How to format your references using the Journal of Food Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Food Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hough, S.E., 2009. Journal club. A seismologist considers a new method of earthquake prediction. Nature 457, 767.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cunningham, E.J., Russell, A.F., 2000. Egg investment is influenced by male attractiveness in the mallard. Nature 404, 74–77.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kremer, M., Brannen, C., Glennerster, R., 2013. The challenge of education and learning in the developing world. Science 340, 297–300.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Qin, S., Lei, W., Liu, D., Chen, Y., 2014. In-situ and tunable nitrogen-doping of MoS2 nanosheets. Sci. Rep. 4, 7582.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lewis, R.J., Sr., 2008. Hazardous Chemicals Desk Reference, Sixth Edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Cappabianca, P., Iaconetta, G., Califano, L. (Eds.), 2010. Cranial, Craniofacial and Skull Base Surgery. Springer, Milano.
A chapter in an edited book
Majorana, E., Sasso, A., 2006. Pseudopolar reaction of hydrogen atoms, in: Bassani, G.F. (Ed.), Ettore Majorana Scientific Papers: On Occasion of the Centenary of His Birth. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 77–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Food Engineering.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2015. New Sunken Treasure Discovered In The Ancient Antikythera Shipwreck [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1973. Patrol Frigate (No. 092648). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Farrell, D.P., 2017. Teachers’ Perceptions of How the Use of Peer Evaluation Could Improve Their Teaching Practice (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J., 2017. ‘24’ Reboot Has a Dire Ring to It. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hough, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Cunningham and Russell, 2000; Hough, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cunningham and Russell, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Qin et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Food Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Food Eng.
ISSN (print)0260-8774
ScopeFood Science

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