How to format your references using the Road Materials and Pavement Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Road Materials and Pavement Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rose, K. D. (2001). Evolution. The ancestry of whales. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5538), 2216–2217.
A journal article with 2 authors
Birren, S. J., & Marder, E. (2013). Neuroscience. Plasticity in the neurotransmitter repertoire. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6131), 436–437.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ruefli-Brasse, A. A., French, D. M., & Dixit, V. M. (2003). Regulation of NF-kappaB-dependent lymphocyte activation and development by paracaspase. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5650), 1581–1584.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Masnadi, M. S., El-Houjeiri, H. M., Schunack, D., Li, Y., Englander, J. G., Badahdah, A., … Brandt, A. R. (2018). Global carbon intensity of crude oil production. Science (New York, N.Y.), 361(6405), 851–853.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wells, J. T. (2017). Corporate Fraud Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Battler, A. (2006). Stem Cell and Gene-Based Therapy: Frontiers in Regenerative Medicine. (J. Leor, Ed.). London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Tejchman, J., & Bobiński, J. (2013). Continuous and Discontinuous Modelling of Fracture in Plain Concrete under Monotonic Loading. In J. Bobiński (Ed.), Continuous and Discontinuous Modelling of Fracture in Concrete Using FEM (pp. 109–162). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Road Materials and Pavement Design.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, August 12). There Is A Rebellious Little Object Orbiting Weirdly Around The Solar System. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Research and Development: Counterdrug Technology Assessment Center’s Process for Funding Projects (No. AIMD-99-277R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Parada, P. M. (2013). Culture and Early Language Development: Implications for Assessment and Intervention (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2005, September 27). World Briefing | Europe: Ukraine: Russia Lifts Arrest For Ex-Premier. New York Times, p. A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rose, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Birren & Marder, 2013; Rose, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Birren & Marder, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Ruefli-Brasse, French, & Dixit, 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Masnadi et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleRoad Materials and Pavement Design
AbbreviationRoad Mater. Pavement Des.
ISSN (print)1468-0629
ISSN (online)2164-7402
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering

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