How to format your references using the International Breastfeeding Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Breastfeeding Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Owens B. Addiction. Nature. 2015;522:S45.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Young LJ, Barrett CE. Neuroscience. Can oxytocin treat autism? Science. 2015;347:825–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Dillon ME, Wang G, Huey RB. Global metabolic impacts of recent climate warming. Nature. 2010;467:704–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wang F, Cheng K, Wei X, Qin H, Chen R, Liu J, et al. A six-plex proteome quantification strategy reveals the dynamics of protein turnover. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1827.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Marks KH, Robbins LE, Fernández G, Funkhouser JP, Williams DL. The Handbook of Financing Growth. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1. Raś ZW, Wieczorkowska AA, editors. Advances in Music Information Retrieval. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Kidd TH, Vural M, Ravichandran G. Transverse Response of Unidirectional Composites Under a Wide Range of Confinements and Strain Rates. In: Shukla A, Ravichandran G, Rajapakse YDS, editors. Dynamic Failure of Materials and Structures. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2010. p. 131–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Breastfeeding Journal.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. New Material Converts Sunlight to Steam [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Problems Persist in Justice’s ADP Management and Organizations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 Dec. Report No.: T-IMTEC-91-2.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. DeClerk CC. The relationship between retail store manager leadership styles and employee generational cohort, performance, and satisfaction [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Murphy MJO. A Watcher in the Night. New York Times. 2011 Sep 4;BR15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Breastfeeding Journal
AbbreviationInt. Breastfeed. J.
ISSN (online)1746-4358
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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