How to format your references using the Soil Science Society of America Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Soil Science Society of America Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gintis, H. 2008. Behavior. Punishment and cooperation. Science 319(5868): 1345–1346.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cheetham, S.W., and A.H. Brand. 2013. Cell biology. Insulin finds its niche. Science 340(6134): 817–818.
A journal article with 3 authors
Berger, A.H., A.G. Knudson, and P.P. Pandolfi. 2011. A continuum model for tumour suppression. Nature 476(7359): 163–169.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Ren, M., C. Shang, X. Zhong, R. Guo, G. Lao, et al. 2014. Insulin-producing cells from embryonic stem cells rescues hyperglycemia via intra-spleen migration. Sci. Rep. 4: 7586.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adams, F., and K. Aizawa. 2010. The Bounds of Cognition. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Lahiri, S., A. Schick, A. SenGupta, and T.N. Sriram, editors. 2014. Contemporary Developments in Statistical Theory: A Festschrift for Hira Lal Koul. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Keeling, L., A. Evans, B. Forkman, and U. Kjaernes. 2013. Welfare Quality® principles and criteria. In: Blokhuis, H., Miele, M., Veissier, I., and Jones, B., editors, Improving farm animal welfare: Science and society working together: the Welfare Quality approach. Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen. p. 91–114

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Soil Science Society of America Journal.

Blog post
Davis, J. 2015. Scientists Identify Genetic Difference Between Early Risers And Late Sleepers. IFLScience. (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2016. Railroad Financing: Stakeholders’ Views on Recent Changes to the Railroad Rehabilitation and Improvement Financing Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rivas, V.E. 2014. Art appreciation program for homeless children: A grant proposal project.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. 2012. Yankees’ Old Ways Catch Up With Them. New York Times: D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gintis, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Gintis, 2008; Cheetham and Brand, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cheetham and Brand, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Ren et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSoil Science Society of America Journal
AbbreviationSoil Sci. Soc. Am. J.
ISSN (print)0361-5995
ScopeSoil Science

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