How to format your references using the Internet Interventions - The application of information technology in mental and behavioural citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Internet Interventions - The application of information technology in mental and behavioural. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Adams, W.M., 2014. Conservation. The value of valuing nature. Science 346, 549–551.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rajsbaum, R., García-Sastre, A., 2014. Virology. Unanchored ubiquitin in virus uncoating. Science 346, 427–428.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shalm, L.K., Adamson, R.B.A., Steinberg, A.M., 2009. Squeezing and over-squeezing of triphotons. Nature 457, 67–70.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chang, C., Holtzman, D.A., Chau, S., Chickering, T., Woolf, E.A., Holmgren, L.M., Bodorova, J., Gearing, D.P., Holmes, W.E., Brivanlou, A.H., 2001. Twisted gastrulation can function as a BMP antagonist. Nature 410, 483–487.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Xu, Q.A., Madden, T.L., 2011. Analytical Methods for Therapeutic Drug Monitoring and Toxicology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bodlaender, H.L., Italiano, G.F. (Eds.), 2013. Algorithms – ESA 2013: 21st Annual European Symposium, Sophia Antipolis, France, September 2-4, 2013. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Bandyopadhyay, A., Das, T., Yeasmin, S., 2015. Synthetic (Inorganic) Nanoparticles Based Lung Cancer Diagnosis and Therapy, in: Das, T., Yeasmin, S. (Eds.), Nanoparticles in Lung Cancer Therapy - Recent Trends, SpringerBriefs in Molecular Science. Springer India, New Delhi, pp. 39–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Internet Interventions - The application of information technology in mental and behavioural.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017. Mars Lander Crashed Because It Thought It Was Underground [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2010. Next Generation Air Transportation System: FAA and NASA Have Improved Human Factors Research Coordination, but Stronger Leadership Needed (No. GAO-10-824). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lindemann-Litzsinger, C., 2017. Investigating the Possible Relationship Between Participation in High School Athletics and First-Generation College Student Persistence to College Graduation (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2006. Justices Uphold State Rules In Decision on Dam Licenses. New York Times A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Adams, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Adams, 2014; Rajsbaum and García-Sastre, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rajsbaum and García-Sastre, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Chang et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternet Interventions - The application of information technology in mental and behavioural
AbbreviationInternet Interv.
ISSN (print)2214-7829

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