How to format your references using the Soil Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Soil Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hyman SE (2008) A glimmer of light for neuropsychiatric disorders. Nature 455, 890–893.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kelleher RJ 3rd, Shen J (2010) Genetics. Gamma-secretase and human disease. Science (New York, NY) 330, 1055–1056.
A journal article with 3 authors
Eilken HM, Nishikawa S-I, Schroeder T (2009) Continuous single-cell imaging of blood generation from haemogenic endothelium. Nature 457, 896–900.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Suydam IT, Snow CD, Pande VS, Boxer SG (2006) Electric fields at the active site of an enzyme: direct comparison of experiment with theory. Science (New York, NY) 313, 200–204.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lieser KH (2007) ‘Nuclear and Radiochemistry: Fundamentals and Applications.’ (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH: Weinheim, Germany)
An edited book
Barbé E, Costa O, Kissack R (Eds) (2016) ‘EU Policy Responses to a Shifting Multilateral System.’ (Palgrave Macmillan UK: London)
A chapter in an edited book
Strate J, Krueger T (2012) Index Myths and Best Practices. ‘Expert Performance Indexing for SQL Server 2012’. (Ed T Krueger) pp. 121–134. (Apress: Berkeley, CA)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Soil Research.

Blog post
Andrew D (2017) Electroconvulsive Therapy: A History Of Controversy, But Also Of Help. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Information Technology: DHS Needs to Fully Define and Implement Policies and Procedures for Effectively Managing Investments. U.S. Government Printing Office, GAO-07-424. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ciolek R (2017) A Mixed Method Study on the Missouri Beginning Teachers Assistance Program and Teacher Retention in Saint Louis School Districts. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard B (2016) Rebels’ Plight Is Clear in Yemeni Capital. New York Times A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hyman 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Hyman 2008; Kelleher and Shen 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kelleher and Shen 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Suydam et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleSoil Research
AbbreviationSoil Res.
ISSN (print)1838-675X
ISSN (online)1838-6768
ScopeSoil Science
Earth-Surface Processes
Environmental Science (miscellaneous)

Other styles