How to format your references using the Internet Interventions - The application of information technology in mental and behavioural citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Internet Interventions - The application of information technology in mental and behavioural. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Frey, B.S., 2011. Psychology. Happy people live longer. Science 331, 542–543.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sykora, S., Becker, K.W., 2013. Heavy fermion properties of the Kondo Lattice model. Sci. Rep. 3, 2691.
A journal article with 3 authors
Maret, S., Bergin, E.A., Lada, C.J., 2006. A low fraction of nitrogen in molecular form in a dark cloud. Nature 442, 425–427.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Borgatti, S.P., Mehra, A., Brass, D.J., Labianca, G., 2009. Network analysis in the social sciences. Science 323, 892–895.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Curtis, P.M., 2011. Maintaining Mission Critical Systems in a 24/7 Environment. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Mariani, M.M., Czakon, W., Buhalis, D., Vitouladiti, O. (Eds.), 2016. Tourism Management, Marketing, and Development: Performance, Strategies, and Sustainability. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Andrés, B., Poler, R., Hernández, J.E., 2013. An Operational Planning Solution for SMEs in Collaborative and Non-Hierarchical Networks, in: Hernández, J.E., Liu, S., Delibašić, B., Zaraté, P., Dargam, F., Ribeiro, R. (Eds.), Decision Support Systems II - Recent Developments Applied to DSS Network Environments: Euro Working Group Workshop, EWG-DSS 2012, Liverpool, UK, April 12-13, 2012, and Vilnius, Lithuania, July 8-11, 2012, Revised Selected and Extended Papers, Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 46–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Internet Interventions - The application of information technology in mental and behavioural.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Pistol Shrimp Claw In Slow Motion [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2001. Federal Highway Funding by Program and Type of Roadway, With Related Safety Data (No. GAO-01-836R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oldham, C.A., 2010. An investigation of genre and grammatical positioning in an online community (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira, S., 2016. Can She Keep You Safe? New York Times SR6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Frey, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Frey, 2011; Sykora and Becker, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sykora and Becker, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Borgatti et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternet Interventions - The application of information technology in mental and behavioural
AbbreviationInternet Interv.
ISSN (print)2214-7829

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