How to format your references using the Folia Primatologica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Folia Primatologica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rustichini A: Neuroscience. Emotion and reason in making decisions. Science 2005;310:1624–1625.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gick B, Derrick D: Aero-tactile integration in speech perception. Nature 2009;462:502–504.
A journal article with 3 authors
Usdin M, Guillerm M, Chirac P: Neglected tests for neglected patients. Nature 2006;441:283–284.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Schöck F, Reischl J, Wimmer E, Taubert H, Purnell BA, Jäckle H: Phenotypic suppression of empty spiracles is prevented by buttonhead. Nature 2000;405:351–354.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Geren RL: Applying the Building Code, Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2016.
An edited book
Nakanishi TM, Tanoi K, editors: Agricultural Implications of the Fukushima Nuclear Accident, Tokyo, Springer Japan, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang SX, Pineda SL: Corruption as a Causal Factor in Human Trafficking; in Siegel D, Nelen H (eds): Organized Crime: Culture, Markets and Policies. New York, NY, Springer, 2008, pp 41–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Folia Primatologica.

Blog post
Carpineti A: Two Nearby Earth-Sized Exoplanets Confirmed To Be Rocky [Internet]. IFLScience 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Strong Centralized Management Needed in Computer-Based Information Systems, Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aggarwal E: South Asian women’s attitudes toward help-seeking behaviors 2012;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lewis MJ: The Art of War. New York Times 2017;BR21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleFolia Primatologica
AbbreviationFolia Primatol. (Basel)
ISSN (print)0015-5713
ISSN (online)1421-9980
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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