How to format your references using the Internet Interventions - The application of information technology in mental and behavioural citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Internet Interventions - The application of information technology in mental and behavioural. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Poppy, G., 2015. Science must prepare for impact. Nature 526, 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boltasseva, A., Atwater, H.A., 2011. Materials science. Low-loss plasmonic metamaterials. Science 331, 290–291.
A journal article with 3 authors
Burke, M., Hsiang, S.M., Miguel, E., 2015. Global non-linear effect of temperature on economic production. Nature 527, 235–239.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ross, J.S., Amendt, P., Atherton, L.J., Dunne, M., Glenzer, S.H., Lindl, J.D., Meeker, D., Moses, E.I., Nikroo, A., Wallace, R., 2013. Lead (Pb) hohlraum: target for inertial fusion energy. Sci. Rep. 3, 1453.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Britton, M., 2015. YouthNation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Pan, Y., Chen, D., Guo, M., Cao, J., Dongarra, J. (Eds.), 2005. Parallel and Distributed Processing and Applications: Third International Symposium, ISPA 2005, Nanjing, China, November 2-5, 2005. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Kemper, C., Oxley, I., 2012. The Benefits of Version Control, in: Oxley, I. (Ed.), Foundation Version Control for Web Developers. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp. 75–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Internet Interventions - The application of information technology in mental and behavioural.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Study Reveals How The Brain “Rebuilds” Itself In An Attempt To Cure Schizophrenia [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1978. HEW Audits of Federal Grants and Contracts Administered by Institutions of Higher Education (No. 105389). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nellenbach, K.M., 2010. Contributions of oral language, problem-solving, and reading attitudes to young adolescents’ silent reading comprehension (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. A Mets Pitcher’s Call-Up From Class AA Is a Surprise to Him. New York Times B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Poppy, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Boltasseva and Atwater, 2011; Poppy, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boltasseva and Atwater, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Ross et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternet Interventions - The application of information technology in mental and behavioural
AbbreviationInternet Interv.
ISSN (print)2214-7829

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