How to format your references using the International Journal of Odonatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Odonatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Margolis, H. S. (2013). Physics. How big is the proton? Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6118), 405–406.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stewart, J. R., & Stringer, C. B. (2012). Human evolution out of Africa: the role of refugia and climate change. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6074), 1317–1321.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bressan, M., Liu, G., & Mikawa, T. (2013). Early mesodermal cues assign avian cardiac pacemaker fate potential in a tertiary heart field. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6133), 744–748.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gougoux, F., Lepore, F., Lassonde, M., Voss, P., Zatorre, R. J., & Belin, P. (2004). Neuropsychology: pitch discrimination in the early blind. Nature, 430(6997), 309.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reiman, J. (2012). As Free and as Just as Possible. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Ginsburg, M. (Ed.). (2012). Preparation, Practice, and Politics of Teachers: Problems and Prospects in Comparative Perspective (Vol. 3). SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Veale, T., & Li, G. (2014). Analogy as an Organizational Principle in the Construction of Large Knowledge-Bases. In H. Prade & G. Richard (Eds.), Computational Approaches to Analogical Reasoning: Current Trends (pp. 83–101). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Odonatology.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017, March 20). 33 Stunning Images Shortlisted For The Sony World Photography Awards 2017. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Problems in Regulating Selected Vaccines (B-164031(2)). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gogni de Tolentino, M. G. (2010). Challenges and successes of monolingual Spanish-speaking foster parents [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010, July 15). Scouting Report. New York Times, E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Margolis, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Margolis, 2013; Stewart & Stringer, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stewart & Stringer, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Bressan et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Gougoux et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Odonatology
AbbreviationInt. J. Odonatol.
ISSN (print)1388-7890
ISSN (online)2159-6719
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Insect Science

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