How to format your references using the Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Selker T: Voting technology. Election auditing is an end-to-end procedure. Science 2005, 308:1873–1874.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schlesinger WH, Lichter J: Limited carbon storage in soil and litter of experimental forest plots under increased atmospheric CO2. Nature 2001, 411:466–469.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim J, Ashenhurst JA, Movassaghi M: Total synthesis of (+)-11,11’-dideoxyverticillin A. Science 2009, 324:238–241.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Balthrop J, Forrest S, Newman MEJ, Williamson MM: Computer science. Technological networks and the spread of computer viruses. Science 2004, 304:527–529.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alberty RA: Biochemical Thermodynamics: Applications of Mathmatica. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
Rodin S, Perišin T (Eds): Judicial Application of International Law in Southeast Europe. Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Hougardy S, Vygen J: Approximate Representations of the Real Numbers. In Algorithmic Mathematics. Edited by Vygen J. Springer International Publishing; 2016:49–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability.

Blog post
Hamilton K: Girls May Perform Better At School Than Boys – But Their Experience Is Much Less Happy. IFLScience 2016,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: High Speed Ground Transportation: Financial Barriers to Development. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dillon M: Active aging program for older adults with early stage dementia. 2014,

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J, Rutenberg J: Pelley Said to Be Leaving Anchor Post With CBS News. New York Times 2017,

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Opinion in Environmental Sustainability
AbbreviationCurr. Opin. Environ. Sustain.
ISSN (print)1877-3435
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science
General Social Sciences

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