How to format your references using the Soil Processes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Soil Processes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenberg, R.S. Science and the Law. Patent Swords and Shields. Science 2003, 299, 1018–1019.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vlaminck, V.; Bailleul, M. Current-Induced Spin-Wave Doppler Shift. Science 2008, 322, 410–413.
A journal article with 3 authors
Asphaug, E.; Agnor, C.B.; Williams, Q. Hit-and-Run Planetary Collisions. Nature 2006, 439, 155–160.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Alexander, C.M.O.; Grossman, J.N.; Ebel, D.S.; Ciesla, F.J. The Formation Conditions of Chondrules and Chondrites. Science 2008, 320, 1617–1619.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Möller, G. Geotechnik; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, Germany, 2013; ISBN 9783433602867.
An edited book
Majchrzak, A. Activating the Tools of Social Media for Innovative Collaboration in the Enterprise; Fife, E., Min, Q., Pereira, F., Eds.; SpringerBriefs in Digital Spaces; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014; ISBN 9783319032290.
A chapter in an edited book
Novikova, E.; Kotenko, I. Visual Analytics for Detecting Anomalous Activity in Mobile Money Transfer Services. In Availability, Reliability, and Security in Information Systems: IFIP WG 8.4, 8.9, TC 5 International Cross-Domain Conference, CD-ARES 2014 and 4th International Workshop on Security and Cognitive Informatics for Homeland Defense, SeCIHD 2014, Fribourg, Switzerland, September 8-12, 2014. Proceedings; Teufel, S., Min, T.A., You, I., Weippl, E., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014; pp. 63–78 ISBN 9783319109749.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Soil Processes.

Blog post
Luntz, S. Koala Sperm Lasts In The Fridge, Not The Freezer Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Aviation Safety: FAA Management Practices for Technical Training Mostly Effective; Further Actions Could Enhance Results; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2005;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lyzlov, A. In Vivo Efficacy of Lanthanum Carbonate on Intestinal Phosphorus Absorption in Stage Five Chronic Kidney Disease Patients Undergoing Peritoneal Dialysis. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. Justices Take Up Police Use of Lethal Force. New York Times 2007, A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSoil Processes
ISSN (online)2411-5126

Other styles