How to format your references using the Soil Science Society of America Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Soil Science Society of America Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Catania, K. 2014. The shocking predatory strike of the electric eel. Science 346(6214): 1231–1234.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weaver, M., and M.A. Krasnow. 2008. Dual origin of tissue-specific progenitor cells in Drosophila tracheal remodeling. Science 321(5895): 1496–1499.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rubin, K.H., C.H. Fletcher 3rd, and C. Sherman. 2000. Fossiliferous Lana’i deposits formed by multiple events rather than a single giant tsunami. Nature 408(6813): 675–681.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Porciello, G., B.S. Holmes, M.T. Liuzza, F. Crostella, S.M. Aglioti, et al. 2014. Interpersonal multisensory stimulation reduces the overwhelming distracting power of self-gaze: psychophysical evidence for “engazement.” Sci. Rep. 4: 6669.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gleeson, K. 2008. The Personal Efficiency Program. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Lloyd, C.E., F. Pouwer, and N. Hermanns, editors. 2013. Screening for Depression and Other Psychological Problems in Diabetes: A Practical Guide. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Bruni, V., P. Ferrara, and D. Vitulano. 2008. Color Scratches Removal Using Human Perception. In: Campilho, A. and Kamel, M., editors, Image Analysis and Recognition: 5th International Conference, ICIAR 2008, Póvoa de Varzim, Portugal, June 25-27, 2008. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. p. 33–42

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Soil Science Society of America Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. Watch Japanese Volcano Mount Shindake Erupt. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. State Department: Overseas Emergency Security Program Progressing, But Costs Are Increasing. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gu, P. 2017. Advanced Nonlinear Control and Estimation Methods for AC Power Generation Systems.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. 1992. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: News Analysis; The Center of Attention. New York Times: A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Catania, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Weaver and Krasnow, 2008; Catania, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Weaver and Krasnow, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Porciello et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSoil Science Society of America Journal
AbbreviationSoil Sci. Soc. Am. J.
ISSN (print)0361-5995
ScopeSoil Science

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