How to format your references using the Soil Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Soil Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith C (2003) A question of form. Nature 422, 341.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sun F, He S (2014) Extending the scanning angle of a phased array antenna by using a null-space medium. Scientific reports 4, 6832.
A journal article with 3 authors
Veenstra GJ, Weeks DL, Wolffe AP (2000) Distinct roles for TBP and TBP-like factor in early embryonic gene transcription in Xenopus. Science (New York, NY) 290, 2312–2315.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Formisano V, Atreya S, Encrenaz T, Ignatiev N, Giuranna M (2004) Detection of methane in the atmosphere of Mars. Science (New York, NY) 306, 1758–1761.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Robinson N, Hall G, Fawcett W (2011) ‘How to Survive in Anaesthesia.’ (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK)
An edited book
Michell D, Wilson JZ, Archer V (Eds) (2015) ‘Bread and Roses: Voices of Australian Academics from the Working Class.’ (SensePublishers: Rotterdam)
A chapter in an edited book
Church JM (2015) Norms, Rules and Sustainable Planning: Who Said What About Norms. ‘Transitions to Sustainability’. (Eds F Mancebo, I Sachs) pp. 55–62. (Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Soil Research.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) GMOs Lead The Fight Against Zika, Ebola And The Next Unknown Pandemic. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Transportation Infrastructure: Benefits of Traffic Control Signal Systems Are Not Being Fully Realized. U.S. Government Printing Office, RCED-94-105. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lofton CD (2012) Mid-Career Transitions: A Qualitative Study Examining the Developmental Relationships, Attitudes, Networks, and Strategies of Frontline Workers that Seek Career Development and Advancement. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW (2012) MetLife Settles Cases On Benefits. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Smith 2003; Sun and He 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sun and He 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Formisano et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleSoil Research
AbbreviationSoil Res.
ISSN (print)1838-675X
ISSN (online)1838-6768
ScopeSoil Science
Earth-Surface Processes
Environmental Science (miscellaneous)

Other styles