How to format your references using the Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Attaran A. Where did it all go wrong? Nature 2004;430:932–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Baker D, Sali A. Protein structure prediction and structural genomics. Science 2001;294:93–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Yamamoto Y, Stock DW, Jeffery WR. Hedgehog signalling controls eye degeneration in blind cavefish. Nature 2004;431:844–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Colombo K, Grill SW, Kimple RJ, Willard FS, Siderovski DP, Gönczy P. Translation of polarity cues into asymmetric spindle positioning in Caenorhabditis elegans embryos. Science 2003;300:1957–61.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Pines JM, Carpenter CR, Raja AS, Schuur JD. Evidence-Based Emergency Care. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Fairclough SH, Gilleade K, editors. Advances in Physiological Computing. London: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Chaki S, Clarke E, Grumberg O, Ouaknine J, Sharygina N, Touili T, et al. State/Event Software Verification for Branching-Time Specifications. In: Romijn J, Smith G, Pol J van de, editors. Integrated Formal Methods: 5th International Conference, IFM 2005, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, November 29 - December 2, 2005. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005, p. 53–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering.

Blog post
[1]
Hamilton K. This Is What Our Cities Would Look Like Without Light Pollution. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/space/what-if-our-cities-were-lit-billions-stars/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Business Modernization: NASA Must Consider Agencywide Needs to Reap the Full Benefits of Its Enterprise Management System Modernization Effort. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Momenteller J. Optimization of Germination and Early Growth Conditions for Axenic Stanleya pinnata, a Potential Phytoremediation Candidate for Selenium. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kleinfield NR, Fitzsimmons EG. Friends and Work Colleagues Remembering Lives Lost in the Metro-North Crash. New York Times 2015:A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSoil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering
AbbreviationSoil Dyn. Earthq. Eng.
ISSN (print)0267-7261
ScopeSoil Science
Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
Civil and Structural Engineering

Other styles