How to format your references using the Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Graf P (2003) Hive beetle causes a buzz in Europe. Nature 423:793
A journal article with 2 authors
Sakaba T, Neher E (2003) Direct modulation of synaptic vesicle priming by GABA(B) receptor activation at a glutamatergic synapse. Nature 424:775–778
A journal article with 3 authors
Yang X, Zhou Y, Xiao M (2013) Entangler via electromagnetically induced transparency with an atomic ensemble. Sci Rep 3:3479
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kim K, Doi A, Wen B, et al (2010) Epigenetic memory in induced pluripotent stem cells. Nature 467:285–290

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown RA (2012) Extreme Tissue Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Kozák J (2010) The Illustrated History of Natural Disasters. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Lam THW, Lee RST (2007) iJADE FreeWalker – An Intelligent Ontology Agent-based Tourist Guiding System. In: Lee RST, Loia V (eds) Computational Intelligence for Agent-based Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 103–125

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics.

Blog post
Hale T (2017) These Maps Show The Most Popular Porn Searches In Each US State. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Computer Matching Act: OMB and Selected Agencies Need to Ensure Consistent Implementation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bhatnagar A (2012) Buckling and weight optimization for non-coupled antisymmetric laminates. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bordewich FM (2017) Debate Prep. New York Times BR21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
AbbreviationArch. Gynecol. Obstet.
ISSN (print)0932-0067
ISSN (online)1432-0711
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Other styles