How to format your references using the International Breastfeeding Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Breastfeeding Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Lill R. Function and biogenesis of iron-sulphur proteins. Nature. 2009;460:831–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Krupalnik V, Hanna JH. Stem cells: The quest for the perfect reprogrammed cell. Nature. 2014;511:160–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Zhou H, Guan H, Chi B. Record of winter monsoon strength. Nature. 2007;450:E10-1; discussion E11.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Reed EJ, Soljacic M, Ibanescu M, Joannopoulos JD. Comment on “Observation of the inverse Doppler effect.” Science. 2004;305:778; author reply 778.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Ollivier J-P, Torrenti J-M, Carcassès M. Physical Properties of Concrete and Concrete Constituents. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Bouguettaya A, Sheng QZ, Daniel F, editors. Web Services Foundations. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Symeonidis V, Hay S, Vasileiou K, Psallida A, Karabasis N, Parasidou E. The Future Schools Project: An Educational Initiative to Raise Students’ Voice. In: Montgomery A, Kehoe I, editors. Reimagining the Purpose of Schools and Educational Organisations: Developing Critical Thinking, Agency, Beliefs in Schools and Educational Organisations. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 35–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Breastfeeding Journal.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Latest Study Breathes New Life in Case About America’s Most Controversial Archaeological Discovery [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Export Control: Army Guidance on Cooperative Research and Development Agreement Compliance with Export Control Laws and Regulations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002 Apr. Report No.: GAO-02-529R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Arguello IM. Circle of Sisters summer program: A grant-writing project [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Billard M. The View From the Back Row. New York Times. 2016 Feb 4;D7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Breastfeeding Journal
AbbreviationInt. Breastfeed. J.
ISSN (online)1746-4358
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles