How to format your references using the International Journal of Odonatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Odonatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Willyard, C. (2011). Imaging: Seeing is believing. Nature, 480(7377), S52-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen, P.-W., & Ali, M. M. (2014). Investigating Leggett-Garg inequality for a two level system under decoherence in a non-Markovian dephasing environment. Scientific Reports, 4, 6165.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jones, P. D., Osborn, T. J., & Briffa, K. R. (2001). The evolution of climate over the last millennium. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5517), 662–667.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Han, J., Zhou, H., Horazdovsky, B., Zhang, K., Xu, R.-M., & Zhang, Z. (2007). Rtt109 acetylates histone H3 lysine 56 and functions in DNA replication. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5812), 653–655.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Micouin, P. (2014). Model-Based Systems Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Djukić, D. (2011). The IMO Compendium: A Collection of Problems Suggested for The International Mathematical Olympiads: 1959-2009 Second Edition (V. Janković, I. Matić, & N. Petrović, Eds.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bruni, R., De Nicola, R., Loreti, M., & Mezzina, L. G. (2009). Provably Correct Implementations of Services. In C. Kaklamanis & F. Nielson (Eds.), Trustworthy Global Computing: 4th International Symposium, TGC 2008, Barcelona, Spain, November 3-4, 2008, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 69–86). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Odonatology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, February 23). Trial Provides Tentative Hope Of “Functional Cure” For Some People Living With HIV. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from IFLScience website:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1978). DOE Compliance With Brooks Act (No. B-115369). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Funderburk, J. (2010). Modern Variation in Predation Intensity: Constraints on Assessing Predator-Prey Relationships in Paleoecologic Reconstructions (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2009, January 18). Two Stars, Meeting Across a Bible. New York Times, p. WK1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Willyard, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Chen & Ali, 2014; Willyard, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chen & Ali, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Jones, Osborn, & Briffa, 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Han et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Odonatology
AbbreviationInt. J. Odonatol.
ISSN (print)1388-7890
ISSN (online)2159-6719
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Insect Science

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