How to format your references using the Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sherwood Lollar B: Geochemistry. Life’s chemical kitchen. Science 2004, 304:972–973.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hemmi JM, Zeil J: Robust judgement of inter-object distance by an arthropod. Nature 2003, 421:160–163.
A journal article with 3 authors
Roy K, Bandyopadhyay S, Atulasimha J: Binary switching in a “symmetric” potential landscape. Sci Rep 2013, 3:3038.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Mayer L, Kazantzidis S, Madau P, Colpi M, Quinn T, Wadsley J: Rapid formation of supermassive black hole binaries in galaxy mergers with gas. Science 2007, 316:1874–1877.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Glisic S: Advanced Wireless Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Yeluri R: Building the Infrastructure for Cloud Security: A Solutions view. Apress; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Antoñanzas-Torres J, Antoñanzas-Torres F, Sodupe-Ortega E, Martínez-de-Pisón FJ: Optimization of Solar Integration in Combined Cycle Gas Turbines (ISCC). In International Joint Conference SOCO’13-CISIS’13-ICEUTE’13: Salamanca, Spain, September 11th-13th, 2013 Proceedings. Edited by Herrero Á, Baruque B, Klett F, Abraham A, Snášel V, Carvalho ACPLF de, Bringas PG, Zelinka I, Quintián H, Corchado E. Springer International Publishing; 2014:31–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability.

Blog post
Andrew D: This Wooden Carving Is Twice As Old As The Pyramids. IFLScience 2015,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Standards and Technology: Update of Information About Fee Increases for Measurement Services. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Castro R: Faculty unions and their effects on university shared governance. 2012,

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J: Indians Get Contributions and Confidence From Unexpected Source. New York Times 2016,

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Opinion in Environmental Sustainability
AbbreviationCurr. Opin. Environ. Sustain.
ISSN (print)1877-3435
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science
General Social Sciences

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