How to format your references using the Road Materials and Pavement Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Road Materials and Pavement Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
von der Linde, D. (2003). Materials science. A picosecond view of melting. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5649), 1345–1346.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pelkmans, L., & Zerial, M. (2005). Kinase-regulated quantal assemblies and kiss-and-run recycling of caveolae. Nature, 436(7047), 128–133.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chevrier, V., Poulet, F., & Bibring, J.-P. (2007). Early geochemical environment of Mars as determined from thermodynamics of phyllosilicates. Nature, 448(7149), 60–63.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Reya, T., Duncan, A. W., Ailles, L., Domen, J., Scherer, D. C., Willert, K., Hintz, L., Nusse, R., & Weissman, I. L. (2003). A role for Wnt signalling in self-renewal of haematopoietic stem cells. Nature, 423(6938), 409–414.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Datta, T. K. (2010). Seismic Analysis of Structures. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Lee, G. (Ed.). (2012). Advances in Automation and Robotics, Vol.1: Selected Papers from the 2011 International Conference on Automation and Robotics (ICAR 2011), Dubai, December 1–2, 2011 (Vol. 122). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lax, P. D., & Terrell, M. S. (2014). Applications of the Derivative. In M. S. Terrell (Ed.), Calculus With Applications (pp. 217–244). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Road Materials and Pavement Design.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, January 7). Solar Activity At Birth Could Influence Our Lifespan. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1971). Activities at the Regional Finance and Data Processing Center in Paris, France (B-146703). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Piekielek, J. A. (2009). Public wildlands at the U.S.-Mexico border: Where conservation, migration, and border enforcement collide [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, J. (2016, December 9). Immersed in Scores, Concerts and Classes. New York Times, MB2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (von der Linde, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Pelkmans & Zerial, 2005; von der Linde, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pelkmans & Zerial, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Chevrier et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Reya et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleRoad Materials and Pavement Design
AbbreviationRoad Mater. Pavement Des.
ISSN (print)1468-0629
ISSN (online)2164-7402
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering

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