How to format your references using the Road Materials and Pavement Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Road Materials and Pavement Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sharma, P. (2005). Physics. How to create a spin current. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5709), 531–533.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rothman, D. H., & Forney, D. C. (2007). Physical model for the decay and preservation of marine organic carbon. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5829), 1325–1328.
A journal article with 3 authors
McGinty, R. K., Henrici, R. C., & Tan, S. (2014). Crystal structure of the PRC1 ubiquitylation module bound to the nucleosome. Nature, 514(7524), 591–596.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Du, D.-Y., Qin, J.-S., Sun, Z., Yan, L.-K., O’Keeffe, M., Su, Z.-M., Li, S.-L., Wang, X.-H., Wang, X.-L., & Lan, Y.-Q. (2013). An unprecedented (3,4,24)-connected heteropolyoxozincate organic framework as heterogeneous crystalline Lewis acid catalyst for biodiesel production. Scientific Reports, 3, 2616.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
The American Ceramic Society. (2009). Progress in Nanotechnology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Liu, Q., Bai, Q., Giugni, S., Williamson, D., & Taylor, J. (Eds.). (2013). Data Provenance and Data Management in eScience (Vol. 426). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
dell’Isola, F., Andreaus, U., & Placidi, L. (2014). A Still Topical Contribution of Gabrio Piola to Continuum Mechanics: The Creation of Peri-dynamics, Non-local and Higher Gradient Continuum Mechanics. In F. dell’Isola, G. Maier, U. Perego, U. Andreaus, R. Esposito, & S. Forest (Eds.), The complete works of Gabrio Piola: Volume I: Commented English Translation (pp. 696–750). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Road Materials and Pavement Design.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, January 29). Every Time A Fig Is Born There Is A Wasp Massacre. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976). Problems Associated With D.C. Public Schools Payroll Reporting System (No. 089538). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shaker, G. (2008). Off the track: The full-time nontenure -track faculty experience in English [Doctoral dissertation]. Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Goldsmith, J. (2017, March 15). Yes, We Are Holding Trump Accountable. New York Times, A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sharma, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Rothman & Forney, 2007; Sharma, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rothman & Forney, 2007)
  • Three authors: (McGinty et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Du et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleRoad Materials and Pavement Design
AbbreviationRoad Mater. Pavement Des.
ISSN (print)1468-0629
ISSN (online)2164-7402
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering

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