How to format your references using the Soil Processes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Soil Processes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Richter, L.M. Studying Adolescence. Science 2006, 312, 1902–1905.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ignés-Mullol, J.; Schwartz, D.K. Shear-Induced Molecular Precession in a Hexatic Langmuir Monolayer. Nature 2001, 410, 348–351.
A journal article with 3 authors
Thornalley, D.J.R.; Elderfield, H.; McCave, I.N. Holocene Oscillations in Temperature and Salinity of the Surface Subpolar North Atlantic. Nature 2009, 457, 711–714.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bénazet, J.-D.; Bischofberger, M.; Tiecke, E.; Gonçalves, A.; Martin, J.F.; Zuniga, A.; Naef, F.; Zeller, R. A Self-Regulatory System of Interlinked Signaling Feedback Loops Controls Mouse Limb Patterning. Science 2009, 323, 1050–1053.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pickles, J.; Smith, A.; Begg, R.; Buček, M.; Roukova, P.; Pástor, R. Articulations of Capital; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2015; ISBN 9781118632864.
An edited book
Schwartz, D.D. Healthcare Partnerships for Pediatric Adherence: Promoting Collaborative Management for Pediatric Chronic Illness Care; Axelrad, M.E., Ed.; SpringerBriefs in Public Health; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; ISBN 9783319136677.
A chapter in an edited book
Maus, H.; Holz, H.; Bernardi, A.; Rostanin, O. Leveraging Passive Paper Piles to Active Objects in Personal Knowledge Spaces. In Professional Knowledge Management: Third Biennial Conference, WM 2005, Kaiserslautern, Germany, April 10-13, 2005, Revised Selected Papers; Althoff, K.-D., Dengel, A., Bergmann, R., Nick, M., Roth-Berghofer, T., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005; pp. 50–59 ISBN 9783540304654.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Soil Processes.

Blog post
Hale, T. Brown Bear Given Beer And Junk Food By Tourists Is Saved From Captivity In Albania Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office K-12 Education: School-Based Physical Education and Sports Programs; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2012;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cady, S.C. Successful Student Goal Completion: A Community College Case Study. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University: Minneapolis, MN, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E. The Life and Times Of a Young Rock Band. New York Times 1995, 131.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSoil Processes
ISSN (online)2411-5126

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