How to format your references using the Folia Primatologica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Folia Primatologica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker J: The falcon has landed. Introduction to special issue. Science 2006;312:1327.
A journal article with 2 authors
Apesteguía S, Novas FE: Large Cretaceous sphenodontian from Patagonia provides insight into lepidosaur evolution in Gondwana. Nature 2003;425:609–612.
A journal article with 3 authors
Smith DE, Zuber MT, Neumann GA: Seasonal variations of snow depth on Mars. Science 2001;294:2141–2146.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hsu H-J, Liang M-R, Chen C-T, Chung B-C: Pregnenolone stabilizes microtubules and promotes zebrafish embryonic cell movement. Nature 2006;439:480–483.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Warren AEA, Lerner RM, Phelps E: Thriving and Spirituality Among Youth, Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
Aspinall D, Camenisch J, Hansen M, Fischer-Hübner S, Raab C, editors: Privacy and Identity Management. Time for a Revolution?: 10th IFIP WG 9.2, 9.5, 9.6/11.7, 11.4, 11.6/SIG 9.2.2 International Summer School, Edinburgh, UK, August 16-21, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Graff S, Piety T: The New First Amendment and Its Implications for Combating Obesity Through Regulation of Advertising; in Williams JD, Pasch KE, Collins CA (eds): Advances in Communication Research to Reduce Childhood Obesity. New York, NY, Springer, 2013, pp 101–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Folia Primatologica.

Blog post
Fang J: Layer of Sunscreen Discovered on Boiling-Hot Exoplanet [Internet]. IFLScience 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Actions Taken or Needed To Curb Widespread Abuse of the Citizens Band Radio Service, Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Purdy DW: Identifying Shallow Foundation Failure Modes and Mechanisms Using Surveillance of a Transparent Granular Soil Surrogate 2017;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K: That Distinctive New-Park Odor Turns Out to Be Leaking Sewage. New York Times 2000;146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleFolia Primatologica
AbbreviationFolia Primatol. (Basel)
ISSN (print)0015-5713
ISSN (online)1421-9980
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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