How to format your references using the Logica Universalis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Logica Universalis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barry, J.M.: Pandemics: avoiding the mistakes of 1918. Nature. 459, 324–325 (2009)
A journal article with 2 authors
Pasare, C., Medzhitov, R.: Toll pathway-dependent blockade of CD4+CD25+ T cell-mediated suppression by dendritic cells. Science. 299, 1033–1036 (2003)
A journal article with 3 authors
Schmitz, B., Häggström, T., Tassinari, M.: Sediment-dispersed extraterrestrial chromite traces a major asteroid disruption event. Science. 300, 961–964 (2003)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Stagno, V., Bindi, L., Shibazaki, Y., Tange, Y., Higo, Y., Mao, H.-K., Steinhardt, P.J., Fei, Y.: Icosahedral AlCuFe quasicrystal at high pressure and temperature and its implications for the stability of icosahedrite. Sci. Rep. 4, 5869 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tran, J.: The Vietnam War and Theologies of Memory. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK (2010)
An edited book
Kimbell, R.: Researching Design Learning: Issues and Findings from Two Decades of Research and Development. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2007)
A chapter in an edited book
Yusoff, M.N., Jantan, A.: A Framework for Optimizing Malware Classification by Using Genetic Algorithm. In: Zain, J.M., Wan Mohd, W.M. bt, and El-Qawasmeh, E. (eds.) Software Engineering and Computer Systems: Second International Conference, ICSECS 2011, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia, June 27-29, 2011, Proceedings, Part II. pp. 58–72. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2011)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Logica Universalis.

Blog post
Luntz, S.: Clues To Ancient Meteor Impacts Found,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Opportunities To Fully Integrate Environmental Research and Development into Developing Energy Technologies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1978)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen, J.R.: Staging Vietnamese America: Music and the performance of Vietnamese American identities, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, I.: Hamburger Helper, (2004)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLogica Universalis
AbbreviationLog. Univers.
ISSN (print)1661-8297
ISSN (online)1661-8300
ScopeApplied Mathematics

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