How to format your references using the Logica Universalis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Logica Universalis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Piran, T.: Astronomy. Demotion looms for gamma-ray bursts. Science. 295, 986–987 (2002)
A journal article with 2 authors
Thybo, H., Nielsen, C.A.: Magma-compensated crustal thinning in continental rift zones. Nature. 457, 873–876 (2009)
A journal article with 3 authors
de Mel, S., McKenzie, D., Woodruff, C.: One-time transfers of cash or capital have long-lasting effects on microenterprises in Sri Lanka. Science. 335, 962–966 (2012)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zeqiraj, E., Filippi, B.M., Deak, M., Alessi, D.R., van Aalten, D.M.F.: Structure of the LKB1-STRAD-MO25 complex reveals an allosteric mechanism of kinase activation. Science. 326, 1707–1711 (2009)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chen, K.-H.: Power Management Techniques for Integrated Circuit Design. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore (2016)
An edited book
Forestieri, E. ed: Optical Communication Theory and Techniques. Springer US, Boston, MA (2005)
A chapter in an edited book
Lahlou, S.: Supporting Collaboration with Augmented Environments. In: Dillenbourg, P., Huang, J., and Cherubini, M. (eds.) Interactive Artifacts and Furniture Supporting Collaborative Work and Learning. pp. 1–20. Springer US, Boston, MA (2009)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Logica Universalis.

Blog post
Taub, B.: Orangutans Can Guess How Things Taste Before They’ve Even Tried Them,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Access to Space: Issues Associated With DOD’s Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1997)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anderson, D.: Chamber Music in Early Piano Study: A Guide to Repertoire, (2004)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B.: A Richard III Straight Out of the Land of Id, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLogica Universalis
AbbreviationLog. Univers.
ISSN (print)1661-8297
ISSN (online)1661-8300
ScopeApplied Mathematics

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