How to format your references using the Radiology of Infectious Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Radiology of Infectious Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Blow N. Small RNAs: delivering the future. Nature 2007;450:1117–20.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Manoli DS, Baker BS. Median bundle neurons coordinate behaviours during Drosophila male courtship. Nature 2004;430:564–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Lin Z, Owen AB, Altman RB. Genetics. Genomic research and human subject privacy. Science 2004;305:183.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Nakagawa T, Kitagawa H, Yasuda Y, Tarasov PE, Nishida K, Gotanda K, et al. Asynchronous climate changes in the North Atlantic and Japan during the last termination. Science 2003;299:688–91.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Walker M. Happy-People-Pills For All. Oxford, UK: Wiley Blackwell; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Kandampully J, editor. Service Management: The New Paradigm in Retailing. New York, NY: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Ferrarese G, Bini D. Relativistic Kinematics for a Three-Dimensional Continuum. In: Ferrarese G, Bini D, editors. Introduction to Relativistic Continuum Mechanics, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008, p. 169–206.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Radiology of Infectious Diseases.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. What’s Mother’s Day If You’ve Been Born In A Machine And Raised By Robots? IFLScience 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Federal Internal Control and Financial Management Systems: Major Reform Efforts Are Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Katz RL. Graduate nursing students’ perceptions regarding caring for patients with HIV. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Forsberg ME. A Hudson Tunnel That Goes One Way. New York Times 2010:A33.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRadiology of Infectious Diseases
AbbreviationRadiol. Infect. Dis.
ISSN (print)2352-6211
Scope

Other styles