How to format your references using the Journal of Food Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Food Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wilmot, C.M., 2007. Biochemistry. An ancient and intimate partnership. Science 316, 379–380.
A journal article with 2 authors
Petro, E.J., Raben, D.M., 2013. Bacterial expression strategies for several Sus scrofa diacylglycerol kinase alpha constructs: solubility challenges. Sci. Rep. 3, 1609.
A journal article with 3 authors
Song, H., Stevens, C.F., Gage, F.H., 2002. Astroglia induce neurogenesis from adult neural stem cells. Nature 417, 39–44.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Grupe, A., Germer, S., Usuka, J., Aud, D., Belknap, J.K., Klein, R.F., Ahluwalia, M.K., Higuchi, R., Peltz, G., 2001. In silico mapping of complex disease-related traits in mice. Science 292, 1915–1918.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sóbester, A., Forrester, A.I.J., 2014. Aircraft Aerodynamic Design. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Goethe, N.B., Beeley, P., Rabouin, D. (Eds.), 2015. G.W. Leibniz, Interrelations between Mathematics and Philosophy, Archimedes, New Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Brimblecombe, P., 2011. Environment and Architectural Stone, in: Siegesmund, S., Snethlage, R. (Eds.), Stone in Architecture: Properties, Durability. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 317–346.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Food Engineering.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2017. Helium Not Such A Noble Gas After All, As Scientists Form Stable Compound [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Highway Infrastructure: FHWA’s Model for Estimating Highway Needs Is Generally Reasonable, Despite Limitations (No. RCED-00-133). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Borogovac, A., 2010. Novel method for superior detection of functional changes in CBF using arterial spin labeling fMRI (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kolomatsky, M., 2017. How Much You Need to Make. New York Times RE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wilmot, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Petro and Raben, 2013; Wilmot, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Petro and Raben, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Grupe et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Food Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Food Eng.
ISSN (print)0260-8774
ScopeFood Science

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