How to format your references using the Folia Primatologica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Folia Primatologica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bosch X: Vatican approves use of animal transplants “to benefit humans.” Nature 2001;413:445.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sarda P, Guillot B: Breaking of Henry’s law for noble gas and CO2 solubility in silicate melt under pressure. Nature 2005;436:95–98.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lemaître J-M, Bocquet S, Méchali M: Competence to replicate in the unfertilized egg is conferred by Cdc6 during meiotic maturation. Nature 2002;419:718–722.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Xu P, Tian C, Zhang Y, Jing W, Wang Z, Liu T, et al.: Cortical network properties revealed by SSVEP in anesthetized rats. Sci Rep 2013;3:2496.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brigo D, Morini M, Pallavicini A: Counterparty Credit Risk, Collateral and Funding, Chichester, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2013.
An edited book
Zimmer J, editor: Natural Killer Cells: At the Forefront of Modern Immunology, Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Sanders CJ: Toward an Aesthetics of Engagement; in Dickerson V (ed): Poststructural and Narrative Thinking in Family Therapy. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp 61–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Folia Primatologica.

Blog post
Luntz S: Magnificent Roll Cloud Filmed Over Texas [Internet]. IFLScience 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Aviation Security: Further Steps Needed to Strengthen the Security of Commercial Airport Perimeters and Access Controls, Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stitt CR: Differences in theoretical constructs of processing health information in narrative entertainment television messages 2008;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barry E, Kishkovsky S: Latest Twist at Bolshoi: Director Is Pushed Out. New York Times 2013;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleFolia Primatologica
AbbreviationFolia Primatol. (Basel)
ISSN (print)0015-5713
ISSN (online)1421-9980
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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