How to format your references using the Soil Processes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Soil Processes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gibbons, A. GENOMICS: Building a Case for Sequencing the Chimp. Science 2000, 289, 1267a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Soutoglou, E.; Talianidis, I. Coordination of PIC Assembly and Chromatin Remodeling during Differentiation-Induced Gene Activation. Science 2002, 295, 1901–1904.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schmittner, A.; Yoshimori, M.; Weaver, A.J. Instability of Glacial Climate in a Model of the Ocean- Atmosphere-Cryosphere System. Science 2002, 295, 1489–1493.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Itoh, T.; Koshiba, S.; Kigawa, T.; Kikuchi, A.; Yokoyama, S.; Takenawa, T. Role of the ENTH Domain in Phosphatidylinositol-4,5-Bisphosphate Binding and Endocytosis. Science 2001, 291, 1047–1051.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lavagnini, I.; Magno, F.; Seraglia, R.; Traldi, P. Quantitative Applications of Mass Spectrometry; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2006; ISBN 9780470029022.
An edited book
Ochs, M. Radionuclide and Metal Sorption on Cement and Concrete; Mallants, D., Wang, L., Eds.; Topics in Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality; 1st ed. 2016.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; Vol. 9999; ISBN 9783319236506.
A chapter in an edited book
Moroski-Erkul, C.A.; Demir, E.; Gunduz, E.; Gunduz, M. Genetic Basis of Metastasis. In International Manual of Oncology Practice: (iMOP) - Principles of Medical Oncology; de Mello, R.A., Tavares, Á., Mountzios, G., Eds.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; pp. 63–79 ISBN 9783319216829.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Soil Processes.

Blog post
Davis, J. Battle Of The Deep Sea Monsters: Colossal Squid Vs Giant Toothfish (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Federal Research: The Small Business Technology Transfer Program; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1997;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kulavuz-Onal, D. English Language Teachers’ Learning to Teach with Technology through Participation in an Online Community of Practice: A Netnography of Webheads in Action. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida: Tampa, FL, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J. Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times 2017, MM22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSoil Processes
ISSN (online)2411-5126

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