How to format your references using the International Journal of Odonatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Odonatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Johnson, G. (2002). Signal transduction. Scaffolding proteins--more than meets the eye. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5558), 1249–1250.
A journal article with 2 authors
Salehi-Ashtiani, K., & Szostak, J. W. (2001). In vitro evolution suggests multiple origins for the hammerhead ribozyme. Nature, 414(6859), 82–84.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sevenster, D., Beckers, T., & Kindt, M. (2013). Prediction error governs pharmacologically induced amnesia for learned fear. Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6121), 830–833.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Weinstock, I. A., Barbuzzi, E. M., Wemple, M. W., Cowan, J. J., Reiner, R. S., Sonnen, D. M., Heintz, R. A., Bond, J. S., & Hill, C. L. (2001). Equilibrating metal-oxide cluster ensembles for oxidation reactions using oxygen in water. Nature, 414(6860), 191–195.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Salleh, S., Zomaya, A. Y., Olariu, S., & Sanugi, B. (2005). Numerical Simulations and Case Studies Using Visual C++.Net. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Shiffman, M. A. (Ed.). (2013). Advanced Cosmetic Otoplasty: Art, Science, and New Clinical Techniques. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Newcombe, D. S. (2013). Clinical Aspects of Gout and Associated Disease States. In D. R. Robinson (Ed.), Gout: Basic Science and Clinical Practice (pp. 91–185). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Odonatology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 3). How Viruses Can Fool The Immune System. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Information Technology Utilization by the Federal Government (T-IMTEC-89-9). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Amos, A. E. (2010). Perceptions of the persistent: Academic experiences of first generation community college students [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira, S. (2017, February 11). Since When is Being a Woman a Liberal Cause? New York Times, SR9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Johnson, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Johnson, 2002; Salehi-Ashtiani & Szostak, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Salehi-Ashtiani & Szostak, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Sevenster et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Weinstock et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Odonatology
AbbreviationInt. J. Odonatol.
ISSN (print)1388-7890
ISSN (online)2159-6719
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Insect Science

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