How to format your references using the Folia Primatologica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Folia Primatologica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Turner MS: Quarks and the cosmos. Science 2007;315:59–61.
A journal article with 2 authors
Miller GT, Pitnick S: Sperm-female coevolution in Drosophila. Science 2002;298:1230–1233.
A journal article with 3 authors
Korkhov VM, Mireku SA, Locher KP: Structure of AMP-PNP-bound vitamin B12 transporter BtuCD-F. Nature 2012;490:367–372.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tian B, Zheng X, Kempa TJ, Fang Y, Yu N, Yu G, et al.: Coaxial silicon nanowires as solar cells and nanoelectronic power sources. Nature 2007;449:885–889.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vaughan D, Robinson N, Lucas N, Arulkumaran S: Handbook of Obstetric High Dependency Care, Oxford, UK, Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.
An edited book
Aral A: Applications of q-Calculus in Operator Theory, New York, NY, Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Economopoulos KJ: The Role of Femoroacetabular Impingement in the Etiology of Athletic Pubalgia and Sports Hernias; in Diduch DR, Brunt LM (eds): Sports Hernia and Athletic Pubalgia: Diagnosis and Treatment. Boston, MA, Springer US, 2014, pp 55–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Folia Primatologica.

Blog post
Evans K: Seafood Eaters May Be Ingesting Up To 11,000 Microplastic Particles A Year [Internet]. IFLScience 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Railroad Regulation: Shipper Experiences and Current Issues in ICC Regulation of Rail Rates, Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCorvey ZJ: Addressing disruptive behaviors in an After School Program classroom: The effects of the Daily Behavior Report Card 2013;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky L: Mystery House. New York Times 2012;ST3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleFolia Primatologica
AbbreviationFolia Primatol. (Basel)
ISSN (print)0015-5713
ISSN (online)1421-9980
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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