How to format your references using the Soil Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Soil Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tyagi S (2010) Genomics. E. coli, what a noisy bug. Science (New York, NY) 329, 518–519.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cobey S, Lipsitch M (2012) Niche and neutral effects of acquired immunity permit coexistence of pneumococcal serotypes. Science (New York, NY) 335, 1376–1380.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang C, Yang Y-P, Duan Y-W (2014) Pollen sensitivity to ultraviolet-B (UV-B) suggests floral structure evolution in alpine plants. Scientific Reports 4, 4520.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mai S, Walker GE, Brunani A, Guzzaloni G, Grossi G, Oldani A, Aimaretti G, Scacchi M, Marzullo P (2014) Inherent insulin sensitivity is a major determinant of multimeric adiponectin responsiveness to short-term weight loss in extreme obesity. Scientific Reports 4, 5803.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Teague KA, Gallicchio N (2017) ‘The Evolution of Meteorology.’ (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK)
An edited book
Rahman A-U-, Khan AN, Shaw R (Eds) (2015) ‘Disaster Risk Reduction Approaches in Pakistan.’ (Springer Japan: Tokyo)
A chapter in an edited book
Razzaque MA, S. AS, Cheraghi SM (2013) Security and Privacy in Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks: Survey and the Road Ahead. ‘Wireless Networks and Security: Issues, Challenges and Research Trends’. (Eds S Khan, A-S Khan Pathan) Signals and Communication Technology. pp. 107–132. (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Soil Research.

Blog post
Taub B (2017) Tortoise Gets A Set Of Wheels After Injuring Legs Having Sex. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1972) Cost-Benefit Analysis Used in Support of the Space Shuttle Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, B-173677. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lim K (2017) An Inquiry of How Art Education Policies are Reflected in Art Teacher Preparation: Examining the Standards for Visual Arts and Art Teacher Certification. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich JR (2017) A Japanese Writer’s Reveries Are Voiced in Music. New York Times C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tyagi 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Tyagi 2010; Cobey and Lipsitch 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cobey and Lipsitch 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Mai et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSoil Research
AbbreviationSoil Res.
ISSN (print)1838-675X
ISSN (online)1838-6768
ScopeSoil Science
Earth-Surface Processes
Environmental Science (miscellaneous)

Other styles