How to format your references using the International Breastfeeding Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Breastfeeding Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Clary DC. Chemistry. Geometric phase in chemical reactions. Science. 2005;309:1195–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Reilly SM, White TD. Hypaxial motor patterns and the function of epipubic bones in primitive mammals. Science. 2003;299:400–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Chu R, Reczek D, Brondyk W. Capture-stabilize approach for membrane protein SPR assays. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7360.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Hölker F, Beare D, Dörner H, di Natale A, Rätz H-J, Temming A, et al. Comment on “Impacts of biodiversity loss on ocean ecosystem services.” Science. 2007;316:1285; author reply 1285.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Cavalla D. Off-label prescribing - Justifying unapproved medicine. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
1. Madria S, Hara T, editors. Big Data Analytics and Knowledge Discovery: 17th International Conference, DaWaK 2015, Valencia, Spain, September 1-4, 2015, Proceedings. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Lau KC, Curtiss LA, Chan MKY, Greeley JP. Atomistic and First Principles: Computational Studies of LiO2 Batteries. In: Imanishi N, Luntz AC, Bruce P, editors. The Lithium Air Battery: Fundamentals. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. p. 159–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Breastfeeding Journal.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Low-Levels Of Radiation Around Fukushima Affecting Insect Survival [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/low-levels-radiation-around-fukushima-affecting-insect-survival/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. GAO and Federal Government ADP Procurement. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976 Nov. Report No.: 100060.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Forget MA. Tumor Angiogenesis is all Tied up in Tie2-Expressing Macrophages [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly WP. Mr. Miró, Mr. Basie. New York Times. 2002 Nov 3;716.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Breastfeeding Journal
AbbreviationInt. Breastfeed. J.
ISSN (online)1746-4358
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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