How to format your references using the Road Materials and Pavement Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Road Materials and Pavement Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rohn, J. (2010). Women scientists must speak out. Nature, 468(7325), 733.
A journal article with 2 authors
Monsonego, A., & Weiner, H. L. (2003). Immunotherapeutic approaches to Alzheimer’s disease. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5646), 834–838.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rees, M., Koppelman, B., & Davison, N. (2010). Scientific steps to nuclear disarmament. Nature, 465(7296), 290–291.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Clarke, A. B., Voight, B., Neri, A., & Macedonio, G. (2002). Transient dynamics of vulcanian explosions and column collapse. Nature, 415(6874), 897–901.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Audibert, P. (2013). Mathematics for Informatics and Computer Science. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Korthals, M. (Ed.). (2011). Genomics, Obesity and the Struggle over Responsibilities (Vol. 18). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Bower, J. E., & Ganz, P. A. (2015). Symptoms: Fatigue and Cognitive Dysfunction. In P. A. Ganz (Ed.), Improving Outcomes for Breast Cancer Survivors: Perspectives on Research Challenges and Opportunities (pp. 53–75). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Road Materials and Pavement Design.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, October 31). Dark Energy May Be Consuming Dark Matter. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). B-2 Bomber: Early Radar Signature Tests (NSIAD-91-188). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lambert, M. (2015). Generational Differences in the Workplace: The Perspectives of Three Generations on Career Mobility [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M. (2017, June 10). Ahead of Tonys, Watching Everything. New York Times, A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rohn, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Monsonego & Weiner, 2003; Rohn, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Monsonego & Weiner, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Rees et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Clarke et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleRoad Materials and Pavement Design
AbbreviationRoad Mater. Pavement Des.
ISSN (print)1468-0629
ISSN (online)2164-7402
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering

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