How to format your references using the Radiology of Infectious Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Radiology of Infectious Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rowley JD. Genetics. A story of swapped ends. Science 2013;340:1412–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ranta E, Kaitala V. Comment on “Stability via asynchrony in Drosophila metapopulations with low migration rates.” Science 2006;314:420; author reply 420.
A journal article with 3 authors
Munsky B, Neuert G, van Oudenaarden A. Using gene expression noise to understand gene regulation. Science 2012;336:183–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Asmis KR, Pivonka NL, Santambrogio G, Brümmer M, Kaposta C, Neumark DM, et al. Gas-phase infrared spectrum of the protonated water dimer. Science 2003;299:1375–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonk CJ. The World is Open. San Francisco, CA, USA: Jossey-Bass; 2011.
An edited book
Mouritsen OG. LIFE - AS A MATTER OF FAT: Lipids in a Membrane Biophysics Perspective. 2nd ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
McCown D, Reibel D, Micozzi MS. The Skills of the Teacher. In: Reibel D, Micozzi MS, editors. Teaching Mindfulness: A Practical Guide for Clinicians and Educators, New York, NY: Springer; 2010, p. 103–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Radiology of Infectious Diseases.

Blog post
Hale T. DNA Reveals The Genetic History Of The Black Death Bacteria. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Air Passenger Screening: Transportation Security Administration Needs to Improve Complaint Processes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jurka J. The importance of being a complement: CED effects revisited. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by. Arts Briefly; Film Museum Closes in Moscow. New York Times 2005:E2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRadiology of Infectious Diseases
AbbreviationRadiol. Infect. Dis.
ISSN (print)2352-6211

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