How to format your references using the Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Seife C (2000) ASTRONOMY: Brown Dwarf’s Flare Opens X-ray Eyes. Science 289:373a–4a
A journal article with 2 authors
Neronov A, Vovk I (2010) Evidence for strong extragalactic magnetic fields from Fermi observations of TeV blazars. Science 328:73–75
A journal article with 3 authors
Hochberg YV, Serrano C, Ziedonis R (2015) ENTREPRENEURSHIP. Intangible but bankable. Science 348:1202
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Driskell AC, Ané C, Burleigh JG, et al (2004) Prospects for building the tree of life from large sequence databases. Science 306:1172–1174

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chen ZN, Chia MYW (2006) Broadband Planar Antennas. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Mann S (2011) Sectors Matter!: Exploring Mesoeconomics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Alnemr R, Cayirci E, Corte LD, et al (2016) A Data Protection Impact Assessment Methodology for Cloud. In: Berendt B, Engel T, Ikonomou D, et al (eds) Privacy Technologies and Policy: Third Annual Privacy Forum, APF 2015, Luxembourg, Luxembourg, October 7-8, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 60–92

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) Young Lemurs Sing Out Of Sync With Their Parents To Get Noticed. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) Early Education and Care: Overlap Indicates Need to Assess Crosscutting Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clarke PN (2008) Program evaluation: A study to evaluate the effectiveness of an alternative education program in a rural county of a mid-Atlantic U.S. state. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Reinhart MK (2015) High-Profile Union Ends Abruptly. New York Times ST14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
AbbreviationArch. Gynecol. Obstet.
ISSN (print)0932-0067
ISSN (online)1432-0711
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Other styles