How to format your references using the Soil Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Soil Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zapperi S (2010) Physics. Looking at how things slip. Science (New York, NY) 330, 184–185.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hunt PA, Hassold TJ (2002) Sex matters in meiosis. Science (New York, NY) 296, 2181–2183.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gu C, Jan YN, Jan LY (2003) A conserved domain in axonal targeting of Kv1 (Shaker) voltage-gated potassium channels. Science (New York, NY) 301, 646–649.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Citroni M, Ceppatelli M, Bini R, Schettino V (2002) Laser-induced selectivity for dimerization versus polymerization of butadiene under pressure. Science (New York, NY) 295, 2058–2060.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davis M, McKimm J, Forrest K (2013) ‘How to Assess Doctors and Health Professionals.’ (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK)
An edited book
Berkhout B, Ertl HCJ, Weinberg MS (Eds) (2015) ‘Gene Therapy for HIV and Chronic Infections.’ (Springer: New York, NY)
A chapter in an edited book
Cecílio J, Furtado P (2014) Scheduling of Wireless Sensor Networks. ‘Wireless Sensors in Industrial Time-Critical Environments’. (Ed P Furtado) Computer Communications and Networks. pp. 41–50. (Springer International Publishing: Cham)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Soil Research.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Invasive Weeds Sustain Malaria-Spreading Mosquitoes. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Trans-Alaska Pipeline: Actions to Improve Safety Are Under Way. U.S. Government Printing Office, RCED-95-162. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bakhoda A (2013) Synthesis and Electrochemistry of Ru(II) Vinylidenes. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nir SM (2017) Pocket Dial to Reporter Gets Courts’ Spokesman Fired. New York Times A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zapperi 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Hunt and Hassold 2002; Zapperi 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hunt and Hassold 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Citroni et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleSoil Research
AbbreviationSoil Res.
ISSN (print)1838-675X
ISSN (online)1838-6768
ScopeSoil Science
Earth-Surface Processes
Environmental Science (miscellaneous)

Other styles