How to format your references using the Folia Primatologica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Folia Primatologica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hambäck PA: Ecology. A green or a prickly world? Science 2010;327:1583–1584.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lewis A, Tomlinson I: Cancer. The utility of mouse models in post-GWAS research. Science 2012;338:1301–1302.
A journal article with 3 authors
Koschowitz M-C, Fischer C, Sander M: Evolution. Beyond the rainbow. Science 2014;346:416–418.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Buzio R, Repetto L, Giacopelli F, Ravazzolo R, Valbusa U: Symmetric curvature descriptors for label-free analysis of DNA. Sci Rep 2014;4:6459.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Devolder P, Janssen J, Manca R: Stochastic Methods for Pension Funds, Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2012.
An edited book
Castoldi F, Blonna D, Assom M, editors: Simple and Complex Fractures of the Humerus: A Guide to Assessment and Treatment, Milano, Springer, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Kamel N, Ouchen I, Baali K: A Sampling-PSO-K-means Algorithm for Document Clustering; in Pan J-S, Krömer P, Snášel V (eds): Genetic and Evolutionary Computing: Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Genetic and Evolutionary Computing, ICGEC 2013, August 25 - 27, 2013 - Prague, Czech Republic. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2014, pp 45–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Folia Primatologica.

Blog post
Andrew E: An Enormous Mysterious Crack Just Opened Up In The Middle Of The Arizona Desert [Internet]. IFLScience 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Digital Television Transition: Increased Federal Planning and Risk Management Could Further Facilitate the DTV Transition, Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chongkrairatanakul W: Foreign-educated nurses 2012;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich JR: Singing ‘Happy 450th Birthday’ to Monteverdi. New York Times 2017;C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleFolia Primatologica
AbbreviationFolia Primatol. (Basel)
ISSN (print)0015-5713
ISSN (online)1421-9980
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles