How to format your references using the Soil Science Society of America Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Soil Science Society of America Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lake, J.A. 2011. Lynn Margulis (1938-2011). Nature 480(7378): 458.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nielsen, T.A., and P. Stenstrom. 2005. What are the memory sources of dreaming? Nature 437(7063): 1286–1289.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mabe, S., T. Nagamune, and M. Kawahara. 2014. Detecting protein-protein interactions based on kinase-mediated growth induction of mammalian cells. Sci. Rep. 4: 6127.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Song, Y.J., A.F. Otte, Y. Kuk, Y. Hu, D.B. Torrance, et al. 2010. High-resolution tunnelling spectroscopy of a graphene quartet. Nature 467(7312): 185–189.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dasgupta, A. 2012. Resolving Erroneous Reports in Toxicology and Therapeutic Drug Monitoring. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Aldewereld, H., O. Boissier, V. Dignum, P. Noriega, and J. Padget, editors. 2016. Social Coordination Frameworks for Social Technical Systems. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Nowicki, K., A. Malinowski, and M. Sikorski. 2016. More Just Measure of Fairness for Sharing Network Resources. In: Gaj, P., Kwiecień, A., and Stera, P., editors, Computer Networks: 23rd International Conference, CN 2016, Brunów, Poland, June 14-17, 2016, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham. p. 52–58

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Soil Science Society of America Journal.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2015. Can You Guess How Much a Stegosaurus Weighs? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Federal Highway Programs: Status of Federal Highway Programs in the Absence of Reauthorization. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Arntson, J.D. 2015. Heidegger and disclosive rhetoric: Two divergent paths in immanence and transcendence.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. 2014. Another Dutch Sweep Leaves Americans Baffled. New York Times: D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Girardi, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Wilczek, 2004; Keil, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nielsen and Stenstrom, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleSoil Science Society of America Journal
AbbreviationSoil Sci. Soc. Am. J.
ISSN (print)0361-5995
ScopeSoil Science

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