How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Smaglik, “Sweet dreams,” Nature, vol. 421, no. 6919, p. 193, Jan. 2003.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. A. Buckley and R. P. Evershed, “Organic chemistry of embalming agents in Pharaonic and Graeco-Roman mummies,” Nature, vol. 413, no. 6858, pp. 837–841, Oct. 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. G. Vander Heiden, L. C. Cantley, and C. B. Thompson, “Understanding the Warburg effect: the metabolic requirements of cell proliferation,” Science, vol. 324, no. 5930, pp. 1029–1033, May 2009.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
G. Caulier, P. Flammang, P. Gerbaux, and I. Eeckhaut, “When a repellent becomes an attractant: harmful saponins are kairomones attracting the symbiotic Harlequin crab,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 2639, 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
V. K. N. Lau and Y.-K. Ricky Kwok, Channel-Adaptive Technologies and Cross-Layer Designs for Wireless Systems with Multiple Antennas. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2006.
An edited book
C. Bini and J. Bech, Eds., PHEs, Environment and Human Health: Potentially harmful elements in the environment and the impact on human health. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
J.-L. Lin and H.-S. Yan, “Reconstruction Design Methodology,” in Decoding the Mechanisms of Antikythera Astronomical Device, H.-S. Yan, Ed., Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2016, pp. 85–113.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “What Would Happen If Everyone On Earth Jumped At The Same Time?,” IFLScience, Aug. 09, 2014. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “[Comments on FAA Employee’s Claim for Temporary Quarters Subsistence Expenses],” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, B-257914, Jan. 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. L. Steffan, “An examination of the correlation between ninth grade mathematics grades and student performance on the mathematics portion of the California high school exit examination,” Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, “Baggage, New and Old, Arrives at Citi Field,” New York Times, p. D5, Apr. 09, 2011.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Fuzzy Syst.
ISSN (print)1063-6706
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Computational Theory and Mathematics
Control and Systems Engineering
Applied Mathematics

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