How to format your references using the Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Foulger GR (2006) Geophysics. Toward “supervolcano” technology. Science 313:768–769
A journal article with 2 authors
Berners-Lee T, Hendler J (2001) Publishing on the semantic web. Nature 410:1023–1024
A journal article with 3 authors
Brose U, Williams RJ, Martinez ND (2003) Comment on “Foraging adaptation and the relationship between food-web complexity and stability.” Science 301:918; author reply 918
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Tanabe T, Kuwabara T, Warashina M, et al (2000) Oncogene inactivation in a mouse model. Nature 406:473–474

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gerardi MH (2010) Troubleshooting the Sequencing Batch Reactor. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Abd Manaf A, Sahibuddin S, Ahmad R, et al (2011) Informatics Engineering and Information Science: International Conference, ICIEIS 2011, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, November 14-16, 2011, Proceedings, Part IV. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Howard B, Yang T (2012) The Main Results. In: Yang T (ed) Intersections of Hirzebruch–Zagier Divisors and CM Cycles. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 65–84

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) China’s Dinosaur Fossil Hotbed Caused By Pompeii-like Volcano. In: IFLScience.’s-dinosaur-fossil-hotbed-caused-pompeii-volcano/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003) Title I: Although Definitions of Administrative Expenditures Vary, Almost All Districts Studied Spent Less Than 10 Percent on Administration. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vianna MH (2015) An exploration of the factors that influence Brazilian students’ fluency of English: A case study. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ryerson J (2017) University Presses. New York Times BR27

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
AbbreviationArch. Gynecol. Obstet.
ISSN (print)0932-0067
ISSN (online)1432-0711
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Other styles