How to format your references using the International Breastfeeding Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Breastfeeding Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Yantis S. Neuroscience. To see is to attend. Science. 2003;299:54–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Estrin D, Sim I. Health care delivery. Open mHealth architecture: an engine for health care innovation. Science. 2010;330:759–60.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Morens DM, Subbarao K, Taubenberger JK. Engineering H5N1 avian influenza viruses to study human adaptation. Nature. 2012;486:335–40.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Jacobs Z, Roberts RG, Galbraith RF, Deacon HJ, Grün R, Mackay A, et al. Ages for the Middle Stone Age of southern Africa: implications for human behavior and dispersal. Science. 2008;322:733–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Goldberger AL, Goldberger ZD. Becoming a Consummate Clinician. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Lasaponara R, Masini N, editors. Satellite Remote Sensing: A New Tool for Archaeology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Fleishman GD, Toptygin IN. Wave–Particle and Wave–Wave Interactions. In: Toptygin IN, editor. Cosmic Electrodynamics: Electrodynamics and Magnetic Hydrodynamics of Cosmic Plasmas. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. p. 139–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Breastfeeding Journal.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Time To Tap In To An Underused Energy Source: Wasted Heat [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/time-tap-underused-energy-source-wasted-heat/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Comparison of Specific Responses in FAA Controller Questionnaire. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 May. Report No.: RCED-89-162FS.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Mande M. Sisyphus’s Fault: How the Shifting Terrain of a Changing Institution Makes Curriculum Reform an “Impossible Task” [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kishkovsky S. Minarets and Onion Domes. New York Times. 2008 Sep 28;TR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Breastfeeding Journal
AbbreviationInt. Breastfeed. J.
ISSN (online)1746-4358
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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