How to format your references using the IT Professional citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IT Professional. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Smaglik, “Conference management,” Nature, vol. 426, no. 6968, p. 911, Dec. 2003.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. Kamiyama and A. Chiba, “Endogenous activation patterns of Cdc42 GTPase within Drosophila embryos,” Science, vol. 324, no. 5932, pp. 1338–1340, Jun. 2009.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. Pandey, G. K. Goswami, and K. K. Nanda, “Nanocomposite based flexible ultrasensitive resistive gas sensor for chemical reactions studies,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 2082, 2013.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Zheng, K. Kwak, J. Xie, and M. D. Fayer, “Ultrafast carbon-carbon single-bond rotational isomerization in room-temperature solution,” Science, vol. 313, no. 5795, pp. 1951–1955, Sep. 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Steele, From Therapist to Coach. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
K. Bollen, M. Euwema, and L. Munduate, Eds., Advancing Workplace Mediation Through Integration of Theory and Practice. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
R. A. De la cruz Guerrero and J. C. Juajibioy, “On the Riemann Problem for a Hyperbolic System of Temple Class,” in Analysis, Modelling, Optimization, and Numerical Techniques: ICAMI, San Andres Island, Colombia, November 2013, G. O. Tost and O. Vasilieva, Eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp. 75–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IT Professional.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Solar-Powered Drone Could Fly Nonstop For Five Years,” IFLScience, 04-Mar-2014. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “NSF’s Award of Two Research Vessels Met Requirements,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, PAD-82-14, Jun. 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Dobbs, “The Potential Use of PEI Modified Biochar for Different Environmental Applications,” Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Bittman, “Feast in a Day,” New York Times, p. MM38, 14-Dec-2012.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIT Professional
AbbreviationIT Prof.
ISSN (print)1520-9202
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Hardware and Architecture

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