How to format your references using the Journal of Food Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Food Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lakes, R., 2000. MATERIALS SCIENCE: Deformations in Extreme Matter. Science 288, 1976–1977.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pelham, R.J., Chang, F., 2002. Actin dynamics in the contractile ring during cytokinesis in fission yeast. Nature 419, 82–86.
A journal article with 3 authors
Greiner, J., Cuby, J.G., McCaughrean, M.J., 2001. An unusually massive stellar black hole in the Galaxy. Nature 414, 522–525.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Szabó, P., Scheuring, I., Czárán, T., Szathmáry, E., 2002. In silico simulations reveal that replicators with limited dispersal evolve towards higher efficiency and fidelity. Nature 420, 340–343.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adams, N., 2013. Eclipse of Grace. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Jakeman, A.J., Barreteau, O., Hunt, R.J., Rinaudo, J.-D., Ross, A. (Eds.), 2016. Integrated Groundwater Management: Concepts, Approaches and Challenges. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Kim, C.H., Quisquater, J.-J., 2008. New Differential Fault Analysis on AES Key Schedule: Two Faults Are Enough, in: Grimaud, G., Standaert, F.-X. (Eds.), Smart Card Research and Advanced Applications: 8th IFIP WG 8.8/11.2 International Conference, CARDIS 2008, London, UK, September 8-11, 2008. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 48–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Food Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Childhood Health Improves Following Closure of Chinese Coal-Burning Power Plant [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. B-2 Bomber: Contract Structure and Selected Provisions (No. NSIAD-90-230FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shafran, R.F., 2017. Leading Organizational Change: A Phenomenological Study of the Nonlinear Strategies Used by Female Leaders in Global Companies (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Seligman, M.E.P., Tierney, J., 2017. We Aren’t Built to Live in the Moment. New York Times SR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lakes, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Lakes, 2000; Pelham and Chang, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pelham and Chang, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Szabó et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Food Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Food Eng.
ISSN (print)0260-8774
ScopeFood Science

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