How to format your references using the Journal of Food Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Food Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bennett, R., 2009. Journal club. A microbiologist wonders what turns us on. Nature 461, 15.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rupert, P.B., Ferré-D’Amaré, A.R., 2001. Crystal structure of a hairpin ribozyme-inhibitor complex with implications for catalysis. Nature 410, 780–786.
A journal article with 3 authors
Passier, R., van Laake, L.W., Mummery, C.L., 2008. Stem-cell-based therapy and lessons from the heart. Nature 453, 322–329.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Miller, M.A., Nguyen, V.Q., Lee, M.H., Kosinski, M., Schedl, T., Caprioli, R.M., Greenstein, D., 2001. A sperm cytoskeletal protein that signals oocyte meiotic maturation and ovulation. Science 291, 2144–2147.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cook, H.F., 2017. The Protection and Conservation of Water Resources. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Cerone, A., Persico, D., Fernandes, S., Garcia-Perez, A., Katsaros, P., Shaikh, S.A., Stamelos, I. (Eds.), 2014. Information Technology and Open Source: Applications for Education, Innovation, and Sustainability: SEFM 2012 Satellite Events, InSuEdu, MoKMaSD, and OpenCert Thessaloniki, Greece, October 1–2, 2012 Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Witelski, T., Bowen, M., 2015. Dimensional Scaling Analysis, in: Bowen, M. (Ed.), Methods of Mathematical Modelling: Continuous Systems and Differential Equations, Springer Undergraduate Mathematics Series. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 85–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Food Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. This Plane Will Take You Anywhere In The World In 4 Hours [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1976. Proposed Revision to Armed Services Procurement Regulation for Cost Principles on Independent Research and Development Costs (No. B-164912). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Song, H.-J., 2014. Strategic Constraints of Economic Interdependence: South Korea’s Changing Strategy in the Face of a Rising China (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. Mets Form Dream Infield, for a Chiropractor. New York Times D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bennett, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Bennett, 2009; Rupert and Ferré-D’Amaré, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rupert and Ferré-D’Amaré, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Miller et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Food Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Food Eng.
ISSN (print)0260-8774
ScopeFood Science

Other styles