How to format your references using the Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ballschmiter K (2002) Atmospheric chemistry. A marine source for alkyl nitrates. Science 297:1127–1128
A journal article with 2 authors
Paul WE, Germain RN (2003) Obituary: Charles A. Janeway Jr (1943-2003). Nature 423:237
A journal article with 3 authors
Shu Y, Hasenstaub A, McCormick DA (2003) Turning on and off recurrent balanced cortical activity. Nature 423:288–293
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Sahin E, Colla S, Liesa M, et al (2011) Telomere dysfunction induces metabolic and mitochondrial compromise. Nature 470:359–365

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alberty RA (2005) Thermodynamics of Biochemical Reactions. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Emadzadeh AA (2011) Navigation in Space by X-ray Pulsars. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Sampaolesi R, Sampaolesi JR, Zárate J (2014) Structure and Function of the Tissues That Are in Contact with the Aqueous Humor. In: Sampaolesi JR, Zárate J (eds) The Glaucomas: Volume II - Open Angle Glaucoma and Angle Closure Glaucoma. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 39–70

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Watch This Ex-Circus Lion Feel Grass For The First Time. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Child Support Enforcement: Strong Leadership Required to Maximize Benefits of Automated Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim EH (2010) A personal narrative of a Korean immigrant to the United States: A quest for finding a niche. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman J (2016) A Hot Spot for River Otters? The Latrine. New York Times D2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
AbbreviationArch. Gynecol. Obstet.
ISSN (print)0932-0067
ISSN (online)1432-0711
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Other styles