How to format your references using the The European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nicholls, H. (2011). The art of conservation. Nature, 472(7343), 287–289.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hathaway, D. H., & Rightmire, L. (2010). Variations in the Sun’s meridional flow over a solar cycle. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5971), 1350–1352.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, J., Zhu, L., & Gummerum, M. (2014). The relationship between moral judgment and cooperation in children with high-functioning autism. Scientific Reports, 4, 4314.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, X., Zhao, X., Gao, P., & Wu, M. (2013). c-Myc modulates microRNA processing via the transcriptional regulation of Drosha. Scientific Reports, 3, 1942.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Riches, J. (2008). Galatians Through the Centuries. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Hromkovič, J., Královič, R., & Vahrenhold, J. (Eds.). (2010). Teaching Fundamentals Concepts of Informatics: 4th International Conference on Informatics in Secondary Schools - Evolution and Perspectives, ISSEP 2010, Zurich, Switzerland, January 13-15, 2010. Proceedings (Vol. 5941). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Patel, M., & Nagl, S. (2010). Complexity and Model Integration: Formalisations. In S. Nagl (Ed.), The Role of Model Integration in Complex Systems Modelling: An Example from Cancer Biology (pp. 57–76). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, May 11). Incredible New Image Of The Crab Nebula Created By 5 Telescopes Combined. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Telecommunications: German DTV Transition Differs from U.S. Transition in Many Respects, but Certain Key Challenges Are Similar (GAO-04-926T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Heatlie, J. M. (2015). Effects of Simulation on Senior Nursing Students’ Patient Safety Competence: A Quantitative Study [Doctoral dissertation]. Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Robinson, L. (2010, August 22). Christians and Muslims. New York Times, BR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nicholls, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Hathaway & Rightmire, 2010; Nicholls, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hathaway & Rightmire, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Li et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wang et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context
ISSN (print)1889-1861
ScopeApplied Psychology

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