How to format your references using the Internet Interventions - The application of information technology in mental and behavioural citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Internet Interventions - The application of information technology in mental and behavioural. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chipman, A., 2007. Swiss on a roll. Nature 448, 525.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mjolsness, E., DeCoste, D., 2001. Machine learning for science: state of the art and future prospects. Science 293, 2051–2055.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jayne, B.C., Voris, H.K., Ng, P.K.L., 2002. Snake circumvents constraints on prey size. Nature 418, 143.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Laurberg, M., Asahara, H., Korostelev, A., Zhu, J., Trakhanov, S., Noller, H.F., 2008. Structural basis for translation termination on the 70S ribosome. Nature 454, 852–857.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reiss, E., Shadomy, H.J., Lyon, G.M., III, 2011. Fundamental Medical Mycology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Chirici, G., Winter, S., McRoberts, R.E. (Eds.), 2011. National Forest Inventories: Contributions to Forest Biodiversity Assessments, Managing Forest Ecosystems. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Nácul, A.C., Lajolo, M., Givargis, T., 2006. Interface-Centric Abstraction Level for Rapid Hardware/Software Integration, in: Vachoux, A. (Ed.), Applications of Specification and Design Languages for SoCs: Selected Papers from FDL 2005. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 83–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Internet Interventions - The application of information technology in mental and behavioural.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Genes Could Be Influencing Our Weight By Shaping Which Microbes Inhabit Our Gut [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Highway Projects: Some Federal and State Practices to Expedite Completion Show Promise (No. GAO-12-593). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Huynhle, M., 2017. High-Fat Diet-Induced Obesity Increases Resilience against Gram-Negative Bacterial Infection in Drosophila Larvae (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Romero, S., 2013. Rebels Delay Peace Talks In Colombia. New York Times A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chipman, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Chipman, 2007, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mjolsness and DeCoste, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Laurberg et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternet Interventions - The application of information technology in mental and behavioural
AbbreviationInternet Interv.
ISSN (print)2214-7829

Other styles