How to format your references using the Journal of Food Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Food Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ricklefs, R.E., 2004. Cladogenesis and morphological diversification in passerine birds. Nature 430, 338–341.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ouellette, A.J., Selsted, M.E., 2012. Immunology. HD6 defensin nanonets. Science 337, 420–421.
A journal article with 3 authors
Winkler, W., Nahvi, A., Breaker, R.R., 2002. Thiamine derivatives bind messenger RNAs directly to regulate bacterial gene expression. Nature 419, 952–956.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kukura, P., McCamant, D.W., Yoon, S., Wandschneider, D.B., Mathies, R.A., 2005. Structural observation of the primary isomerization in vision with femtosecond-stimulated Raman. Science 310, 1006–1009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vallin, R.W., 2013. The Elements of Cantor Sets. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Malaval, P., 2014. Aerospace Marketing Management: A Handbook for the Entire Value Chain, Management for Professionals. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Neckers, L., Ivy, P., 2008. 17-AAG, in: Kaufman, H.L., Wadler, S., Antman, K. (Eds.), Molecular Targeting in Oncology, Cancer Drug Discovery and Development. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 75–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Food Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Shark-Counting Divers Off Costa Rica Reveal Limits Of Marine Reserves [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Environmental Cleanup Costs: NASA Is Making Progress in Identifying Contamination, but More Effort Is Needed (No. NSIAD-97-98). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stephens, B.S., 2017. Understanding CXC Chemokine Receptor 4 Activation by CXC Chemokine Ligand 12 (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J., 2017. Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times MM24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ricklefs, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Ouellette and Selsted, 2012; Ricklefs, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ouellette and Selsted, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Kukura et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Food Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Food Eng.
ISSN (print)0260-8774
ScopeFood Science

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