How to format your references using the Internet Interventions - The application of information technology in mental and behavioural citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Internet Interventions - The application of information technology in mental and behavioural. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ferster, D., 2004. Neuroscience. Blocking plasticity in the visual cortex. Science 303, 1619–1621.
A journal article with 2 authors
Simpson, S.J., Travis, J., 2007. Testing our defenses. Science 317, 611.
A journal article with 3 authors
Giannini, A., Saravanan, R., Chang, P., 2003. Oceanic forcing of Sahel rainfall on interannual to interdecadal time scales. Science 302, 1027–1030.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Simmons, G., Glynn, S.A., Komaroff, A.L., Mikovits, J.A., Tobler, L.H., Hackett, J., Jr, Tang, N., Switzer, W.M., Heneine, W., Hewlett, I.K., Zhao, J., Lo, S.-C., Alter, H.J., Linnen, J.M., Gao, K., Coffin, J.M., Kearney, M.F., Ruscetti, F.W., Pfost, M.A., Bethel, J., Kleinman, S., Holmberg, J.A., Busch, M.P., Blood XMRV Scientific Research Working Group (SRWG), 2011. Failure to confirm XMRV/MLVs in the blood of patients with chronic fatigue syndrome: a multi-laboratory study. Science 334, 814–817.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wells, R., 2004. Global Credit Management. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Kihara, K. (Ed.), 2015. Gasless Single-Port RoboSurgeon Surgery in Urology, 1st ed. 2015. ed. Springer Japan, Tokyo.
A chapter in an edited book
Love, J.C., Derrick, S.M., Wiersema, J.M., 2011. Fractures of the Vertebral Column, Sternum, Scapulae, and Clavicles, in: Derrick, S.M., Wiersema, J.M. (Eds.), Skeletal Atlas of Child Abuse. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 57–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Internet Interventions - The application of information technology in mental and behavioural.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. What Can A 1.7-Million-Year-Old Hominid Fossil Teach Us About Cancer? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Nanotechnology: Accuracy of Data on Federally Funded Environmental, Health, and Safety Research Could Be Improved (No. GAO-08-709T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Graber, M.E., 2013. Best practices in enhancement deals: Nonprofit and for profit theatrical collaborations (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2008. Offering Fresh Weapons Against Test Anxiety. New York Times LI6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ferster, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Ferster, 2004; Simpson and Travis, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Simpson and Travis, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Simmons et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternet Interventions - The application of information technology in mental and behavioural
AbbreviationInternet Interv.
ISSN (print)2214-7829

Other styles