How to format your references using the Soins citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Soins. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Petherick A. Science masterclass. Nature 2015;526:S49.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Betts JR, Atkinson RC. Education. Better research needed on the impact of charter schools. Science 2012;335:171–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Yang D-S, Lao C, Zewail AH. 4D electron diffraction reveals correlated unidirectional behavior in zinc oxide nanowires. Science 2008;321:1660–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Palchykov V, Mitrović M, Jo H-H, Saramäki J, Pan RK. Inferring human mobility using communication patterns. Sci Rep 2014;4:6174.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Morgan A. Eating the Big Fish. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
[1]
Kaskutas LA, Galanter M, editors. Recent Developments in Alcoholism: Research on Alcoholics Anonymous and Spirituality in Addiction Recovery. vol. 18. New York, NY: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Rintaluoma T, Reinikka T, Rouvinen J, Boutellier J, Jääskeläinen P, Silvén O. Programmable Accelerators for Reconfigurable Video Decoder. In: Bertels K, Dimopoulos N, Silvano C, Wong S, editors. Embedded Computer Systems: Architectures, Modeling, and Simulation: 9th International Workshop, SAMOS 2009, Samos, Greece, July 20-23, 2009. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009, p. 36–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Soins.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. When Parents Hesitate About Vaccines, What Should Health-Care Providers Say? IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. B-2 Bomber: Contract Structure and Selected Provisions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Baumgarten DK. An Examination of the Relationship between Collegiate Student-Athlete’s Leadership Role in the Athletic Setting and Their Academic Success. Doctoral dissertation. Northcentral University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Brantley B. Thinking Out Loud, But Why? New York Times 2017:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSoins
AbbreviationSoins
ISSN (print)0038-0814
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Nursing

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