How to format your references using the Internet Interventions - The application of information technology in mental and behavioural citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Internet Interventions - The application of information technology in mental and behavioural. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holden, D.W., 2015. Microbiology. Persisters unmasked. Science 347, 30–32.
A journal article with 2 authors
Franklin, C.E., Axelsson, M., 2000. An actively controlled heart valve. Nature 406, 847–848.
A journal article with 3 authors
Afraz, S.-R., Kiani, R., Esteky, H., 2006. Microstimulation of inferotemporal cortex influences face categorization. Nature 442, 692–695.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Beall, C.M., Laskowski, D., Strohl, K.P., Soria, R., Villena, M., Vargas, E., Alarcon, A.M., Gonzales, C., Erzurum, S.C., 2001. Pulmonary nitric oxide in mountain dwellers. Nature 414, 411–412.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sharpe, N.F., Carter, R.F., 2005. Genetic Testing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ghadiri, A., 2012. Neuroleadership: A Journey Through the Brain for Business Leaders, Management for Professionals. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
McDermid, J.A., 2012. The Risks of LSCITS: The Odds Are Stacked against Us, in: Calinescu, R., Garlan, D. (Eds.), Large-Scale Complex IT Systems. Development, Operation and Management: 17th Monterey Workshop 2012, Oxford, UK, March 19-21, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 94–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Internet Interventions - The application of information technology in mental and behavioural.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Simple tree branch filter makes dirty water drinkable [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2002. School Dropouts: Education Could Play a Stronger Role in Identifying and Disseminating Promising Prevention Strategies (No. GAO-02-240). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Graves, K.A., 2012. An Exploration of Organizational Commitment among Generation X Leaders (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., 2013. On Tulsa’s Long-Shot Olympic Pitch, Mayor and Others Say Never Mind. New York Times B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Holden, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Franklin and Axelsson, 2000; Holden, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Franklin and Axelsson, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Beall et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternet Interventions - The application of information technology in mental and behavioural
AbbreviationInternet Interv.
ISSN (print)2214-7829

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