How to format your references using the Soil Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Soil Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bandfield JL (2007) High-resolution subsurface water-ice distributions on Mars. Nature 447, 64–67.
A journal article with 2 authors
Krupovic M, Bamford DH (2011) Virology. Revealing virus-host interplay. Science (New York, NY) 333, 45–46.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bryden HL, McDonagh EL, King BA (2003) Changes in ocean water mass properties: oscillations or trends? Science (New York, NY) 300, 2086–2088.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hsu M, Bhatt M, Adolphs R, Tranel D, Camerer CF (2005) Neural systems responding to degrees of uncertainty in human decision-making. Science (New York, NY) 310, 1680–1683.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lesca H, Lesca N (2014) ‘Strategic Decisions and Weak Signals.’ (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK)
An edited book
Kasper E (2005) ‘Silicon Quantum Integrated Circuits: Silicon-Germanium Heterostructure Devices: Basics and Realisations.’ (DJ Paul, Ed.). (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg)
A chapter in an edited book
Svahn P (2015) Through the Northern Sea Route by Stena Polaris: A logbook. ‘The Northern Sea Route: A Comprehensive Analysis’. (Ed MM Keupp) pp. 69–88. (Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden: Wiesbaden)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Soil Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Embryonic Stem Cells Show Promise As MS Treatment In Mice. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Government Aircraft: Observations on Travel by Senior Officials. U.S. Government Printing Office, NSIAD-95-168BR. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cinquemani S (2017) Fostering New Spaces: Challenging Dominant Constructions of Power and Knowledge in Early Childhood Art Education. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Branch J, Pilon M (2012) A Careful Evangelical. New York Times B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bandfield 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Bandfield 2007; Krupovic and Bamford 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Krupovic and Bamford 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Hsu et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleSoil Research
AbbreviationSoil Res.
ISSN (print)1838-675X
ISSN (online)1838-6768
ScopeSoil Science
Earth-Surface Processes
Environmental Science (miscellaneous)

Other styles