How to format your references using the The European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Craelius, W. (2002). The bionic man: restoring mobility. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5557), 1018–1021.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith, E. C., & Lewicki, M. S. (2006). Efficient auditory coding. Nature, 439(7079), 978–982.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhao, Z.-F., Dai, L.-Q., & Zheng, Y.-F. (2013). Postcollisional mafic igneous rocks record crust-mantle interaction during continental deep subduction. Scientific Reports, 3, 3413.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Evans, D. R., Tayati, P., An, H., Lam, P. K., Craig, V. S. J., & Senden, T. J. (2014). Laser actuation of cantilevers for picometre amplitude dynamic force microscopy. Scientific Reports, 4, 5567.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dewulf, G., Blanken, A., & Bult-Spiering, M. (2012). Strategic Issues in Public-Private Partnerships. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Nicolopoulou-Stamati, P., Hens, L., & Howard, C. V. (Eds.). (2005). Environmental Health Impacts of Transport and Mobility (Vol. 21). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Eychmüller, S. (2015). Definition, Pathophysiology, and Assessment of Pain. In B. Alt-Epping & F. Nauck (Eds.), Palliative Care in Oncology (pp. 51–58). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, August 4). An End To Sleepless Nights? New Hope For Families Raising Children With ADHD. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). Aviation Security: Efforts to Validate TSA’s Passenger Screening Behavior Detection Program Underway, but Opportunities Exist to Strengthen Validation and Address Operational Challenges (GAO-10-763). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crowley, C. E. (2012). Aging of Florida Blue Crabs, Callinectes sapidus, Through the Biochemical Extraction of Lipofuscin [Doctoral dissertation]. University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E. (1995, January 8). PLAYING IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD. New York Times, 139.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Craelius, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Craelius, 2002; Smith & Lewicki, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Smith & Lewicki, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Zhao et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Evans et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context
ISSN (print)1889-1861
ScopeApplied Psychology

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