical Aspects, G. S. Eisenbarth, Ed. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press, 2011, pp. 53–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Trippy 360-Degree, Panoramic Time Lapse Of Night Sky,” IFLScience, Jul. 03, 2014. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “NASA Management Challenges: Human Capital and Other Critical Areas Need to be Addressed,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-02-945T, Jul. 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
T. E. Davis, “Sedimentation solutions for the Port of Gulfport, MS,” Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Sisario, “Hoping for Another Really Groovy Time,” New York Times, p. AR21, Apr. 14, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Fuzzy Syst.
ISSN (print)1063-6706
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Computational Theory and Mathematics
Control and Systems Engineering
Applied Mathematics

Other styles