How to format your references using the Road Materials and Pavement Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Road Materials and Pavement Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Caldecott, K. W. (2003). Cell signaling. The BRCT domain: signaling with friends? Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5645), 579–580.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gribble, P. L., & Scott, S. H. (2002). Overlap of internal models in motor cortex for mechanical loads during reaching. Nature, 417(6892), 938–941.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fujisawa, K., Wrana, J. L., & Culotti, J. G. (2007). The slit receptor EVA-1 coactivates a SAX-3/Robo mediated guidance signal in C. elegans. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5846), 1934–1938.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Nallagatla, S. R., Hwang, J., Toroney, R., Zheng, X., Cameron, C. E., & Bevilacqua, P. C. (2007). 5’-triphosphate-dependent activation of PKR by RNAs with short stem-loops. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5855), 1455–1458.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bhaduri, S., & Mukesh, D. (2014). Homogeneous Catalysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mander, Ü., Wiggering, H., & Helming, K. (Eds.). (2007). Multifunctional Land Use: Meeting Future Demands for Landscape Goods and Services. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wachinger, C., Yigitsoy, M., & Navab, N. (2010). Manifold Learning for Image-Based Breathing Gating with Application to 4D Ultrasound. In T. Jiang, N. Navab, J. P. W. Pluim, & M. A. Viergever (Eds.), Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2010: 13th International Conference, Beijing, China, September 20-24, 2010, Proceedings, Part II (pp. 26–33). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Road Materials and Pavement Design.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016, June 4). The Amazing Things Poo Can Tell You About An Animal’s Health. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Charter Schools: Limited Access to Facility Financing (HEHS-00-163). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Luna, M. (2017). A Case Study of the Influence of Multipurpose Spaces on Campus Life at an Institution of Art and Design [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2009, December 9). Balancing Football and Academic Success. New York Times, B16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Caldecott, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Caldecott, 2003; Gribble & Scott, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gribble & Scott, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Fujisawa et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Nallagatla et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleRoad Materials and Pavement Design
AbbreviationRoad Mater. Pavement Des.
ISSN (print)1468-0629
ISSN (online)2164-7402
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering

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