How to format your references using the Road Materials and Pavement Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Road Materials and Pavement Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schilling, G. (2000). ASTRONOMY: Watch This Space! Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5477), 238b.
A journal article with 2 authors
MacBean, N., & Peylin, P. (2014). Biogeochemistry: agriculture and the global carbon cycle. Nature, 515(7527), 351–352.
A journal article with 3 authors
González-Gutiérrez, J., Carrillo-Estrada, J. L., & Ruiz-Suárez, J. C. (2014). Penetration of granular projectiles into a water target. Scientific Reports, 4, 6762.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Dubrovinsky, L. S., Dubrovinskaia, N. A., Swamy, V., Muscat, J., Harrison, N. M., Ahuja, R., Holm, B., & Johansson, B. (2001). Materials science. The hardest known oxide. Nature, 410(6829), 653–654.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hoffmann, W. (2014). The Economic Competitiveness of Renewable Energy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ostafin, B. D., Robinson, M. D., & Meier, B. P. (Eds.). (2015). Handbook of Mindfulness and Self-Regulation (1st ed. 2015). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Potylitsyn, A. P., Ryazanov, M. I., Strikhanov, M. N., & Tishchenko, A. A. (2011). Diffraction Radiation at the Resonant Frequency. In M. I. Ryazanov, M. N. Strikhanov, & A. A. Tishchenko (Eds.), Diffraction Radiation from Relativistic Particles (pp. 137–147). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Road Materials and Pavement Design.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2015, April 6). Chameleon Tongue Attack Captured In Slow Motion. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). No Child Left Behind Act: Improved Accessibility to Education’s Information Could Help States Further Implement Teacher Qualification Requirements (GAO-06-25). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, S. (2004). Characterization of Ribosomal S6 Protein Phosphorylation and Posssible Control of Ribosome Biogenesis in Arabidopsis Cell Culture [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M. (2017, May 21). Albee Estate Rejects Bid to Cast Black Actor. New York Times, C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schilling, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (MacBean & Peylin, 2014; Schilling, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (MacBean & Peylin, 2014)
  • Three authors: (González-Gutiérrez et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Dubrovinsky et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleRoad Materials and Pavement Design
AbbreviationRoad Mater. Pavement Des.
ISSN (print)1468-0629
ISSN (online)2164-7402
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering

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