How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. F. Sullivan, “Genetics of disease: Associations with depression,” Nature, vol. 523, no. 7562, pp. 539–540, Jul. 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
B. M. Siemers and H.-U. Schnitzler, “Echolocation signals reflect niche differentiation in five sympatric congeneric bat species,” Nature, vol. 429, no. 6992, pp. 657–661, Jun. 2004.
A journal article with 3 authors
B. Levine, N. Mizushima, and H. W. Virgin, “Autophagy in immunity and inflammation,” Nature, vol. 469, no. 7330, pp. 323–335, Jan. 2011.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Repp, G. Meyer, S. Paavilainen, F. E. Olsson, and M. Persson, “Imaging bond formation between a gold atom and pentacene on an insulating surface,” Science, vol. 312, no. 5777, pp. 1196–1199, May 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. G. Speight, Handbook of Petroleum Product Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2014.
An edited book
D. D. Hutto and M. Ratcliffe, Eds., Folk Psychology Re-Assessed. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
I. Cheltsov, “Del Pezzo Surfaces and Local Inequalities,” in Automorphisms in Birational and Affine Geometry: Levico Terme, Italy, October 2012, I. Cheltsov, C. Ciliberto, H. Flenner, J. McKernan, Y. G. Prokhorov, and M. Zaidenberg, Eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014, pp. 83–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Polarised Light and the Super Sense You Didn’t Know you had,” IFLScience, 01-Jul-2015. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “DOD Participation in the Space Transportation System: Status and Issues,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, MASAD-81-6, Feb. 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
T. Perfitt, “Megaphone: Fault tolerant, scalable, and trustworthy peer-to-peer microblogging,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Hubbard, “Saudi Says Arrests Target Dissidents Aided Abroad,” New York Times, p. A7, 15-Sep-2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Fuzzy Syst.
ISSN (print)1063-6706
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Computational Theory and Mathematics
Control and Systems Engineering
Applied Mathematics

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