How to format your references using the The European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Christensen, P. R. (2003). Formation of recent martian gullies through melting of extensive water-rich snow deposits. Nature, 422(6927), 45–48.
A journal article with 2 authors
Scotland, R. W., & Sanderson, M. J. (2004). The significance of few versus many in the tree of life. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5658), 643.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yamamoto, T., Inui, T., & Tsuji, T. (2013). The odor of Osmanthus fragrans attenuates food intake. Scientific Reports, 3, 1518.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Huertas, P., Cortés-Ledesma, F., Sartori, A. A., Aguilera, A., & Jackson, S. P. (2008). CDK targets Sae2 to control DNA-end resection and homologous recombination. Nature, 455(7213), 689–692.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maksoud, M. A. (2017). Quick Reference to Dental Implant Surgery. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ábrahám, E., & Havelund, K. (Eds.). (2014). Tools and Algorithms for the Construction and Analysis of Systems: 20th International Conference, TACAS 2014, Held as Part of the European Joint Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2014, Grenoble, France, April 5-13, 2014. Proceedings (Vol. 8413). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
McBride, W. S. (2010). African-American Women, Power, and Freedom in the Contested Landscape of Camp Nelson, Kentucky. In S. Baugher & S. M. Spencer-Wood (Eds.), Archaeology and Preservation of Gendered Landscapes (pp. 95–112). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, August 1). Gullies On Mars Are Not Formed By Liquid Water – But Other Features Are. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). University Research: Most Federal Agencies Need to Better Protect against Financial Conflicts of Interest (No. GAO-04-31). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Obeng-Dompreh, S. (2008). The impact of servicemembers’ learning styles and computer anxiety levels on computer -mediated learning (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman, M. M. (2010, July 18). In Michigan, Homage to the Auto’s Heritage. New York Times, p. AU4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Christensen, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Christensen, 2003; Scotland & Sanderson, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Scotland & Sanderson, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Yamamoto, Inui, & Tsuji, 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Huertas, Cortés-Ledesma, Sartori, Aguilera, & Jackson, 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context
ISSN (print)1889-1861
ScopeApplied Psychology

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