How to format your references using the Journal of Food Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Food Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Green, H.W., 2nd, 2001. Plate tectonics. A graveyard for buoyant slabs? Science 292, 2445–2446.
A journal article with 2 authors
Qian, H., Ricklefs, R.E., 2000. Large-scale processes and the Asian bias in species diversity of temperate plants. Nature 407, 180–182.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meloso, D., Copic, J., Bossaerts, P., 2009. Promoting intellectual discovery: patents versus markets. Science 323, 1335–1339.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Brunner, D.O., De Zanche, N., Fröhlich, J., Paska, J., Pruessmann, K.P., 2009. Travelling-wave nuclear magnetic resonance. Nature 457, 994–998.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fell, G.J., 2013. Decoding the IT Value Problem. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Brazier, F.M.T., Nieuwenhuis, K., Pavlin, G., Warnier, M., Badica, C. (Eds.), 2012. Intelligent Distributed Computing V: Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Intelligent Distributed Computing – IDC 2011, Delft, The Netherlands – October 2011, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Palas Nogueira, J., de Sá-Soares, F., 2012. Trust in e-Voting Systems: A Case Study, in: Rahman, H., Mesquita, A., Ramos, I., Pernici, B. (Eds.), Knowledge and Technologies in Innovative Information Systems: 7th Mediterranean Conference on Information Systems, MCIS 2012, Guimaraes, Portugal, September 8-10, 2012. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 51–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Food Engineering.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. Vast Unique Ecosystems Discovered In The Twilight Zone Off The Coast Of Hawaii [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1980. GSA Lease Prospectuses Provide a Reasonable Basis for the Congress To Approve Proposed Space Acquisitions (No. LCD-80-44). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lake, A.D., 2013. Hepatic stress response mechanisms in progressive human nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Corkery, M., 2017. Deep Debt and Rivals Push Toy Chain Into Bankruptcy. New York Times B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Green, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Green, 2001; Qian and Ricklefs, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Qian and Ricklefs, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Brunner et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Food Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Food Eng.
ISSN (print)0260-8774
ScopeFood Science

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