How to format your references using the Soins citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Soins. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Cannon B. Cardiovascular disease: Biochemistry to behaviour. Nature 2013;493:S2-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Di Domizio J, Gilliet M. SYNTHETIC BIOLOGY. Designer cells finely tuned for therapy. Science 2015;350:1478–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Mori T, Vale RD, Tomishige M. How kinesin waits between steps. Nature 2007;450:750–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Gu T-P, Guo F, Yang H, Wu H-P, Xu G-F, Liu W, et al. The role of Tet3 DNA dioxygenase in epigenetic reprogramming by oocytes. Nature 2011;477:606–10.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Jacobsson M, Niemegeers I, Heemstra de Groot S. Personal Networks. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Stavrakakis I, Smirnov M, editors. Autonomic Communication: Second International IFIP Workshop, WAC 2005, Athens, Greece, October 2-5, 2005, Revised Selected Papers. vol. 3854. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Teng M, Ma D, Du X. Maintaining Ranking Lists in Dynamic Virtual Environments. In: Liu A, Ishikawa Y, Qian T, Nutanong S, Cheema MA, editors. Database Systems for Advanced Applications: DASFAA 2015 International Workshops, SeCoP, BDMS, and Posters, Hanoi, Vietnam, April 20-23, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 52–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Soins.

Blog post
[1]
Hale T. Russian Scientists Are Trapped By Polar Bears On A Remote Siberian Island. IFLScience 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Joint Strike Fighter: Significant Challenges and Decisions Ahead. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Herman GS. Terahertz local oscillator via difference frequency generation in iii-v semiconductors using frequency stabilized lasers. Doctoral dissertation. University of Arizona, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Greenhouse L. Justices Refuse to Hear Case Of Condemned Virginia Man. New York Times 2005:A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSoins
AbbreviationSoins
ISSN (print)0038-0814
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Nursing

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