How to format your references using the The European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sage, L. (2001). Scope for improvement. Nature, 414(6864), 4–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Greene, M. J., & Gordon, D. M. (2003). Social insects: Cuticular hydrocarbons inform task decisions. Nature, 423(6935), 32.
A journal article with 3 authors
Park, S. T., Kim, S. K., & Kim, M. S. (2002). Observation of conformation-specific pathways in the photodissociation of 1-iodopropane ions. Nature, 415(6869), 306–308.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Martrat, B., Grimalt, J. O., Shackleton, N. J., de Abreu, L., Hutterli, M. A., & Stocker, T. F. (2007). Four climate cycles of recurring deep and surface water destabilizations on the Iberian margin. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5837), 502–507.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Youssef, H. A. (2015). Machining of Stainless Steels and Super Alloys. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Alvarenga, M. E., & Byrne, D. (Eds.). (2016). Handbook of Psychocardiology. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Glatzel, M. (2005). Human prion diseases: novel diagnostic principles. In T. Kitamoto (Ed.), Prions: Food and Drug Safety (pp. 67–76). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 3). Here’s Why Scientists Haven’t Invented An Impossible Space Engine – Despite What You May Have Read. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Technology Transfers: Benefits of Cooperative R&D Agreements (RCED-95-52). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ishutov, S. (2013). Tectonic characterization of the THUMS-Huntington Beach fault, offshore southern California [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. (2017, March 28). The Rise of Surreality TV. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sage, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Greene & Gordon, 2003; Sage, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Greene & Gordon, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Park et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Martrat et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context
ISSN (print)1889-1861
ScopeApplied Psychology

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