How to format your references using the Logica Universalis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Logica Universalis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Madden, J.D.W.: Materials science. Stiffer than steel. Science. 323, 1571–1572 (2009)
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith, L., Dunn, B.: Batteries. Opening the window for aqueous electrolytes. Science. 350, 918 (2015)
A journal article with 3 authors
Velikov, V., Borick, S., Angell, C.A.: The glass transition of water, based on hyperquenching experiments. Science. 294, 2335–2338 (2001)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sinnarajah, S., Dessauer, C.W., Srikumar, D., Chen, J., Yuen, J., Yilma, S., Dennis, J.C., Morrison, E.E., Vodyanoy, V., Kehrl, J.H.: RGS2 regulates signal transduction in olfactory neurons by attenuating activation of adenylyl cyclase III. Nature. 409, 1051–1055 (2001)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Straus, S.E., Sackett, D.L.: Mentorship in Academic Medicine. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2013)
An edited book
Xu, J.: Fuzzy-Like Multiple Objective Decision Making. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2011)
A chapter in an edited book
Kalra, M.K.: MDCT Radiation Dose: Recent Advances. In: Kalra, M.K., Saini, S., and Rubin, G.D. (eds.) MDCT: From Protocols to Practice. pp. 31–41. Springer, Milano (2008)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Logica Universalis.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: The Eye-Opening Parasite That Can Get In Through Your Contact Lens,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: The President’s Second Special Message for FY 1983. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1983)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adams, C.A.: Impact of water management and agronomic practices on the performance of insecticide seed treatments against rice water weevil, Lissorhoptrus oryzophilus Kuschel, in Mississippi rice, (2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, J.R.: A Man on a Mission, and Then Another, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLogica Universalis
AbbreviationLog. Univers.
ISSN (print)1661-8297
ISSN (online)1661-8300
ScopeApplied Mathematics

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