How to format your references using the International Breastfeeding Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Breastfeeding Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Smaglik P. Eastern promises. Nature. 2003;422:239.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Denef VJ, Banfield JF. In situ evolutionary rate measurements show ecological success of recently emerged bacterial hybrids. Science. 2012;336:462–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. O’D Alexander CM, Boss AP, Carlson RW. The early evolution of the inner solar system: a meteoritic perspective. Science. 2001;293:64–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Schmeing TM, Voorhees RM, Kelley AC, Gao Y-G, Murphy FV 4th, Weir JR, et al. The crystal structure of the ribosome bound to EF-Tu and aminoacyl-tRNA. Science. 2009;326:688–94.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Reiman J. As Free and as Just as Possible. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2012.
An edited book
1. Aneva B, Kouteva-Guentcheva M, editors. Nonlinear Mathematical Physics and Natural Hazards: Selected Papers from the International School and Workshop held in Sofia, Bulgaria, 28 November – 02 December, 2013. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Kreimeyer M, Lindemann U. Modeling the structure of design processes. In: Lindemann U, editor. Complexity Metrics in Engineering Design: Managing the Structure of Design Processes. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 101–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Breastfeeding Journal.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Ultrasound-Activated Bubbles Could Help Make Cancer Drugs More Effective And Less Nasty [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/ultrasound-activated-bubbles-could-help-make-cancer-drugs-more-effective-and/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Disposable Glassware for Laboratory Work. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1970 Jan. Report No.: 092114.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Rehman JL. Rape as religious terrorism and genocide the 1971 war between East and West Pakistan [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Walsh MW. William Schreyer, 83, Merrill Chief, Dies. New York Times. 2011 Jan 25;A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Breastfeeding Journal
AbbreviationInt. Breastfeed. J.
ISSN (online)1746-4358
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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