How to format your references using the Internet Interventions - The application of information technology in mental and behavioural citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Internet Interventions - The application of information technology in mental and behavioural. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mishra, J., 2014. Having it all. Science 345, 1090.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wilson, P.A., Norris, R.D., 2001. Warm tropical ocean surface and global anoxia during the mid-Cretaceous period. Nature 412, 425–429.
A journal article with 3 authors
King, J.-R., Bekinschtein, T., Dehaene, S., 2011. Comment on “Preserved feedforward but impaired top-down processes in the vegetative state.” Science 334, 1203; author reply 1203.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Biswas, S., Grant, M., Samajdar, I., Haldar, A., Sain, A., 2013. Micromechanics of emergent patterns in plastic flows. Sci. Rep. 3, 2728.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Todinov, M.T., 2005. Reliability and Risk Models. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Borcard, D., 2011. Numerical Ecology with R, Use R. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Dudek-Dyduch, E., Horzyk, A., 2008. The Influence of Training Data Availability Time on Effectiveness of ANN Adaptation Process, in: Rutkowski, L., Tadeusiewicz, R., Zadeh, L.A., Zurada, J.M. (Eds.), Artificial Intelligence and Soft Computing – ICAISC 2008: 9th International Conference Zakopane, Poland, June 22-26, 2008 Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 28–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Internet Interventions - The application of information technology in mental and behavioural.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2015. Take This Test To See How You Perceive Color [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2011. DOD Education Benefits: Increased Oversight of Tuition Assistance Program Is Needed (No. GAO-11-300). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wright, M.W., 2017. The Louisiana Teacher Assault Pay Statute: An Analysis of Court Decisions Interpreting the Statute and a Comparative Study of Teacher Assault Pay Statutes in Other States (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Novick, S.M., 2015. Feast of Championships. New York Times LI10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mishra, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Mishra, 2014; Wilson and Norris, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wilson and Norris, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Biswas et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternet Interventions - The application of information technology in mental and behavioural
AbbreviationInternet Interv.
ISSN (print)2214-7829

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