How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Chapuisat, “Evolution. Smells like queen since the Cretaceous,” Science, vol. 343, no. 6168, pp. 254–255, Jan. 2014.
A journal article with 2 authors
V. O. Ezenwa and A. E. Jolles, “Epidemiology. Opposite effects of anthelmintic treatment on microbial infection at individual versus population scales,” Science, vol. 347, no. 6218, pp. 175–177, Jan. 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Storey, R. A. Duncan, and C. C. Swisher 3rd, “Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum and the opening of the Northeast Atlantic,” Science, vol. 316, no. 5824, pp. 587–589, Apr. 2007.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. J. Chacron, B. Doiron, L. Maler, A. Longtin, and J. Bastian, “Non-classical receptive field mediates switch in a sensory neuron’s frequency tuning,” Nature, vol. 423, no. 6935, pp. 77–81, May 2003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G. Schwedt, Chemie und Literatur - ein ungewöhnlicher Flirt. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2009.
An edited book
G. E. Pfander, Ed., Sampling Theory, a Renaissance: Compressive Sensing and Other Developments, 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
B. Aparicio Diaz and T. Fent, “An Agent-Based Simulation Model of Age-at-Marriage Norms,” in Agent-Based Computational Modelling: Applications in Demography, Social, Economic and Environmental Sciences, F. C. Billari, T. Fent, A. Prskawetz, and J. Scheffran, Eds. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD, 2006, pp. 85–116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “What On Earth Is This?,” IFLScience, May 04, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Advance Sheets: Volume 73, Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, OGC-94-31, Sep. 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R. J. Eutz, “The experiences of Recovery High School students: Using empirical phenomenology to garner knowledge,” Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Rothenberg, “Tennis Divided by Wild Cards for Sharapova,” New York Times, p. B8, Mar. 09, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Fuzzy Syst.
ISSN (print)1063-6706
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Computational Theory and Mathematics
Control and Systems Engineering
Applied Mathematics

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